Auditing Adaptation to Climate Change in Brazil


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Presentation on national approaches to monitoring and evaluating adaptation: Brazil’s experience in auditing adaptation.
Presented at the Meeting of the OECD Joint DAC-EPOC Task Team on Climate Change and Development Co-operation, April 2014, Zürich, Switzerland. For more information, please contact Michael Mullan ( & Jan Corfee-Morlot (

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Auditing Adaptation to Climate Change in Brazil

  1. 1. Auditing Adaptation to Climate Change in Brazil Marcelo Cardoso Soares Department of Agriculture and Environmental Audit Federal Court of Accounts – Brazil (TCU)
  2. 2. Outline • The Federal Court of Accounts; • International Audit on Climate Change; • Audits in Brazil; • Main findings • First follow up; • Lessons learned; • Opportunities for cooperation.
  3. 3. The Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) • Supreme Audit Institution in Brazil; • Carries out regularity and performance audits of federal government activities, including policies and programs; • Can determine (regularity) or recommend (performance) measures to be adopted by audited entities;
  4. 4. International Audit on Climate Change • Proposed by the Working Group on Environmental Auditing (WGEA) in 2008 – 14 countries; • Each SAI could audit government initiatives regarding mitigation and adaptation to climate change according to national needs; • International report issued in November 2010
  5. 5. Audits in Brazil • 1 audit on mitigation and 3 audits on adaptation; • Adaptation themes indicated by experts: coastal zones, agriculture and livestock and water safety in semiarid areas;
  6. 6. Audits in Brazil • Support from the British Embassy - overseas travel expenses, consultants, publications (£ 250.000); • Coordination of a similar audit in Latin America in 2011 – 9 countries.
  7. 7. Main findings Little concern for adaptation in public policies • Emphasis on mitigation in the National Plan on Climate Change; • No active efforts to identify potential risks arising from climate change;
  8. 8. Main findings • Lack of downscaled climate models to predict impacts on regional level; • Climate data not easily accessible and shaped into information for decision makers; • Interesting initiative: development of seeds fit for a hotter and drier climate.
  9. 9. First follow-up (2012) • Creation of the National Center for Disaster Monitoring and Alert; • Better access to climate time series data by researchers, including digitalization of physical records; • Consideration of climate change scenarios by the National Water Agency when planning and implementing public policies;
  10. 10. Lessons learned • Adaptation to CC was not in the government’s agenda, it was “imported” from international environmental accords; • Audits highlighted the importance of adaptation and encouraged more efforts to deal with it; • Follow-up helped with the adoption of measures beyond one single term of government.
  11. 11. Opportunities for cooperation Attendance at events (COP), consultants (best practices in adaptation): • Second follow-up (2015); • Future audits? – definition of a national plan on adaptation is underway.
  12. 12. THANK YOU! Marcelo Cardoso Soares