Taking advantage of
openness: understanding
the variety of perspectives
on open and their impact
Martin Weller, Patrick Mc...
Structure
OER Research Hub
Hypotheses
Illustrative findings
OER Impact Map
• Research project at The Open University (UK)
• Funded by William & Flora Hewlett Foundation for two years
• Research tea...
Rationale
• OER is growing up
• 10+ years
• Need evidence base for decisions & to show what works
• Move away from evangel...
Agile methodology
Hypotheses
Key claims about open education
Keyword Research Hypothesis
Performance OER improve student performance/satisfaction
Openness People use OER differently f...
A lack of evidence
Lots of:
“number of downloads”
Lessons learned
OER will…
Key Questions for Evidence Model
What evidence exists to support key claims about OER?
How do patterns of OER impact diffe...
Forms of evidence
Surveys
Usage data
(some) comparative data
Case studies
Curation of published research
Map as artifact
Some illustrative findings
Performance
Evidence of increase in related factors such as
confidence & satisfaction.
Grade scores difficult to get
Saylo...
Openness
Understanding of open licenses is growing, and while
many educators state that open licensing is important,
this ...
Access
OER being used as prep for formal study & to
complement.
OpenStax: 20% of respondents reported that the use of OERs...
Retention
Strong survey data to suggest that this is supported,
particularly regarding open textbook
60% CCCOER identified...
Reflection
Good support for this in surveys and also from
qualitative data too.
Community College teachers agree with the ...
Financial
Strong evidence of student savings with open textbooks
(of monies *not* spent). Institutional picture less clear...
OER Impact Map
oermap.org
OER Impact Map: Maps
oermap.org
• Country Summary Map - evidence nodes organized by country
• OER Project Map - OER initia...
Global Impact Summary
Select country to zoom
in service of The Open University
Flowmap changes according
to country selected…
Impact Summary (USA)
Node colour = sector
Node border = polarity
in service of The Open University
Positive Evidence
Negative Evidence
Uncategorized Evidence
OER Evidence Map
OER Policy Map
L
R
N
I
Local/Institutional policies
Regional policies
National policies
International policies
CC Open Pol...
in service of The Open University
OER Projects
OER Project Map
in service of The Open University
OER Impact Map
in service of The Open University
OER Impact Map
Combines other maps
Supports filtering
Hypothesis Reporting
Hypothesis Reporting
in service of The Open University
in service of The Open University
Summary
• A collaborative approach to OER research is recommended
• OER Impact Map is a tool designed for the needs of the...
Next Steps
• Adding qualitative data analysis to evidence base
• Increasing the evidence base through desk research
• Plan...
in service of The Open University
Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
in service of The Open University
Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
in service of The Open University
Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
in service of The Open University
We want to put you on the map!
So let us know about OER activity
and impact in your institution
Conclusions
Evidence is more nuanced
Some evidence lacking
Map is a useful shared representation
Join us in building understanding
of open education
Thanks for listening!
oerresearchhub.org
oermap.org
@oer_hub
@mweller
@philosopher1978
Taking advantage of openness: understanding the variety of perspectives on open and their impact
Taking advantage of openness: understanding the variety of perspectives on open and their impact
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Taking advantage of openness: understanding the variety of perspectives on open and their impact

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There has been considerable coverage of the growth of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) that give free access to courses that have familiar structures. However, there are many other ways in which Open Educational Resources are being used and influencing education. In the OER Research Hub we have worked across educational sectors looking at ways that OER are being adopted and used. In this paper we step back from some of the detailed work with collaborating projects to consider their different motivations and shared challenges. The case studies show how openness acts as inspiration, however the impact of openness can be harder to see. Our survey data is showing how open aspects can seem less important as projects seek to build to broad engagement, and that aims of widening access are challenged by findings that open education appeals to those who already have existing confidence and experience. The actions of the collaborating partners seek to address these issues for example through courses that help develop understanding of openness and by understanding the groups that they serve who have special needs.

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Taking advantage of openness: understanding the variety of perspectives on open and their impact

