Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Policy Instruments to Promote Better Enviromental Performance

29 views

Published on

Regional Policy Dialogue Meeting “SMEs in a Green Economy”, 09 March 2018, Paris
Session 2, "Policy Instruments to Promote Better Enviromental Performance", Eugene Mazur, OECD Environment Directorate

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Policy Instruments to Promote Better Enviromental Performance

  1. 1. SME GREENING TOOLKIT: POLICY INSTRUMENTS TO PROMOTE BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE Eugene Mazur OECD Environment Directorate
  2. 2. • Targeted to Eastern Partnership countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) – comparable with Western Balkans • Project of the EAP Task Force (now GREEN Action Task Force), 2014-16 • Based on the experience of OECD countries • Supported by pilot projects, including SME surveys, in Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine Development of the SME Greening Toolkit
  3. 3. • Willingness to go beyond the requirements of environmental legislation varies from 4% in Armenia to 54% in Moldova • Still, many SMEs already implement resource efficiency measures Current use of green practices
  4. 4. • Growing prices for energy, water and raw materials • Rising awareness that greening may lead to a competitive advantage • Regulatory and financial incentives are very weak Key drivers for green practices
  5. 5. • Ministries of economy are taking the lead but efforts insufficient • Environment ministries provide regulatory info but don’t reach SMEs • Donor-sponsored initiatives unsustainable in the long term Support for green practices: the biggest gap
  6. 6. • Regulatory tools • Information-based instruments – Providing information, advice and guidance – Recognising green practices • Economic tools – Financial incentives – Market creation • Institutional partnerships Government policies for SME greening
  7. 7. • Replacing customised permits with general rules – Low-risk activities, many operators, similar technologies • Incentives for EMS certification – Privileges in the permitting process – Reduced monetary penalties – Reduced inspection frequency • Sectoral approach to compliance assurance – SMEs respond primarily to compliance promotion messages adapted to their sector – Partnerships with non-environmental regulators and trade associations Making regulatory tools smarter
  8. 8. • Mix traditional and advanced communication tools – “Regulatory watch”: e-mail, magazines, newsletters – Web-based guidance – Direct contacts between inspectors and operators • Make the business case for green practices – Emphasise efficiency gains and market opportunities • Offer concise and clear guidance • Distinguish legal requirements from good practice Providing information, advice and guidance
  9. 9. • Simplified environmental management systems – Multi-tier EMS: focus on simple, accessible improvements in management practices • Sector-specific green certifications • Eco-labels • Environmental recognition awards Recognising green practices
  10. 10. • Tax privileges – Accelerated amortisation – Reduced property or corporate taxes • Soft loans – Encourage banks and insurance companies to provide incentives for green practices • Subsidies for consultancy services – Initial public funding is necessary – Gradual transition to fee-based services Financial incentives
  11. 11. • Green public procurement – environmental criteria of procurement decisions – Compliance with environmental requirements – Green certification – Eco-labels • Supply chain management – encourage large firms to form partnerships with smaller suppliers to improve their environmental performance Market creation
  12. 12. Government authorities: • Compliance promotion is part of environmental regulators’ job • Closer collaboration between ministries of economy and environment and business support organisations • Multi-stakeholder coordination Business and trade associations: • Signposting • Developing marketing and promotional materials • Sector-specific technical assistance, not just lobbying • Increase the membership of SMEs Building institutional partnerships
  13. 13. http://www.oecd.org/env/outreach/Greening-SMEs- policy-toolkit-eng.pdf

×