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Romania: how implementationof the EU
water acquis has triggered the change of
WSS provision
Gheorghe Constantin
Romanian Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forests
International Workshop “Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of WSS
provision”
15 June 2021
Targets of Regionalization
• Limitation of political involvment in the supply of water and
wastewater services
• Regional Operator as the mechanism for provision of service to
small communities
• Availability of more similar companies for benchmarking
comparisons
Overall target – to provide that 2600 localities of more than 2000
p.e. meet 2018 targets
Advantages of regionalization
• Improved technical capacity
• Improved financial capacity
• Improved lending capability
• Improved investment planning
• Optimization of available resources
• Capacity to operate of existing regional systems
• Capability to meet EU W & WW Directive
• Tariffs leverage around the region
Counties and basin areas operated by ROCs
Regionalization of water supply and waste water collection and
treatment services
TypeofWSSoperators %Connectedto
waterservices
Populationserved
withpipedwater
%Connectedto
sewageservices
Populationserved
withpiped
sanitation
Regionaloperators 71.64 9 million 70.82 6.9million
Largeprivateoperators(mixedcapital
companies)inBucharestinPloiesti
15.33 2 million 20.11 1.7million
Othersmalllocalprivateoperators 2.60 0.1million 1.81 n.a.
Municipaloperatorsorganizedasdepartmentsor
publiccompanies
10.42 1.5million 7.26 0.9million
TotalpopulationservedbyWSSproviders 12.6milliom 9.5million
Current status of water operators in Romania Source: ANRSC
9
Per capita cumulative additional expenditures by 2030:
BAU + Compliance + efficiency
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
Greece
Lithuania
Estonia
Hungary
Finland
Latvia
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Poland
Portugal
Germany
France
Sweden
Belgium
Malta
Denmark
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Slovakia
Netherlands
Spain
Cyprus
Croatia
Ireland
Bulgaria
Romania
BAU
Compliance and efficiency WS
Compliance WW
EUR
Luxembourg:
EUR 2928 (BAU: 2782;
WS:146; WW: 0)
Source:
OECD
analysis
based
on
European
Commission
and
Eurostat
data
10
Total cumulative additional expenditures by 2030: BAU + Compliance +
efficiency
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000
Estonia
Malta
Lithuania
Latvia
Slovenia
Cyprus
Finland
Greece
Hungary
Czech Republic
Denmark
Luxembourg
Croatia
Slovakia
Portugal
Austria
Sweden
Ireland
Belgium
Bulgaria
Netherlands
Poland
France
Germany
United Kingdom
Romania
Spain
Italy
BAU
Compliance and efficiency WS
Compliance WW
million
EUR
Source:
OECD
analysis
based
on
European
Commission
and
Eurostat
data
11
Ways forward - Share of WSS expenditures in households’ disposable
income
2011-15
annual
average
Note: Lack of household
expenditure data for
Croatia and Sweden.
Source: OECD analysis
based on EUROSTAT
(household expenditures
and income data)
Challenges
• Increase of the financing needs for water infrastructure–from 13.5
billions (2004) to 24 billions (2018)
• Decrease in the workforce for projects implementation
• Tendering legislation
• IAS
Main achievements in the water sector from 1990 to
2017 (1)
• Improved service coverage. About EUR 7 billion were invested in the water and
wastewater infrastructure over the past 20 years; due to this, about 12.6 million
people benefit of water and sanitation services provided by large water utilities;
• Regionalised water services. Regionalisation policy, as mechanism for provision
of service to smaller communities, is largely in place; there are currently 43 ROCs
that replaced hundreds of small and inefficient operators since 2007 and serve
approx. 10 million population today; this has led to operational
streamlining/efficiency improvements, reliable service contracts, and consistent
tariff reforms;
• Environmental compliance. Significant progress is recorded in meeting EU water
and wastewater Directives through on-going investments and reforms;
compliance with EU water standards is met in larger urban agglomerations, with a
positive impact on the environment and population’s health Romania Water
Main achievements in the water sector from
1990 to 2017 (2)
• Long term investment planning prepared at regional level, including multi-
annual tariff policies is in place (not available before);
• New financing model. Co-financings loans by IFIs are mostly structured as
utility loans, without state or municipal guarantees; about half of ROCs
benefit of this lending model.