  1. 1. Taking advantage of openness: understanding the variety of perspectives on open and their impact Martin Weller, Patrick McAndrew & Rob Farrow The Open University
  2. 2. Structure OER Research Hub Hypotheses Illustrative findings OER Impact Map
  3. 3. • Research project at The Open University (UK) • Funded by William & Flora Hewlett Foundation for two years • Research team led by two professors • Tasked with building the most comprehensive picture of OER impact • Organised by eleven research hypotheses • Collaboration model works across different educational sectors • Global reach but with a USA focus OER Research Hub oerresearchhub.org #oerrhub
  4. 4. Rationale • OER is growing up • 10+ years • Need evidence base for decisions & to show what works • Move away from evangelism and belief
  5. 5. Agile methodology
  6. 6. Hypotheses Key claims about open education
  7. 7. Keyword Research Hypothesis Performance OER improve student performance/satisfaction Openness People use OER differently from other online materials Access OER widen participation in education Retention OER can help at-risk learners to finish their studies Reflection OER use leads educators to reflect on their practice Finance OER adoption brings financial benefits for students/institutions Indicators Informal learners use a variety of indicators when selecting OER Support Informal learners develop their own forms of study support Transition OER support informal learners in moving to formal study Policy OER use encourages institutions to change their policies Assessment Informal assessments motivate learners using OER „Evidence‟ is only evidence in relation to a claim or hypothesis: the project hypotheses form the core of the metadata model.
  8. 8. A lack of evidence Lots of: “number of downloads” Lessons learned OER will…
  9. 9. Key Questions for Evidence Model What evidence exists to support key claims about OER? How do patterns of OER impact differ across countries? How do patterns of OER impact differ according to sector? How can the veracity of evidence be checked? How can diverse evidence forms be meaningfully collected together?
  10. 10. Forms of evidence Surveys Usage data (some) comparative data Case studies Curation of published research Map as artifact
  11. 11. Some illustrative findings
  12. 12. Performance Evidence of increase in related factors such as confidence & satisfaction. Grade scores difficult to get Saylor: Increased enthusiasm for study (59%) Increased interest in subject (58%) Increased satisfaction with the learning experience (53%) Gaining confidence (50%)
  13. 13. Openness Understanding of open licenses is growing, and while many educators state that open licensing is important, this does not always transfer into their own practice. For learners the presence of an open licence is not seen as important FLN: Over 80% of K12 teachers create their own videos for the flipped classroom, but only roughly half of those share these videos publicly online, and only 5% do so with a CC license
  14. 14. Access OER being used as prep for formal study & to complement. OpenStax: 20% of respondents reported that the use of OERs influenced their decision to register for their current course of study Over 30% of students reported studying their subject via OER before joining their course
  15. 15. Retention Strong survey data to suggest that this is supported, particularly regarding open textbook 60% CCCOER identified reduced cost of materials as a driver of student retention
  16. 16. Reflection Good support for this in surveys and also from qualitative data too. Community College teachers agree with the idea that OER use improves teaching practice in the areas of curriculum coverage (66%); range of teaching methods (77%);
  17. 17. Financial Strong evidence of student savings with open textbooks (of monies *not* spent). Institutional picture less clear OpenStax: over 79% of students thought they had saved money by using OpenStax College textbooks
  18. 18. OER Impact Map oermap.org
  19. 19. OER Impact Map: Maps oermap.org • Country Summary Map - evidence nodes organized by country • OER Project Map - OER initiatives and projects around the world • OER Evidence Map - all impact evidence is categorized according to the OER Research Hub hypotheses • OER Policy Map is the single largest curated collection of OER policies • OER Impact Map aggregates the other maps • Tweetmaps show a geographical summary of tweets for a particular Twitter hashtag. E.g. #oermap for outreach; #oerrhub for tracking project activity. • Maps by others
  20. 20. Global Impact Summary Select country to zoom
  21. 21. in service of The Open University Flowmap changes according to country selected…
  22. 22. Impact Summary (USA) Node colour = sector Node border = polarity
  23. 23. in service of The Open University Positive Evidence Negative Evidence Uncategorized Evidence OER Evidence Map
  24. 24. OER Policy Map L R N I Local/Institutional policies Regional policies National policies International policies CC Open Policy Network POERUP SPARC
  25. 25. in service of The Open University OER Projects OER Project Map
  26. 26. in service of The Open University OER Impact Map
  27. 27. in service of The Open University OER Impact Map Combines other maps Supports filtering
  28. 28. Hypothesis Reporting
  29. 29. Hypothesis Reporting
  30. 30. in service of The Open University
  31. 31. in service of The Open University
  32. 32. Summary • A collaborative approach to OER research is recommended • OER Impact Map is a tool designed for the needs of the open community • Open methods for researching openness: openly licensed instruments; remix and reuse data; working openly; sharing • Takeaway message: the whole is greater than the sum of the parts
  33. 33. Next Steps • Adding qualitative data analysis to evidence base • Increasing the evidence base through desk research • Plan for final phase of map development • Case studies • New collaborations? • New hypotheses? • School of Open course on open research; Open Data; CC-BY research tools • Survey data „exploration tool‟
  34. 34. in service of The Open University Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
  35. 35. in service of The Open University Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
  36. 36. in service of The Open University Survey Data Explorer (prototype)
  37. 37. in service of The Open University
  38. 38. We want to put you on the map! So let us know about OER activity and impact in your institution
  39. 39. Conclusions Evidence is more nuanced Some evidence lacking Map is a useful shared representation
  40. 40. Join us in building understanding of open education
  41. 41. Thanks for listening! oerresearchhub.org oermap.org @oer_hub @mweller @philosopher1978

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