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Zairil Khir Johari - Penang: Charting a sustainable future

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Zairil Khir Johari - Penang: Charting a sustainable future

  1. 1. An integrated and holistic plan to solve the main threats to Penang’s sustainable growth. Penang: Charting a Sustainable Future By Zairil Khir Johari 31 October 2019
  2. 2. • Leading secondary city in Malaysia. • Highest GDP per capita after Kuala Lumpur. • Historically a port economy, today: • Manufacturing (45% of GDP) • Assembly lines  advanced manufacturing, R&D • Services (49% of GDP) • UNESCO World Heritage Site • 2017: o RM8.6 billion FDI (highest in Malaysia) (€1.9 billion) o RM10.8 billion total investments (2nd in Malaysia) (€2.4 billion) o Total trade RM430 billion (€95 billion) o Total exports RM233 billion (€52 billion) The State of Penang
  3. 3. • Challenges: o Narrow roads o Sprawled city design o Traffic congestion o High motor vehicle use (3% public transport mode share) o Underdeveloped transport infrastructure o Land scarcity The State of Penang
  4. 4. 2009 2013 2015 Formation of Penang Transport Council (PTC). Halcrow study was adopted by Penang State Govt. Appointment of SRS Consortium as Project Delivery Partner (PDP) for PTMP. Appointment of PTC members for 5 years. 2014 Request for Proposal (RFP) by Penang State Govt. 2011 TMP Strategy study conducted by Halcrow. 2018 2016 Penang State Govt adoption of PTMP. Appointment of PTC members for 2 years. Penang Transport Master Plan Development Timeline
  5. 5. 4 5 Feasibility studies with engineering design to determine constructability Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (EIA & SIA) Traffic Impact studies A Transport Master Plan to achieve 60% private & 40% public transport mode share Cost benefit studies to determine economic viability of PTMP components. (not onductedby Halcrow) Funding model (PSR), including the Economic and Social Benefits Assessment of Penang’s growth engines 6 THE PTMP IS BASED ON: 1 2 3
  6. 6. SEBERANG PERAI Public Transport • George Town- Butterworth LRT • Line from Raja Uda to BM / Alma • BRT from Permatang Tinggi to Batu Kawan Highway & Road Network • Pan-Island Link 1, 2 & 2A • Persiaran Gurney- Lebuhraya LCE Bypass • Ayer Itam- Lebuhraya LCE Bypass • North Coastal Paired Road Highway & Road Network • NSE Link Road Interchanges • BKE IC • Juru IC Missing Links (local network) • Permatang Pasir – Perda • Bukit Minyak Penang Island to Mainland • George Town-Butterworth LRT • Undersea Tunnel Full-scale PTMP PENANG ISLAND Public Transport • Bayan Lepas LRT • Ayer Itam Line • Tg Tokong Line • Heritage Tram
  7. 7. 1The BL LRT will link George Town to the Penang International Airport, passing by a corridor with the highest trip demands (Komtar, Macallum, Jelutong, USM & Bayan Lepas Free Industrial Zone). 2This forms the main backbone for public transport. 3It also provides future connectivity of transport network within the island, and to mainland. Bayan Lepas LRT
  8. 8. Bayan Lepas LRT
  9. 9. KOMTAR Station – Magazine RoadBayan Lepas LRT
  10. 10. AIRPORT BAYANLEPAS FIZ 2ND BRIDGE ISLAND B ISLAND A ISLAND C Penang South Strategic location & high demand Strategic location of Penang South coast Near to FIZ, Penang International Airport. Synergy with existing Bayan Lepas LRT To sustain Penang’s primary growth engines E&E and Services sector (Tourism, Business Processes Outsourcing, etc). Best suited for reclamation Suitability of location for new land Natural embayment and shallow waters. LRT and PIL can be easily extended without need for new infrastructure.
  11. 11. PSR consists of 3 islands totaling 1,800 hectares. PSR will provide sufficient contiguous land mass required for long-term development (up to 50-year horizon), thereby relieving the need for hillside development. PSR will also moderate the escalation of land and property prices in Penang Island with controlled supply of new land and developments. Benefits Mitigate haphazard developments on the hilly central region. SIZE OF PENANG ISLAND 72,400 acres Available Development Land 16,800 acres Forest Reserve & Hills 35,200 acres Roads & Open areas 10,500 acres Public Amenities 5,300 acres Residential, Commercial & Industrial Areas 4,600 acres
  12. 12. Penang Island is short on land for safe development and new infrastructures, resulting in many risky ad-hoc hill slope developments. The George Town heritage zone is also under pressure, threatening overall quality of life. Shortage of land for affordable housing led to escalating property prices. Sustainable growth of Penang’s economic engines needed to attract and retain highly-skilled talents and entrepreneurs for the next 40 years. Tourism industry needs new attractions to move up its value chain. Catalyst for Penang’s Growth Engines Main economic engines of Penang are E&E, Tourism and other services. Global E&E industry is projected to grow 30% per annum. Penang needs to expand to meet next generation E&E trades- Internet of Things,artificial intelligence, 5G-enabled devices etc.
  13. 13. GREEN OPPORTUNITIES IN FLOOD MITIGATION
  14. 14. FLOOD MITIGATION INFRASTRUCTURE Penang: Total Water Security towards 2050 | YB Zairil Khir Johari | October 2019 | © PBAPP 2019. All rights reserved | Slide 14 of 16 • Existing infrastructure unable to cope with increase in rain intensity. • €100 million worth of flood mitigation projects since 2013. • Challenges: • Land constraints • Solutions very much conventional • Grey solutions • Pumps, flap gates • Drain widening, river channelisation Years Average Annual Rainfall Per Hour 1990 – 1999 31mm 2000 – 2009 146mm 2010 – 2018 180mm Table: Climate change has caused a six-fold increase in average rain intensity

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