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Introduction to the
OECD DAC Statistics & Rio markers
Stephanie Ockenden & Mariana Mirabile, DAC Secretariat
Workshop on p...
Outline
1. Overview of DAC Statistical System
2. What are the Rio markers?
3. How marker scores are applied for policy obj...
OECD DAC Statistical System
• Development finance
statistics are:
– reported by members,
international organisations &
som...
Identifying climate, biodiversity- &
desertification-related finance
4 Rio markers:
• Climate Change Adaptation, and Mitig...
How does the marker methodology
indicate policy objectives?
Activities are screened,
identified and marked as
either, targ...
• The Rio markers are descriptive rather than strictly
quantitative
• Track mainstreaming and allow for an approximate
qua...
• Allows tracking of multiple objectives
simultaneously whilst avoiding double counting
Figure 18.2. The multiple objectiv...
Access the data
• Data can be analysed from two perspectives
Recipient perspective Provider perspective
How many resources...
Bilateral
provider
Multilateral
institution
Developing
country
Transfer of resources (USD)
Bilateral flows
Two perspective...
Bilateral
provider
Multilateral
institution
Developing
country
Bilateral flows
rio marked
Two perpectives
How the DAC stat...
Access the data
• Data visualisation
• Excel
Goal:
DAC methodologies and data remain a point of reference on Official
Development Assistance & Other Official Flows* ta...
Questions for discussion today &
tomorrow:
• Are countries and stakeholders aware of the
DAC statistics and using these?
•...
OECD DAC CRS Rio marker statistics and analysis
www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm
Joint ENVIRONET-WP-STAT Task Tea...
Additional slides
To what & how are the markers applied?
Coverage
• Bilateral flows only
• Official Development
Assistance (ODA)
– Since 199...
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1.WORKSHOP ON PARTNER COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES FOR TRACKING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE- AND BIODIVERSITY-RELATED FINANCE

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1.WORKSHOP ON PARTNER COUNTRY PERSPECTIVES FOR TRACKING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE- AND BIODIVERSITY-RELATED FINANCE

  1. 1. Introduction to the OECD DAC Statistics & Rio markers Stephanie Ockenden & Mariana Mirabile, DAC Secretariat Workshop on partner country perspectives for tracking domestic and international climate and biodiversity-related finance 19 May, OECD Paris
  2. 2. Outline 1. Overview of DAC Statistical System 2. What are the Rio markers? 3. How marker scores are applied for policy objectives? 4. The key features and caveats to note 5. Two perspectives for viewing DAC statistics 6. Accessing the data 7. Future improvements
  3. 3. OECD DAC Statistical System • Development finance statistics are: – reported by members, international organisations & some non-DAC and charities – collected within the Creditor Reporting System (CRS), – monitored by Secretariat & WP-STAT (quality controls & reviews) – transparent - activity-level ODA data publically available online • Reporting guided by standardised definitions and classifications, e.g. – commitments, disbursements – sector classifications – Bilateral / multilateral (avoids double counting) – exchange rates – ODA definition
  4. 4. Identifying climate, biodiversity- & desertification-related finance 4 Rio markers: • Climate Change Adaptation, and Mitigation • Biodiversity • Desertification + 1 Environmental Marker • Rio markers indicate policy objectives  i.e. activities targeting Rio conventions as a principal objective, a significant objective, or not at all  Applied ex-ante, purpose based, cross-cutting and multiple objectives can be tagged • To ensure common understanding among reporters, application of each marker guided by:  Definition, eligibility criteria, examples, and guidance  Recorded in CRS reporting directive & Handbook
  5. 5. How does the marker methodology indicate policy objectives? Activities are screened, identified and marked as either, targeting the Rio conventions as a: • 2 = Principal objective • 1 = significant objective, or • 0 = not targeted
  6. 6. • The Rio markers are descriptive rather than strictly quantitative • Track mainstreaming and allow for an approximate quantification of financial flows targeting the objectives of the Rio conventions. Key features and caveats: Marker presentation and quantification Principal +significant data = Upper bound or total estimate Principal data only = Flows specifically targeting Rio conventions • Finance reported by Parties to the conventions is often based on, but may not be directly comparable to, Rio marker data
  7. 7. • Allows tracking of multiple objectives simultaneously whilst avoiding double counting Figure 18.2. The multiple objectives of environmental development co-operation 3 year annual average, 2010-2012, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices Source: OECD DAC Creditor Reporting System statistics, July 2014. Key features and caveats: Tracking of Multiple
  8. 8. Access the data • Data can be analysed from two perspectives Recipient perspective Provider perspective How many resources were invested in Mexico for renewable energy projects? How many resources did Norway invest to fund green projects?
  9. 9. Bilateral provider Multilateral institution Developing country Transfer of resources (USD) Bilateral flows Two perspectives How the DAC statistical system work Core contribution Multilateral outflows Recipient perspective = bilateral flows + multilateral outflows Provider perspective = bilateral flows + core contributions
  10. 10. Bilateral provider Multilateral institution Developing country Bilateral flows rio marked Two perpectives How the DAC statistical system work Climate-related development finance Imputed multilateral contributions Climate-related components for MDBs & Rio markers for climate funds Recipient perspective = bilateral flows Rio marked + climate component of multilateral outflows Provider perspective = bilateral flows Rio marked + Imputed multilateral contributions Transfer of resources (USD)
  11. 11. Access the data • Data visualisation • Excel
  12. 12. Goal: DAC methodologies and data remain a point of reference on Official Development Assistance & Other Official Flows* targeting environmental objectives Areas for improvement : • Quality: “fine tuning” Rio marker definitions • Use: supporting transparency and exploring the evidence base to support more quantified reporting • Coverage: collaboration with MDBs and multilateral funds to provide integrated picture of bi and multi flows, and imputed multilateral contributions. • Communication: statistical flyers and data visualisation portals ENVIRONET-WP-STAT Task Team on improvement to the Rio markers, environment and development finance statistics
  13. 13. Questions for discussion today & tomorrow: • Are countries and stakeholders aware of the DAC statistics and using these? • Can the communication and user access to these be improved? If so how? • Do countries have similar definitions understandings of what are climate and biodiversity activities?
  14. 14. OECD DAC CRS Rio marker statistics and analysis www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions.htm Joint ENVIRONET-WP-STAT Task Team: Stephanie.Ockenden@OECD.org and Valerie.Gaveau@OECD.org
  15. 15. Additional slides
  16. 16. To what & how are the markers applied? Coverage • Bilateral flows only • Official Development Assistance (ODA) – Since 1998 for biodiversity, climate mitigation and desertification – Mandatory from 2006 flows – Adaptation introduce and mandatory from 2010 flows • Other Official Flows (OOF) – Voluntary basis since 2012 (excl. export credits) Application • Every activity screened • Excluding: – general budget support imputed student costs, – debt relief except debt swaps, – administrative costs, – development awareness, and, – refugees in donor countries • Commitments basis

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