Gichuki biotech status ofab 23 february 2012


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Gichuki biotech status ofab 23 february 2012

  1. 1. The Status of AgriculturalBiotechnology Research in Kenya Simon T. GichukiKenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Presented at the Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology (OFAB) February 23, Nairobi, Kenya
  2. 2. Tradational Constraints to Emerging Agricultural Challenges Productivity • Climate Change• Biotic factors • Environment – Diseases conservation – Pests • Nutritional diseases – Weeds • New plant diseases• Abiotic factors • Zoonotic diseases – Drought • Rift Valley Fever, Bird – Low soil Flu, PPR fertility Source - CIMMYT
  3. 3. Agricultural BiotechnologyResearch interventions based on.. • Tissue Culture • Molecular Markers- assisted breeding • Use of doubled haploid technology • Development of transgenics • Plant and animal diseases diagnostics • Development of livestock diseases recombinant vaccines Contributing to the basket of solutions
  4. 4. Concept of increased Yield Potential (Adapted From WEMA) Step-Changes in Maize Yield PotentialINNOVATIONS IN AG TECHNOLOGY THROUGHOUT THE VALUE CHAIN CONTRIBUTE TO YIELD GAIN
  5. 5. WEMA- Water Efficient Maize for African Soils GEMADOT –Genetic Engineering of Maize for Drought Tolerance IMAS -Improved Maize for African Soils DTMA- Drought Tolerant Maize For Africa IRMA – Insect Resistant Maize for Africa Research Institutions KARI Kenyatta University CIMMYT AATF Monsanto Ltd Pioneer Hybred
  6. 6. Biocassava Plus (BC+) Improving Cassava for Nutrition, Health, and Sustainable DevelopmentVirus Resistant Cassava for Africa (VIRCA) Development of virus Disease Resistant CassavaResearch PartnersKenya Agricultural Research InstituteNational Agricultural Research Organisation, UgandaNational Root Crops Research Institute, NigeriaDonald Danforth Plant Science centreInternational Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
  7. 7. ABS -Africa Biofortified SorghumNutritionally-Enhanced Sorghum for the Arid andSemi-Arid Tropical Areas of AfricaDevelopment of Drought Tolerant Sorghum Research Institutions University of Nairobi Makerere University KARI A-Harvest Pioneer Hybred CSIR -RSA ASARECA
  8. 8. Preparations for Deployment of Bt cotton•Application forenvironmental release•Stakeholder trainingstewardship of Bt cotton Participatory process •KARI•A commercialisation task •Monsantoforce •ISAAA •ABSF•Study tour to Burkina •Cotton GinnersFaso for stakeholders •Ministry of Agriculture •Seed Companies 8
  9. 9. Development of Livestock Recombinant Vaccines•Rift Valley Fever• Lack of an appropriate biosafety testingfacility for animals involving GMOs.•KARI collaborates with USDA and IAEA tocarry out surveillance of the disease inKenya.-Vaccines for other diseases – CBPP and Newcastle
  10. 10. Development of Livestock Disease Diagnostics•Several rapid diagnostic tests developedand validated•Slow pace of commercial deployment• e.g A latex agglutination test for thecontagious CCPP•CAPRITESTR
  11. 11. Laboratory and Greenhouse Research•Disease resistant banana – IITA at BecA•Nematode resistant yams – IITA at BecA•Mechanisms for trypanosome resistance - ILRI•Insect resistant pigeon pea ICRISAT and KU•Insect resistant sweetpotato – CIP and KU
  12. 12. Capacity Building• On-going in all the main universities• CEBIB- University of Nairobi Moi University• Kenyatta University• JKUAT • Construction of Biosafety Laboratories, greenhouses, screen-houses and CFT sites • KARI, BecA, KU and KEPHIS
  13. 13. Thank you for listening