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Parallel Session A - Presentation by René von Schomberg


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Parallel Session A - Presentation by René von Schomberg

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Parallel Session A - Presentation by René von Schomberg

  1. 1. 1 Dr. Dr.phil René von Schomberg* *The views expressed here are those of the author and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission Presentation is based on AMONG OTHER: 'A vision of Responsible Research and Innovation' in: In: R. Owen, M.Heintz and J .Bessant (eds.) Responsible Innovation. London: John Wiley, 2013,
  2. 2. Defining RRI (von Schomberg, 2011) Responsible Research and Innovation is a transparent, interactive process by which societal actors and innovators become mutually responsive to each other with a view to the (ethical) acceptability, sustainability and societal desirability of the innovation process and its (marketable) outcomes and impacts IMPLICATIONS -FROM ELSA-Research to Normative Design of Tech -From Technology Assessment to stakeholder commitment to socially desirable objectives
  3. 3. Passarola- 'Ugly bird' "A machine for sailing through the air" 1702
  4. 4. Benefits: 'Manage 200 leagues a day' 'Bring far away countries news and orders' 'The furthermost regions will be discovered, to the Portuguese nation's benefit' Risks: 'many crimes will be committed, as (…) to easily flee from one country to another' Recommendation to the king: "its use will have to be limited"
  5. 5. Technical inventions vs. innovation RESPONSIBLE CONTROL/USE RESPONSIBLE MARKETING Responsible governor: central control agent Restricted use Benefit for the state Moral constraint of governor • "Loss of control agent" • Democratization of use/privatization of production • Market-competition for 'benefit of all'-market-success • Market hurdles
  6. 6. Innovation vs. Responsible Innovation MARKET-BASED INNOVATION RESPONSIBLE INNOVATION State responsibility for risks Macro-economic assessment: 'infinite growth' steer less, inherently good 'the faster, the better' Technology-oriented R&D State responsibility for `right' impacts of R&I Economic and societal impact of 'knowledge'': 'sustained growth' responsive to basic needs, reflect basic values Innovation is 'managed' Issue-oriented R&I
  7. 7. Responsible Development of Tech vs Responsible Innovation Responsible Development Responsible Innovation  Identification and management of ethical, legal, and societal implications  Incorporation of safety evaluation of nanomaterial into the product life cycle and allocation of  Budgets for identification and study of risks  Identification of knowledge gaps and regulatory needs  Involvement of stakeholders and engagement in international dialogue  Key-tech focussed  Anticipatory Governance  Deliberative Governance: Early policy responsive and stakeholder commitment  Ethics of Co-Responsibility  Ethics as a driving force ('privacy by design' etc)  Mid-stream modulation  Driving innovation 'societal desirable ends'- Innovation partnerships  Societal objective focussed: whatever it takes as 'means': multitech-social innovation etc
  8. 8. FEATURES OF RESPONSIBLE RESEARCH AND INNOVATION Product dimension: addressing normative anchor points Process dimension: deliberative democracy Institutionalization of Technology Assessment and Foresight Use of Code of Conducts Application of the precautionary principle; on-going risk assessment; on-going monitoring Ensuring market accountability: Use of Standards, Certification schemes, Labels Use of demonstration projects: from risk to innovation governance 'Ethics' as a design principle for technology Normative models for governance Ongoing Public debate: Moderating "Policy Pull and Technology Push"
  9. 9. Irresponsible Innovation Technology Push: GMOs (Rathenau-Rathenau: Ag. Biotech consensual among stakeholders….) Policy Pull: biometrics (visa), 'body scanner' etc Neglectance of basic principles: EPD, Smart-meters etc. Lack of Foresight and Precaution: Asbestos-see 'late lessons from early warning'
  10. 10. m Thanks for your attention! On Implementing RRI: leave your comments please