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Education at a Glance 2011

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Education at a Glance 2011

  1. 1. 1 1Key findings from the 2011 edition ofEducation at a Glance Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Key findings from the 2011 edition of Education at a GlanceAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 United States September 13, 2011
  2. 2. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition ofAndreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 2 2 Unabated educational expansion
  3. 3. 3 3Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 1995 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Cost per student Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Graduate supply Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  4. 4. A world of change – higher education 30,000.0 1995 25,000.0 Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) 20,000.0 United StatesCost per student 15,000.0 Finland 10,000.0 Japan 5,000.0 0.0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Graduate supply Tertiary-type A graduation rate
  5. 5. 5 5Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2000 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 United Kingdom Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  6. 6. 6 6Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2001 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Australia Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  7. 7. 7 7Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2002 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  8. 8. 8 8Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2003 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  9. 9. 9 9Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2004 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  10. 10. 1010Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2005 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  11. 11. 1111Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2006 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  12. 12. 1212Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2007 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  13. 13. 1313Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic 30,000.0 Denmark Estonia 2008 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Finland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  14. 14. 1414Key findings from the 2011 edition of Australia Austria Belgium Canada A world of change – higher education Chile Czech Republic Denmark 30,000.0 United States Estonia 2008 FinlandEducation at a Glance France 25,000.0 Germany Expenditure per student at tertiary level (USD) Greece Hungary 20,000.0 Iceland Ireland Israel Italy 15,000.0 Japan KoreaAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Luxembourg 10,000.0 Mexico Netherland New Zealand Norway 5,000.0 Poland Portugal Slovak Republic 0.0 Slovenia 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Tertiary-type A graduation rate United States
  15. 15. 1515Key findings from the 2011 edition of The composition of the global talent pool has changed… Countries’ share in the population with tertiary education, for 25-34 and 55-64 year-old age groups, percentage (2009) 55-64-year-old population 25-34-year-old populationEducation at a GlanceAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 About 39 million people About 81 million people who attained tertiary level who attained tertiary level
  16. 16. 1616 The composition of the global talent pool has changed… Countries’ share in the population with tertiary education, for 25-34 and 55-64 year-Key findings from the 2011 edition of old age groups, percentage (2009) 55-64-year-old population 25-34-year-old populationEducation at a Glance United United other, 14.5 States, 20.5 other, 12.9 States, 35.8 Korea, 1.6 Australia, 1.7 Korea, 5.7 Mexico, 1.8 Australia, 1.6Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Italy, 1.9 Mexico, 3.9 Spain, 2.1 Italy, 2.0 Japan, 10.9 Brazil, 3.5 Spain, 3.5 France, 3.5 Canada, 4.2 Brazil, 4.5 United France, 4.1 China, 18.3 Kingdom, 5.3 Japan, 12.4 Canada, 3.1 Germany, 6.3 Germany, 3.1 China, 6.9 United Kingdom, 4.4
  17. 17. 1717Key findings from the 2011 edition of …and will continue to change Share of new entrants into tertiary education in 2009 (all OECD and G20 countries) Other China, 36.6%Education at a Glance countries, 4.8% Netherlands, 0.5 % Other Portugal 0.5% Chile, 1.3% Czech Republic 0.4% Australia, 1.3% Israel 0.4%Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Sweden 0.4% Italy, 1.4% Belgium 0.4% Spain, 1.6% Hungary 0.4% Poland, 2.1% Austria 0.4% New Zealand 0.3% Germany, 2.5% United Switzerland 0.3% States, 12.9%Slovak Republic 0.3% Argentina, 2.7% Denmark 0.2% Korea, 3.1% Norway 0.2% Ireland 0.2% Mexico, 3.1% Russian Finland 0.2% Federation, 10.0 Slovenia 0.1% United % Estonia 0.1% Kingdom, 3.3% Japan, 4.2% Indonesia, 4.9% Iceland 0.0% Turkey, 3.7%
  18. 18. 1818Key findings from the 2011 edition of …as also visible in the current output of schools Share of upper secondary graduates in 2009 (all OECD and G20 countries) Other China, 42.6%Education at a Glance countries, 3.8% Chile, 0.6% Other Netherlands, 0.7 Belgium 0.4% % Portugal 0.4% Argentina, 0.9% Czech Republic 0.3% Australia, 1.0% Hungary 0.3% Israel 0.3%Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Spain, 1.0% Sweden 0.3% Canada, 1.1% Austria 0.3% Poland, 1.4% Switzerland 0.2% Slovak Republic 0.2% Italy, 1.5% Finland 0.2% Turkey, 1.6% United Norway 0.2% States, 9.9% Korea, 1.7% New Zealand 0.2% United Denmark 0.2% Kingdom, 2.2% Brazil, 7.3% Ireland 0.2% Germany, 2.5% Slovenia 0.1% France, 2.8% Estonia 0.0% Indonesia, 6.1% Mexico, 2.8% Iceland 0.0% Russian Luxembourg 0.0% Japan, 3.4% Federation, 5.2%
