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Climate change adaptation and development co-operation*

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Presentation of an initial scoping paper on: “Climate Change Adaptation and Development Co-operation”

*Source: Climate Change Adaptation Planning and Development Co-operation: Scoping Paper (2014)
Presented at the Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, April 2014, Zürich, Switzerland. For more information, please contact Michael Mullan (michael.mullan@oecd.org) & Jan Corfee-Morlot (jan.corfee-morlot@oecd.org).

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Climate change adaptation and development co-operation*

  1. 1. Climate change adaptation and development co-operation* Presentation by Juan Casado-Asensio Policy Analyst Development Co-operation Directorate, OECD *Source: Climate Change Adaptation Planning and Development Co- operation: Scoping Paper (2014)
  2. 2. • Key international developments on climate change adaptation • Effective development co-operation • Major patterns in Official Development Assistance (ODA) targeting climate change adaptation objectives Outline
  3. 3. Key international developments on adaptation • Integration of climate change adaptation into development planning and policy has been relatively slow, although recently increasing its pace : – Largely driven by international instruments, bodies and support mechanisms for adaptation under the UNFCCC • NAPAs (2001) for LDCs; NAP process (2010) for all developing countries • Financial support through the GEF (Trust Fund, LDCF, SCCF), the GCF, CIFs (PPCR) and bilateral support • To what extent are development co-operation providers are effectively supporting these processes?
  4. 4. • Key international developments on climate change adaptation • Effective development co-operation • Major patterns in Official Development Assistance (ODA) targeting climate change adaptation objectives Outline
  5. 5. Toward effective development co-operation: some fundamental pillars to guide us  Busan Declaration (2011) and Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation  Aid Effectiveness Principles draw from 50 years of development co- operation experience The Paris Declaration “Pyramid” • Ownership of development priorities by developing countries • Focus on results • Inclusive development partnerships • Transparency and accountability
  6. 6. • Key international developments on climate change adaptation • Effective development co-operation • Major patterns in Official Development Assistance (ODA) targeting climate change adaptation objectives Outline
  7. 7. Total adaptation-related aid in 2010-2012 Source: OECD DAC CRS (2014) Bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2011 prices, annual and 3-year annual average • ODA targeting adaptation reached USD 9.3bn on average p. a. in 2010-2012 • About 1/3 principal objective • Co-benefit from other environment or climate-related activities • Large overlap likely between adaptation and development, more generally
  8. 8. Top providers of adaptation-related aid Average 2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2011 prices Source: OECD DAC CRS (2014)
  9. 9. Main sectors on adaptation-related aid Average 2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2011 prices Source: OECD DAC CRS (2014) • Top 5 sectors concentrate 83% of total adaptation- related ODA • Mainstreaming adaptation across many sectors at risk • Relatively well- aligned with the priorities put forward by developing countries in their NAPAs
  10. 10. Top recipients of adaptation-related aid Average 2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD million, constant 2011 prices Source: OECD DAC CRS (2014) • By region: 2/3 of total adaptation-related ODA flows to Asia and Africa • By income group: MICs receive 44% of adaptation-related ODA • By country: the top 10 recipients in absolute terms receive 30% of total ODA • By country: top 10 recipients in relative terms (and per capita terms) are SIDS
  11. 11. Some questions for discussion • What are the main features of effective development co- operation for adaptation? • Which levels and entry points for action are providers targeting when aligning their interventions on adaptation to the needs and priorities of developing partners? • What could further data analysis tell us about how the principles of effective development co-operation are put in practice? • Could this be illustrated with in-depth case studies to also touch upon effective development planning and policy issues? • What does the data tell us about potentially interesting cases for exploration in this project? (e.g., orphans/darlings; LDCs/LICs and MICs; engagement with adaptation; sectors targeted and those at risk)
  12. 12. THANK YOU! For more information: juan.CASADOASENSIO@oecd.org OECD DCD Environment and Development Homepage www.oecd.org/dac/environment-development OECD DAC-CRS: Methods and data on ODA www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm
  13. 13. Top 10 recipients, adaptation-related aid as a % of total ODA received Average 2010-12, bilateral commitments, USD million, constant 2011 prices Source: OECD DAC CRS (2014) • At country level, and in relative terms, Caribbean and Pacific SIDS predominate • Also among the highest in per capita terms, although low in absolute terms Country Adaptation as % of total ODA St. Vincent & Grenadines 45% Dominica 35% Vanuatu 32% Costa Rica 30% Suriname 30% Niue 26% Gabon 26% Cook Islands 26% Samoa 24% Peru 22% Average across all ODA: 5.9%

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