GLOBAL FORUM ON ENVIRONMENT:
PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS MANAGEMENT
THROUGH EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY
Action to...
Keidanren VoluntaryAction Plan on the Environment
Keidanren formulated the “Voluntary Action Plan” on environmental measur...
1. Policies and measures should be tailored to national / regional
circumstances and characteristic of products.
2. Each s...
Overview of the Home Appliance Recycling Act
Waste
generation
Collectionand
transportation
Recyclingand
others
Waste gener...
Home Appliances Recycling Process
■General Recycling Process of Air Conditioners
At a carry-in entrance of a home
applianc...
Environmentally Conscious Design for Electric Home Appliances in Japan(Mainly Recycling)
■Material indicators for plastic ...
Amount of four items of home appliances
Estimated waste home appliance flows(FY2012)
From
households
and firms
(incl.
leas...
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Panel 5 h kikuchi (keidanren, japan business fed) japan's home appliance recycling act

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Panel 5 h kikuchi (keidanren, japan business fed) japan's home appliance recycling act

  1. 1. GLOBAL FORUM ON ENVIRONMENT: PROMOTING SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS MANAGEMENT THROUGH EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY Action to Home Appliance Recycling Act of Japan Hideaki Kikuchi Member of Working Group on Waste Management and Recycling Commitee on Environment and Safety KEIDANREN June 19, 2014
  2. 2. Keidanren VoluntaryAction Plan on the Environment Keidanren formulated the “Voluntary Action Plan” on environmental measures for wastes and has advanced industry efforts by conducting follow-upsurvey every year. Keidanren set a new target in December 2010 to "reduce the 2015 industrialwaste treatmentamount to a level of 65% of 2000 (about 89% of 1990)". The final disposal volume of industrialwaste in fiscal 2012 was the level of decrease by about 74.8% compared to that in fiscal 2000 (about 92.2% of 1990). Along with the target of industrial waste treatmentreduction,industries also have reduced the environmentalburden throughout product life cycles for building a sound material-cyclesociety . In particular,industry segments(Electricaland Electronics,glass, rubber, automobile and so on) have developedand sold the products of design for environment such as reduction quantity/volume,design for easy recycling. Keidanren Fundamental Perspectives in the Environmental Issue Responding to climate change and overcoming environmental and resource restrictions are inescapable issues in achieving sustainabledevelopmentfor the global economy. Utilizing its world-leadingenvironmental and energy technologies,Japan must contributeto create low-environmental-impactsocieties both domestically and internationally,by means including lower CO2 emissions, recycling,and coexistence with nature.
  3. 3. 1. Policies and measures should be tailored to national / regional circumstances and characteristic of products. 2. Each stakeholder (not only producers but also the central/ local governments and consumers) must play a responsible role respectively so that the initiative as a whole society will be optimised. 3. Discussions should be focused on not only legal and regulatory frameworks but also voluntary action and easing of regulations. Therefore, the best practices can be shared globally. The Japanese business community is determined to contribute to the revision of the OECD's guidance manual. Expectations towards the OECD
  4. 4. Overview of the Home Appliance Recycling Act Waste generation Collectionand transportation Recyclingand others Waste generators(consumersand others) ●Proper transfer and Paying the costsof collection and recycling Municipalities manufacturersand importers Designatedbodies Retailer ●Obligation to collect (i)Designated appliances that the retailers sold (ii)Designated appliances that retailers are requested to collect by customers who buy new appliances to replace them ●Obligation to transfer Targetedproducts under Home Appliance Recycling Act: Air conditioners TV Electric washing machines and clothes dryers Electric refrigerators and freezers ●Obligation to collect (i)Unavailability of obligated entities (ii)Contracting-out by small- and mid-sized manufacturers circumstance in the way of used item(re-useor import) Municipalities Source: Waste and Recycling Subcommitte e(2014/5/20) /Committee on industrial Science and Technology Policy and Environment /Industrial Structure Council, partial modification. ・364 designated collection sites ・49 recycling plants Designated appliances manufactured or imported ●Recycling obligation to achieve the statutory recycling targets
  5. 5. Home Appliances Recycling Process ■General Recycling Process of Air Conditioners At a carry-in entrance of a home appliance recycling plant: Indoor and outdoor units are loaded in cargo containers. Refrigerantfluorocarbons are recovered by dedicated equipment. Recovered fluorocarbons will be destructed at designated treatment facilities. Major components of outdoor units such as printed circuit boards, compressors, and heat exchangers are manually removed after recovering Removed heat exchangers: They will be also recycled to materials. 〔Source: Association for Electric Home Appliances Homepage (as of June, 2014)〕
  6. 6. Environmentally Conscious Design for Electric Home Appliances in Japan(Mainly Recycling) ■Material indicators for plastic parts Indicator: >PS-HI FR(17)< Meaning: High-impact polystyrene (PS-HI) containing a flame retardant with a combination of aromatic bromine compound and antimony compound (FR(17)) Indicates that refrigerant and refrigerant oil can be effectively recoveredfrom the compressor’s refrigerant charging pipe if the refrigerator is laid down on its right side ■Example marking locations for the direction of the compressor’s refrigerant charging pipe Implementation of Recycling workshop Dismantling by planners and designers themselves Evaluation of empirical results and feedback to the design Identification of issues and measures in dismantling of equipment
  7. 7. Amount of four items of home appliances Estimated waste home appliance flows(FY2012) From households and firms (incl. leasing/ rental firms) 17,020,000 Collected by retailers 984,0000 Movers 730,000 Recycled by the Manufacturers 1,134,0000 Collected by construction scrappers 440,000 Collected by local governments 168,000 Collected by scrappers 1,290,0000 Managed as municipalwaste by local governments 55,000 Sold for reuse 4,240,0000 flea market 1,460,000 illegal dump 117,000 reuse by secondhand dealers (within Japan) 1,350,000 onlineauction 50,000 reuse by secondhand dealers (Abroad) 1,380,000 Abroad 1,380,000 scrap in Abroad 1,370,000 scrap within Japan 20,000 Collected by secondhand dealers 2,650,0000 Collected with the truck 1,750,000 free pickup area 900,000 Collected by secondhand dealers 1,490,000 Exported by scrap exporter Recycled by licensed waste disposers 200,0000 product scrap Source: Waste and Recycling Subcommittee(2014/5/20)/Committeeon industrial Science and Technology Policy and Environment /Industrial Structure Council

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