  19. 19. 1919Key findings from the 2011 edition ofEducation at a Glance The increase in the number of knowledge workers has not led to a decrease in their payAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 …which is what happened to low-skilled workers
  20. 20. Components of the private net present value for a man with higher20 20 education (2007 or latest available year)Key findings from the 2011 edition of Direct cost Foregone earnings Income tax effect Social contribution effect Transfers effect Grosss earnings benefits Unemployment effect Portugal 373,851Education at a Glance United States 323,808 Italy 311,966 Korea 300,868 Ireland 253,947 Czech Republic 240,449 Hungary 230,098 Slovenia 225,663 Poland 215,125 United Kingdom 207,653 Canada 175,670 OECD Average 175,067 Austria 173,522Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Germany 147,769 France 144,133 Japan 143,018 Finland 135,515 Net Belgium 115,464 present Netherlands 112,928 value in Australia 100,520 Spain 95,320 USD Norway 92,320 equ. New Zealand 74,457 Turkey 64,177 Sweden 62,481 Denmark 55,946 -400,000 -200,000 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 USD equivalent C hart A9.3
  21. 21. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 21 21 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 10,000 0 Luxembourg USDChart A10.4 United States Austria Ireland Netherlands Australia United Kingdom Canada Korea Norway Germany Italy Sweden OECD Average Czech Republic New Zealand Denmark Finland Iceland France Belgium Spain Net income (Purchasing Power Parity-adjusted) Israel Slovenia education (2009 or latest year available) Portugal Greece Slovak Republic Hungary Net income in USD for 25-64 year-olds with a tertiary Poland Estonia
  22. 22. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition ofAndreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 22 22 Taxpayers are getting a good return too
  23. 23. Public cost and benefits for a man obtaining tertiary education2323Key findings from the 2011 edition of (2007 or latest available year) Public benefits Public costs United States 193,584 Germany 168,649 Belgium 167,241 Hungary 166,872Education at a Glance Slovenia 155,664 Finland 100,177 United Kingdom 95,322 Netherlands 95,030 Poland 94,125 OECD Average 91,036 Austria 89,705 Portugal 89,464 Korea 89,034 Ireland 85,917Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Australia 84,532 Italy 82,932 Czech Republic 81,307 Canada 79,774 Japan 67,411 France 63,701 Net present Norway 43,419 value New Zealand 46,482 Sweden 37,542 Spain 29,582 Denmark 28,621 Turkey 21,724 Chart A9.5 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 In equivalent USD
  24. 24. 2424Key findings from the 2011 edition ofEducation at a Glance The crisis hit the least educated hardestAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 The unemployment rate for 15-29 year-olds increased, on average, from 10.2% to 13.5% Lack of relevant skills/experience brings higher unemployment risk for recent entrants to the labour force
  25. 25. 2525Key findings from the 2011 edition of When the crisis hit Percentage-point change between 2008-09 in unemployment rate for 15-29 year-olds 2008 2009 Below upper secondary Tertiary education (%) education (%) Spain SpainEducation at a Glance Estonia Estonia Turkey Turkey Ireland Ireland Slovak Republic Slovak Republic United States United States Greece Greece Hungary Hungary Portugal Portugal Canada Canada Finland Finland Israel Israel Germany Germany Chile Chile Poland PolandAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Brazil Brazil France France OECD average OECD average Belgium Belgium Sweden Sweden Japan Japan Italy Italy Slovenia Slovenia Czech Republic Czech Republic Denmark Denmark Mexico Mexico Australia Australia New Zealand New Zealand Korea Korea Austria Austria United Kingdom United Kingdom Luxembourg Luxembourg Switzerland Switzerland Netherlands Netherlands Norway NorwayC3.1 - 10 20 30 40 - 10 20 30 40
  26. 26. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition ofAndreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 26 26 Who pays for what, when and how?
  27. 27. Average annual tuition fees charged by tertiary-type A public2727Key findings from the 2011 edition of institutions for full-time national students (academic year 2008- USD 09) United States (70%, 29 910) 6000Education at a Glance Korea (71%, 10 109) 5000 United Kingdom1 (61%, 15 314) Japan (49%, 16 533), Australia (94%, 16 297), 4000 Canada (m, 24 384) This chart does not take into account grants, New Zealand (78%, 11 125) subsidies or loans that 3000Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 partially or fully offset the students’ tuition fees 2000 Netherlands (63%, 17 245) Portugal (84%, 10 373), Italy (50%, 9 556), 1000 Spain (46%, 13 928), Austria (54%, 15 081), Switzerland (41%, 23 284) Belgium (Fr. and Fl.) (m, m) 500 France (m, 14 945) Chart 0 Czech Republic (59%, 8 738), Denmark (55%, 17 634), Finland (69%, 15 402), Ireland (51%, 16 284), B5.2 Iceland (77%, 10 429), Mexico (35%, 7 504), Norway (77%, 18 942), Sweden (68%, 20 864) 1. Public institutions do not exist at this level of education and most students are enrolled in government-dependent private institutions.
