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Presentation by OECD at CBD COP13 on biodiversity and development, mainstreaming and managing for results


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Presentation at OECD side-event ‘Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Development’ at CBD COP 13: An overview of the ongoing OECD work on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results

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Presentation by OECD at CBD COP13 on biodiversity and development, mainstreaming and managing for results

  1. 1. Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results Megha SUD and Galina ALOVA Environment Directorate and Development Co-operation Directorate OECD side-event ‘Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Development’ 7 December 2016, CBD COP13, Cancún
  2. 2. • National level plans, programmes and strategies • Institutional issues • Data and information • National Budgets National Level • Economic and biodiversity linkages • Policy instruments Sector Level • Support to partner countries in mainstreaming • Mainstreaming within portfolios and operations Development Co-operation M&E • Indicators and baselines • Adaptive management Desk-based research: Australia Brazil China Colombia France India Mexico Myanmar Nepal Philippines South Africa Uganda In-depth case studies with in- country missions: Ethiopia Madagascar Peru Viet Nam Drawing on insights on mainstreaming from a broad range of countries Content and overview
  3. 3. Examples of good practice across countries at national level Brazil, Mexico: CONABIO Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity Uganda: working group for NBSAP revision  mandate renewed to mainstreaming biodiversity in National Development Plan Madagascar, Ethiopia: environmental units in various Ministries Peru: Close collaboration of Forestry Service, under Ministry of Agriculture, with Ministry of Environment France: National study on public subsides harmful to biodiversity (Sainteny, 2011). 3 Inter-ministerial platforms  Environment teams in all Ministries  Resolve overlapping mandates  National assessment of harmful incentives
  4. 4. 4 More examples related to budget and financing Expenditure reviews (e.g. BIOFIN countries) WAVES e.g. in Madagascar as an input in donor conference to attract investment in natural capital TEEB e.g. India, Brazil, and EFESE in France Peru: PIP Verde - Guidelines for public investment in biodiversity Collect data to identify financing gap  Valuation to build a case for biodiversity  Enabling environment for public & private investment Mainstreaming in budgets & private investment is strengthened by evidence-based case for financing biodiversity
  5. 5. Mainstreaming at sector level Policies should: • promote resource use efficiency • ensure prices reflect cost of environmental impacts • apply polluter pays principle or beneficiary pays principle • encourage participatory management of natural resources Good practice examples Agriculture • France and Viet Nam: Pesticides tax • Ethiopia: Community engagement in soil and water management Fisheries • Australia: Annual fisheries status reports provide an independent evaluation of biological, economic and environmental status of fish stocks • Peru: In 2009, IVQ system introduced for Peruvian anchovy 5Source: (OECD, forthcoming 2017) Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Management for Results
  6. 6. 6 Development finance remains a significant source of biodiversity financing Source: OECD Creditor Reporting System, November 2016 Increase in environment-related ODA to Ethiopia
  7. 7. 7 There is a potential for further mainstreaming in provider portfolios Source: OECD Creditor Reporting System, November 2016 Bilateral biodiversity-related ODA reached USD 8.7bn per year in 2014-15  6% of total bilateral ODA. Mainstreaming within top sector varies.
  8. 8. Type of Indicator Input Process Output Outcome/ Impact Integrate biodiversity in NDPs X Integrate biodiversity in sector plans X National Ecosystem Assessment X Assessment and removal of harmful subsidies (agriculture, fisheries, forestry) X assess X reform Type and number of policy instruments to address biodiversity externalities (e.g., taxes, fees, tradable permits, PES) X Amount of pesticide/fertiliser use per hectare X % of fish species over-exploited X X % change in primary forest loss X Biodiversity as % of overall ODA to sector, country, or in provider portfolio X % of development finance that jointly pursues objectives of biodiversity & other Rio Conventions X 8 Possible indicators to monitor mainstreaming
  9. 9. • South Africa: No. of tools developed for mainstreaming biodiversity & ecological infrastructure in production sectors & resource management • Ethiopia: Rate of annual conversion of habitats to agriculture • Viet Nam: % of important degraded ecosystems effectively recovered; rate of loss of natural forests and water surface area due to land-use conversion • In Australia, France, Mexico, development of indicators is an action in the NBSAP 9 Several NBSAPs refer to indicators to monitor progress towards mainstreaming
  10. 10. Key areas of OECD work on Biodiversity, Land Use and Ecosystems (BLUE) • Biodiversity Indicators, Valuation and Assessment • Economic Instruments, Incentives and Policies for Biodiversity • Biodiversity Finance, Development and Distributional Issues Recent and forthcoming work • Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results (OECD, forthcoming, 2017) • Overcoming Barriers to Effective Biodiversity Policy Reform (OECD, forthcoming 2017) • Biodiversity Offsets: Effective Design and Implementation (OECD, 2016) • Biodiversity and Development Co-operation (OECD DCD Working Paper No. 21, 2015) • NEW! Biodiversity-related Official Development Assistance 2015 (November 2016) Visit; biodiversity/ Project-level development finance data;;; 10 For further information and contact