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A Tale of Two Globes: Exploring the North/South Divide in Use of OER

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Presentation given at The 12th Annual Open Education Conference #OpenEd15: The Impact of Open. Vancouver, November 2015.

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A Tale of Two Globes: Exploring the North/South Divide in Use of OER

  1. 1. @celTatis @OER_Hub OPEN EDUCATION RESEARCH HUB A Tale of Two Globes: Exploring the North/South Divide in Use of OER Beatriz de los Arcos Rob Farrow Beck Pitt Martin Weller The Open University, UK #opened15
  2. 2. Project Co-PILOT
  3. 3. OERRH Survey Data: 7,700 responses from 175 countries
  4. 4. bit.ly/OERRH_SurveyData CCBY-NCRichardhttps://flic.kr/p/daKBTG
  5. 5. CCBY-NDWesDickinsonhttps://flic.kr/p/q7tS35 divide?
  6. 6. N=7635 Global South 24% Global North 76% Role 38% informal learners 29% formal learners 32% educators 45% informal learners 28.4% formal learners 23.2% educators Gender 62% male 36.6% female 44% male 55% female Age 28% 25-34 years-old 22.3% 25-34 years-old Educational Qualification 38% postgraduate 32% undergraduate 34.5% postgraduate 26% undergraduate Employment status 48.3% full-time 13% part-time 47.2% full-time 17.7% part-time English native speakers 31% 75% Internet Access 56% mobile 49% home broadband 70% mobile 89% home broadband
  7. 7. Educators Global South Global North Gender 58% male 42% female 48% male 52% female Age 28% 35-44 years-old 26% 45-54 years-old Educational Qualification 60% postgraduate 24% undergraduate 64% postgraduate 20% undergraduate Employment status 67% full-time 16% part-time 61% full-time 23% part-time English native speakers 39% 76% Teaching experience 49% >10 years 57% >10 years
  8. 8. 89.5 83.6 74.5 76.7 60.8 61.3 18.1 19 60.4 76 49.8 64.5 51.4 41.9 10.5 32.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Shopped online Used spreadsheet software Used a VLE to teach Used cloud-based storage Shared an image online Downloaded a podcast Recorded and uploaded a podcast Downloaded a file using a torrent client South North Digital literacies*
  9. 9. 80 39.8 16.2 28.8 23.2 13.8 76.1 38.1 12.7 22.8 24.3 14.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 I have adapted open educational resources to fit my needs I have created open educational resources for study or teaching I have created resources myself and published them on an open license I have added a resource to a repository I have added comments to a repository regarding the quality of a resource I have added comments to a repository suggesting ways of using a resource South North Engagement with OER
  10. 10. The OER Engagement Ladder (Wild, 2012) http://www.open.ac.uk/score/files/score/file/OER%20Engagement%20Study%20Joanna%20Wild_full%20research%20report.pdf
  11. 11. “[Wild’s] model does not allow for consideration of contextual factors enabling and inhibiting OER use in development contexts”. (Perryman & Seal, 2015) Open educational practices and attitudes to openness across India: reporting the findings of the OER Research Hub pan-India survey. OER15, 14-15 April 2015, Cardiff.
  12. 12. 34.9 62 59.7 36.2 17.1 31.1 23.7 20.1 24.9 46.5 48.6 50.8 26.9 50.7 30 32.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment Finding suitable resources in my subject area Finding resources of sufficiently high quality Finding resources that are relevant to my local context Not being skilled enough to edit resources Overcoming technology problems when downloading resources Not having connections with OER-using peers Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use of OER South North Challenges in using OER*
  13. 13. Global South Global North I have adapted OER to fit my needs 80.2% 87.8% I have created resources for teaching 34% 42% I have created resources and published them under an open license* 8.9% 17.6% Educators + technology as challenge =
  14. 14. ? CCBY-NC-NDTigerPixelhttps://flic.kr/p/dE5mzu
  15. 15. 42 62.3 59 75.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 I have improved my skills in ICT OER allow me to better accommodate diverse learner needs South North Technology barriers Not relevant to local context Impact of OER on teaching challengechallenge
  16. 16. 34.9 62 59.7 36.2 17.1 31.1 23.7 20.1 24.9 46.5 48.6 50.8 26.9 50.7 30 32.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Not having enough time/opportunities to experiment Finding suitable resources in my subject area Finding resources of sufficiently high quality Finding resources that are relevant to my local context Not being skilled enough to edit resources Overcoming technology problems when downloading resources Not having connections with OER-using peers Getting work colleagues/managers to accept the use of OER South North Challenges in using OER*
  17. 17. CCBYMattBrownhttps://flic.kr/p/qPkG8v connecting
  18. 18. Open Education Research Hub • Research into open education and strategies for building worldwide open education research capacity • Available for research & consultancy (short & long term) • Current projects include: •

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