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Jean-Marc Faurès
FAO Regional Office for the Near
East and North Africa
Innovations in
financing water for
food security a...
Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience
 The Arab Region: a case of
extreme water scarcity
 The ...
Innovations in financing water for food security
 The Arab region has the lowest per
capita fresh-water resource availabi...
Innovations in financing water for food security
Agricultural and food exports as shares in merchandise
exports and of foo...
Innovations in financing water for food security
GDP loss from climate change-induced water
scarcity
CLIMATE CHANGE HITTIN...
Innovations in financing water for food security
Low public spending for
agriculture
Innovations in financing water for food security
TITLE
EVOLVING INVESTMENTS
THREE STRATEGIC
DIRECTIONS
Innovations in financing water for food security
`
WATER ACCOUNTING:
You don’t manage what you don’t
measure
WAPOR can be ...
Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience
From self-sufficiency
to self reliance
How fruit and veget...
Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience
TITLE
SLIDE
PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
DIFFICULT BUT NECES...
Regional water scarcity initiative
 LAS + Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco,
Oman, Palestine, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen
...
Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience
 Not enough investments in
water in the Arab Region to
ad...
THANK YOU
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Presentation - Seventh Roundtable on Financing Agricultural Water - Jean Marc Faurès

Presentation - Seventh Roundtable on Financing Agricultural Water - Jean Marc Faurès, Regional Programme Leader (Near East), U.N. FAO

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Presentation - Seventh Roundtable on Financing Agricultural Water - Jean Marc Faurès

  1. 1. Jean-Marc Faurès FAO Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience The case of the Arab Region
  2. 2. Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience  The Arab Region: a case of extreme water scarcity  The need for new approaches  Good investments need to serve good policies  Examples of innovations and initiatives OUTLINE
  3. 3. Innovations in financing water for food security  The Arab region has the lowest per capita fresh-water resource availability of any region in the world (10% of the world average)  In the last 40 years, available fresh water has decreased by two-thirds.  By 2050, it is expected to decline a further 50 percent  7/10 most water scarce countries are in the Arab region  Agriculture consumes more than 80% of water resources THE ARAB REGION: EXTREME WATER STRESS Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of renewable freshwater resources (%) 1400
  4. 4. Innovations in financing water for food security Agricultural and food exports as shares in merchandise exports and of food imports in selected Arab countries TRADE DEPENDENCY Cereal import dependency ratio in selected Arab countries
  5. 5. Innovations in financing water for food security GDP loss from climate change-induced water scarcity CLIMATE CHANGE HITTING HARD Precipitation Change mm/Year <-10 -9.9 - -8 -7.9 - -6 -5.9 - -4 -3.9 - -2 -1.9 - 0 0.1 - 2 2.1 - 4 4.1 - 6 6.1 - 8 8.1 - 10 >10.1 RCP 8.5 – End of Century (2081– 2100) RCP 8.5 – Mid Century (2046 – 2065) RCP 8.5 RICCAR 2019 Projected changes in precipitation changes 2046-2065  WARMER TEMPERATURES  DECLINING RAINFALL
  6. 6. Innovations in financing water for food security Low public spending for agriculture
  7. 7. Innovations in financing water for food security TITLE EVOLVING INVESTMENTS
  8. 8. THREE STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS
  9. 9. Innovations in financing water for food security ` WATER ACCOUNTING: You don’t manage what you don’t measure WAPOR can be freely downloaded and integrated in national databases / information systems Systematic quantitative assessment of the status and trends in water supply, demand, distribution, accessibility and use in space and time Supply side issues:  The availability of rainfall, surface water, groundwater and unconventional water resources  Capacity, and condition of water supply, storage and treatment infrastructure Demand side issues:  Demands for water of different users  Extent to which demands are satisfied and sustainable  Patterns of consumptive or non-consumptive water use and return flows
  10. 10. Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience From self-sufficiency to self reliance How fruit and vegetables exports have allowed Morocco to drastically improve its agri-food trade balance. - 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Fruits and Vegetables Exports Cereals Imports Agrifood trade deficit
  11. 11. Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience TITLE SLIDE PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP DIFFICULT BUT NECESSARY Country Scheme Size [hectares] PPP model Farming activity Project costs Economic details Other details Morocco Guerdane 10,000 Design Build Operate Cash crops $85 m for infrastructure Gross irrigation Productivity: $1.0– $2.0/m3 (for 8,000 m3/ha) Water pricing: $0.15–$0.20/m3 Mauritania Nakhlet 27 Operation and management Rice NA Gross irrigation productivity $0.030/m3 Irrigation water value $0.015/m3 Price of the water service $0.002/m3 Village scheme/cooperative with 29 farmers Finances the cropping season with its working capital. Jordan Adasiyeh 400 Operation and management Citrus NA Gross irrigation productivity $2.72/m3 Irrigation water value $2.49/m3 (citrus) Price of the water service $0.021/m3 A successful experiment, whereby quotas were enforced and well respected as an alternative to the incumbent rotation of water distribution for water management. Saudi Arabia Business farms 2,000,000 NA Wheat, alfafa NA Government offered free land as part of a vast program of highly subsidized irrigated agriculture in 1980, including free groundwater, free credit, and a guaranteed purchase price of $1,000/ton of wheat. Program covered eight highly capitalistic business farmers; medium-sized farms, and traditional Bedu farms. Egypt Dina Farm 4,400 Concession wheat, berseem clover, alfalfa, corn, banana, tomato, potato, other vegetables Gross irrigation productivity $0.32/m3 (banana) Though an entirely private investment, the government of Egypt, provides a partly free groundwater supply at an estimated average of 20,000 m3/ha/ year
  12. 12. Regional water scarcity initiative  LAS + Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen  Policy: Joint Ministerial Council on Water and Agriculture (LAS)  Water Accounting for Strategic Planning of Water resources  Water conflict resolution (example of Yemen)  Groundwater governance (Morocco)  Investing in water harvesting (Jordan)  Decentralised water monitoring (Lebanon) FAO’s Regional Water Scarcity initiative is a driving force for high-level policy convergence and action across the region, combining technical know-how with innovation, policy dialogue and sound investment advice. SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS FOR A WATER-SCARCE REGION
  13. 13. Innovations in financing water for food security and resilience  Not enough investments in water in the Arab Region to address current and future challenges  A new generation of investments must accompany a new generation of policies  New focus, more complex investments addressing multiple objectives  Innovative approaches are being applied and deserve to be scaled-up CONCLUSION
  14. 14. THANK YOU

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