  28. 28. 2828Key findings from the 2011 edition of Average tuition fees and proportion of students who benefit from public loans and/or scholarships/grants Tertiary-type A, public institutions, academic year 2008/09, national full-time students Bubble size shows 7000 graduation rates Group 2: Group 3: Potentially high financial barriersEducation at a Glance Average tuition fees charged by public institutions in USD Extensive and broadly uniform cost for entry to tertiary-type A United States 6000 across students, student sharing education, but also large public support systems somewhat less subsidies to students. developed. Japan 5000 4000 Australia Group 4: Group 1:Andreas Schleicher13 September 2011 3000 Relatively low financial barriers to No (or low) financial barriers New Zealand entry to tertiary education and relatively low subsidies for tertiary studies due to tuition fees and still a high level 2000 of student aid. Italy Netherlands Switzerland Spain 1000 Austria Belgium (Fl.) Sweden Belgium (Fr.) Finland Danemark 0 France Norway Mexico Iceland 1000 0 Chart B5.1 25 50 75 100 % of students who benefit from public loans AND/OR sholarships/grants
  29. 29. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 29 29B7.1 -4,000 -2,000 2,000 4,000 0Chart Switzerland using PPPs Spain In equivalent USD Denmark Belgium (Fl.) Portugal Belgium (Fr.) Germany Greece Netherlands Ireland Austria Japan Norway Australia France United Kingdom Korea Contribution of teaching time Difference with OECD average United States Contribution of teachers salary Contribution of instruction time Iceland Contribution of estimated class size Italy New Zealand Finland Slovenia Israel per upper secondary student (2008) Czech Republic Poland Hungary Turkey Estonia Contribution (in USD) of various factors to salary cost Chile
  30. 30. 3030Key findings from the 2011 edition of Relationships between performance in science and total science learning time (PISA 2006) Score More total learning time does not 600 necessarily mean better performance …Education at a Glance Finland 550 New Zealand Estonia Canada Switzerland Australia Netherlands Slovenia Japan Austria Belgium Germany Korea United Kingdom Czech Republic Hungary 500 Ireland Sweden France Denmark Poland Iceland United States Spain Russian Federation Luxembourg NorwayAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Slovak Republic Italy Portugal Greece Israel 450 Chile Turkey Mexico 400 Argentina Brazil Indonesia R²=0,02 350 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 Box D1.2 Total science learning time (hours per week)
  31. 31. Relationships between performance in science and relative learning3131Key findings from the 2011 edition of time in regular school science lessons (PISA 2006) (Share of learning hours in regular school lessons out of total science learning time) Score …while the higher the percentage of 600 students’ total learning time spentEducation at a Glance during normal school hours, the better countries perform. Finland 550 New Zealand Estonia Canada Japan Netherlands Australia Slovenia Germany Korea Austria United Kingdom Hungary Switzerland Belgium Czech Republic 500 Luxembourg Sweden Poland United States Norway Russian Federation France Denmark Spain Slovak Republic Iceland ItalyAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Greece Portugal 450 Israel Ireland Chile Turkey Mexico 400 Brazil Indonesia Argentina R²=0,50 350 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 Share of learning hours in regular school lessons out of total science learning time (%) Box D1.2
  32. 32. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 32 32 0 1 2 Spain Portugal Luxembourg KoreaChart D3.1 Germany Denmark Finland Belgium (Fl.) Scotland Ireland Belgium (Fr.) Australia France Estonia England Slovenia Netherlands OECD average educated workers Teachers’ pay Sweden latest available year) Israel Teachers fare better than tertiary- Poland Norway Italy Austria United States educated workers Czech Republic Iceland Hungary Teachers fare worse than tertiary- Slovak Republic full-time, full-year workers with tertiary education aged 25 to 64 (2009 or Ratio of salary after 15 years of experience/minimum training to earnings for
  33. 33. 3333Key findings from the 2011 edition ofEducation at a Glance Lifelong learning is becoming a reality… …but not for allAndreas Schleicher13 September 2011 Those who need it most get the least of it
  34. 34. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 34 34 500 0 2,000 2,500 1,000 1,500 Hours DenmarkChart C5.1 Sweden Finland Norway Austria Germany Belgium Switzerland OECD average Netherlands Czech Republic Estonia Slovak Republic Spain Canada All non-formal education United States Portugal Job-related non-formal education United Kingdom Korea formal education (2007) New Zealand Poland Slovenia Greece Italy Hungary Expected hours over the working life in all Turkey non-formal education and in job-related non-
  35. 35. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 35 35 20 40 60 80 120 140 100 0 C5.3 Hours of Chart instruction Denmark Hungary Belgium Austria Spain Norway Finland Portugal Not attained ISCED 3 Greece Poland OECD average Sweden Germany Netherlands Czech Republic Attained ISCED 3/4 Canada Switzerland TurkeySlovak Republic related non-formal education, Estonia by educational attainment (2007) United States Korea Attained ISCED 5/6 New ZealandUnited Kingdom Italy Hours of instruction per employed participant in job- Slovenia
  36. 36. 13 September 2011 Key findings from the 2011 edition of Andreas Schleicher Education at a Glance 36 36  More Information…www.oecd.org/edu/eag2011

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