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PPT Devi Ebtke - OECD Stakeholder Dialogue on Mobilising Clean Energy Finance and Investment, 8 November 2019

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Presentation from Devi Ebtke
OECD Stakeholder dialogue: Mobilising Clean Energy Finance and Investment
Joint OECD-Government of Indonesia (GoI) Workshop at the Indo EBTKE Conex 2019, 8 November, Jakarta

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PPT Devi Ebtke - OECD Stakeholder Dialogue on Mobilising Clean Energy Finance and Investment, 8 November 2019

  1. 1. @djebtkeLintas EBTKEwww.ebtke.esdm.go.id @djebtke Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources INDONESIA Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource November 8th 2019 ENERGY CONSERVATION INVESTMENT IN INDONESIA
  2. 2. Background
  3. 3. Energy Conservation Target and Strategy 10% 18% 51% 3% 18% 13% 18% 40% 5% 24% 2015 2025 41% 30% 15% 5% 9% 31% 36% 15% 5% 13% 2015 2025 ElectricityGas Oil Coal RE Final Energy Mix by Type of Energy Final Energy Mix by Sector Industry Transport Others Household Commercial Supply Energi Final 2015 - 2050 • Reduce energy intensity 1% per year up to 2025 • Reach energy elasticity < 1 on 2025 • Reduce final energy consumption by 17% on 2025 Target 2025 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2015 2025 2030 2050 JutaSBM BAU Scenario RUEN Scenario Target 2025 : 17% Target 2030 : 22% Target 2050 : 39% Energy Conservation Implemetation Strategy 1. Implement Mandatory Energy Management for Large Energy users ≥ 6.000 TOE; 2. Apply Energy Efficient Standard and Labeling on appliances; 3. Implement energy conservation in public sector as best practices; 4. Promote private sector investment in energy conservation; 5. Increease awareness on energy conservation; 6. Build capacity and technology transfer; 7. Implement monitoring, evaluation system in energy conservation. 3 Reference: -. Excluding Biomass -. Other sectorsincluding agriculture,constructionand mining Source: Handbook of Energy& EconomicStatisticsof Indonesia2017 Final Edition, KESDM
  4. 4. Energy Conservation Standards and Regulations 1982 • Presidential Regulation No. 9/1982 on Energy Conservation 1995 • National Master Plan on Energy Conservation, revised on 2005. 2007 • Law No. 30/2007 on Energy 2009 • Government Regulation No.70/2009 on Energy Conservation 2011 • Presidential Regulation No. 61/2011 National Action Plan on GHG Emission Reduction; • National Standard SNI : 6196:2011 on Energy Audit Procedure on Building; • National Standard SNI : 6197:2011 on Energy Conservation on Lighting System; • National Standard SNI : 6389-2011 on Energy Conservation on Building Envelope; • National Standards SNI : 6390-2011 on Energy Conservation for Air Conditioning on Building 2012 • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 13/2012 on Electricity Saving; • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 14/2012 on Energy Management; • Ministry EMR Regulation ESDM No. 15/2012 tentang Ground Water Saving; • Governor Jakart Regulation No. 38/ 2012 on Green Building • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 01/2013 on Fuel Usage Control2013 2014 • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 18/2014 on Energy Efficiency Labeling for CFL; • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 19/2014 on Electricity Billing Price by PLN; • Government Regulation No. 79/2014 on National Energy Policy. 2015 • Presidential Regulation No. 38/2015 on PPP for Government Infrastructure Projects (including energy conservation); • Ministry EMR Regulation No. 7/2015 on MEPS and EE labeling for AC; • Ministry of Labor Regulation No. 80/2015 on Standard of Competency for Energy Manager in Industry and Building; • Ministry of Public Works and Housing Regulation No. 02/PRT/M/2015 on Green Building 2017 • Presidential Regulation No. 22/2017 on National Energy Planning • MEMR Reg. No. 57/2017 MEPS Implementation and Energy Saving Label for AC 4 2018 • SNI ISO:817-2018 on Refrigerant: Names and Safety Classifications • SNI 6500-2018 on Fixed Installation Refrigeration System: Safety and Environmental Requirement • SNI 8476-2018 on Performance Testing and Evaluation Method for Chillers using Steam Vapor Compression System • Minister of Manpower Decree No. 53/2018 on Establishment of Indonesian National Working Competency Standard for Energy Audit
  5. 5. Final Energy Consumption 5 Final Energy Mix by Sector 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Lainnya 25 25 22 27 34 31 29 33 20 21 16 Transportasi 186 210 230 278 330 341 343 309 340 362 391 Komersial 27 28 30 33 36 38 39 41 39 41 42 Rumah Tangga 84 81 82 85 92 100 106 111 115 120 128 Industri 276 260 306 331 327 239 246 266 223 237 291 - 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.000 JutaSBM Industri Rumah Tangga Komersial Transportasi Lainnya 34% 15% 5% 45% 2% Industri Rumah Tangga Komersial Transportasi Lainnya 2008 2008 2013
