Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviewis (CPEIR)

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Presentation on national approaches to monitoring and evaluating adaptation: the support UNDP has provided partner countries in formulating their Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIR) and how these can contribute to a better understanding of climate risks, vulnerabilities and possible policy gaps.
Presented at the Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, April 2014, Zürich, Switzerland. For more information, please contact Michael Mullan (michael.mullan@oecd.org) & Jan Corfee-Morlot (jan.corfee-morlot@oecd.org).

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Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviewis (CPEIR)

  1. 1. CLIMATE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE AND INSTITUTIONAL REVIEWS (CPEIR) TOM TWINING-WARD, UNDP
  2. 2. Outline • CLIMATE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE AND INSTITUTIONAL REVIEWS (CPEIR) Methodology • CPEIR Results • CPEIR: What next - programming – Budget policy and planning – Budget execution and implementation – Budget monitoring and accountability
  3. 3. Managing climate finance: It’s a plumbing job - Get money where it is needed - Link policy, institutions and expenditure using Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIR) - Global portfolio of CPEIRs
  4. 4. CPEIR Methodology • Review of Policies, Institutions, Expenditure • Led by Ministry of Finance/Planning • Cover a number of countries globally in Asia, • Africa, Latin America • Adaptation and mitigation • Importance of domestic budgets and national systems
  5. 5. CPEIR Results • Climate expenditure is significant (3-15% of total) • Domestic expenditures important • Climate funds can be a distraction as other expenditures more significant (e.g Local government, Social protection) • Public Finance Management needed to manage climate finance • Quality of expenditure is key • Ministry of Finance needs to Coordinate
  6. 6. CPEIR: institutional reforms • Strengthen climate finance units in Ministry of Finance (Indonesia) • Climate finance working groups (Bangladesh, Thailand, Cambodia) • Institutionalize CPEIRs by Ministry of Finance and line agencies (Nepal)
  7. 7. CPEIR: Budget policy and planning • Climate linked to costing in national development plans (Cambodia) • Costing climate strategies (Thailand) • Climate impacts of development projects assessed (Bangladesh, Viet Nam)
  8. 8. CPEIR: Budget execution and implementation • Ministry of Finance lead in coordination (Indonesia, Bang) • Climate Fiscal Framework (Bangladesh) • Sectoral/thematic focus (Pakistan-water, Forestry-Indonesia) • Local climate expenditure delivery (Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan) • Public financial management for managing climate expenditure (Bangladesh)
  9. 9. CPEIR: Budget monitoring and accountability • Climate included in performance based budgeting (Bangladesh) • Assessing climate expenditure quality ie cost- effectiveness (Indonesia) • Budget climate coding/tracking (Nepal, Bang, Thailand, Indonesia) • Tracking international climate expenditure (Indonesia) • Distributional impacts of climate finance (Bangladesh)
  10. 10. Conclusion • Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIRs) speak the language of Ministry of Finance • Leading to institutional reforms in short space of time • Leading to follow-up to really link national budgets and system to climate finance
  11. 11. More Information
  12. 12. Asia – Paul Steele paul.steele@undp.org Latin America – Mateo Salomon mateo.salomon@undp.org Africa - Seon-Mi Choi seon-mi.choi@undp.org

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