  6. 6. Energy Intensity 6 Reference: -. Excluding Biomass -. Other sectorsincluding agriculture,constructionand mining Source: Handbook of Energy& EconomicStatisticsof Indonesia2017 Final Edition, KESDM 157 165 161 150 144 145 135 135 141 98 104 106 92 89 85 78 79 83 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 BOE/BillionIDR Primary Energy Intensity Final Energy Intensity Linear (Primary Energy Intensity) Linear (Final Energy Intensity) GR No.79 Tahun 2014 on National Energy Policy Energy Intensity id an amount of total energy consumption per unit gross domestic product
  7. 7. Energy Saving Potential 7 Reference: -. Excluding Biomass -. Other sectorsincluding agriculture,constructionand mining Source: Handbook of Energy& EconomicStatisticsof Indonesia2017 Final Edition, KESDM
  8. 8. Cascading of Energy Conservation OUTCOME PROGRAM Energy Audit on Industry and Building Energy Audit & Investment Grade Audit Energy Management System Implementation Energy Management System Efficiency Technology Implementation EE Technology Implementation and SNI on Appliances Awareness & EE Socialization Public Awareness Potential Energy Saving 5-10 % EE Funding Incentive & Disincentive OUTPUT Energy Efficiency onDemand Side Industrial Sector Energy Saving Potential 10%(23,2 JutaSBM) Commercial Sector Energy Saving Potential 10%(4,2 Juta SBM) Household Sector Energy Saving Potential 15%(18 JutaSBM) Transportation Sector Energy Saving Potential 15% (54,3Juta SBM) - Reduce final energy consumption by 17% - Reduce energy intensity 1% per year - Reach energy elasticity < 1 EconomicGrowth and Competitiiveness Energy Security Climate Change IMPACT Energy Efficiency on Supply Side Energy Saving Potential 1% (5,4 Juta SBM) Generation Sector EE Standard (Label/ MEPS) AC & CFL EE Standard and Label
  9. 9. Energy Conservation Programs
  10. 10. Energy Conservation on Utilization Side Government Regulation No. 70/2009 Article 12 10 1. appointing energy manager; 2. formulating energy conservation program; 3. applying energy audit regularly; 4. implementing energy audit recommendation; 5. reporting the implementation of energy conservation to the Government. Obligates to energy users > 6,000 TOE* per annum to apply energy management by: *) 6000 TOE equivalent to 251,400 giga joule (GJ) or 69,780 mega watt hour (MWh).
  11. 11. Distribution of Energy Users consume ≥ 6000 TOE per Annum 11
  12. 12. Energy Manager and Auditor in Industries and Buildings 12
  13. 13. LABELING ON HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES 13
  14. 14. ENERGY EFFICIENT STREET LIGHTING 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Target Products for MEPS & Labelling 16
  17. 17. Investment
  18. 18. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources – Republic of Indonesia 18
  19. 19. INVESTMENT IMPLEMENTATION Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources – Republic of Indonesia 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Energy Saving from POME (Pelaporan Online Management Energy)/ Energy Management Online Reporting 22 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Number of Participant 15 23 87 104 141 123 Saving (MWh) 52 68 270 7765 8262 8771 15 23 87 104 141 123 52 68 270 7765 8262 8771 POME REPORTING NUMBER OF PERTICIPANT VS ENERGY SAVING EE Investment Tahun 2018 Energy Saving 8.771 GWh Emission Reduction 2.634.113 Ton CO2 eq Equal to Develop new Power Plant 1.090 MW eq** 1 USD equal to 14,400 IDR **power plant operation hours : 8040 hours per annum Equal to Saving Cost for Energy Rp 24,05/kWh Equal to Cost of CO2 Reduction Rp 300 per kg CO2 eqAction
  23. 23. Challenges
  24. 24. Some consideration that create the issues on EE Implementation are :  Knowledge gap between banks and industries as industries are not aware of the financing aspects of their EE project and Obtaining loans or funds for EE in local bank is often complicated process  Incentive hasn’t been given yet  No Project Financing scheme for EE Project  ESCO has very limited budget, long Payback period  Financial institutions have limited confidence in the ESCO market and The concept of energy performance contracting is relatively new in Indonesia  Facility managers have limited awareness on EE benefits causing limited interest in funding EE projects and also consideration of its intangibility EE output Energy Efficiency Investment Challanges
  25. 25. What next to do ?? • Strengthen and Harmonizing Policy and Regulation to support EE in Indonesia • Incentive can be given to accelerate EE project and reduce the project risk • EE project need funding support from the government and private sector • Implement EE pilot project with project financing scheme • Funding support can be applied in exsisting institution (PT SMI and BDP LH) • International financial institution should support EE project with easy procedure • Conduct targeted awareness raising and stakeholder knowledge exchange activities. Dedicated trainings oriented towards their role in EE financing and focus areas. • Streamline approval process and establish standard documentations for financial institutions for EE funding
  26. 26. 26 Thank You

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