• Improved financial and management performance is recognised in the
water sector in relation with optimisation of resources and improved
lending capability;
• Benchmarking programme. With EBRD’s support, a benchmarking
programme was implemented with 43 ROCs as participants; the
programme is now successfully continued by the Romanian Water
Association (“ARA”).
Remaining gaps in the water sector
• Intra-regional disparities. Compliance gap. The disparities between the
urban and rural areas in Romania are huge; while larger municipalities are
nearing compliance with EU standards, smaller communities (mainly in the
rural areas), are considerably lagging behind
• Funding Gap. Unsustainable funding Strategy. Further capital investments
are needed in the water sector, roughly estimated at minimum EUR 22 bn.,
as many smaller agglomerations do not benefit of water services at EU
standards
• Sustainability/Asset Management Planning. There is need for long-term
asset management in place, and the infrastructure built with significant EU
and other public funds would quickly deteriorate if no action is taken
• Enhanced regionalisation policy to take into account new realities and
lessons learned from implementation of large investment programmes
WWS Strategy Pillars
• Upgrading the institutional framework
• Guaranteeing affordable access to quality WSS services
• Ensuring environmental compliance
• Promoting efficient WSS utilities
• Closing the financial gap
• Moving towards a more resilient WSS sector
Future consolidation in the water sector
Thank you for
your attention!

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Joint workshop on Enhancing efficiency and sustainability of Water Supply and Sanitation presentation - Gheorghe Constantin

  • 1. Romania: how implementationof the EU water acquis has triggered the change of WSS provision Gheorghe Constantin Romanian Ministry of Environment, Waters and Forests International Workshop “Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of WSS provision” 15 June 2021
  • 2.
  • 3. Targets of Regionalization • Limitation of political involvment in the supply of water and wastewater services • Regional Operator as the mechanism for provision of service to small communities • Availability of more similar companies for benchmarking comparisons Overall target – to provide that 2600 localities of more than 2000 p.e. meet 2018 targets
  • 4. Advantages of regionalization • Improved technical capacity • Improved financial capacity • Improved lending capability • Improved investment planning • Optimization of available resources • Capacity to operate of existing regional systems • Capability to meet EU W & WW Directive • Tariffs leverage around the region
  • 5.
  • 6. Counties and basin areas operated by ROCs
  • 7. Regionalization of water supply and waste water collection and treatment services
  • 8. TypeofWSSoperators %Connectedto waterservices Populationserved withpipedwater %Connectedto sewageservices Populationserved withpiped sanitation Regionaloperators 71.64 9 million 70.82 6.9million Largeprivateoperators(mixedcapital companies)inBucharestinPloiesti 15.33 2 million 20.11 1.7million Othersmalllocalprivateoperators 2.60 0.1million 1.81 n.a. Municipaloperatorsorganizedasdepartmentsor publiccompanies 10.42 1.5million 7.26 0.9million TotalpopulationservedbyWSSproviders 12.6milliom 9.5million Current status of water operators in Romania Source: ANRSC
  • 9. 9 Per capita cumulative additional expenditures by 2030: BAU + Compliance + efficiency 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Greece Lithuania Estonia Hungary Finland Latvia Czech Republic Slovenia Poland Portugal Germany France Sweden Belgium Malta Denmark Austria United Kingdom Italy Slovakia Netherlands Spain Cyprus Croatia Ireland Bulgaria Romania BAU Compliance and efficiency WS Compliance WW EUR Luxembourg: EUR 2928 (BAU: 2782; WS:146; WW: 0) Source: OECD analysis based on European Commission and Eurostat data
  • 10. 10 Total cumulative additional expenditures by 2030: BAU + Compliance + efficiency 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 Estonia Malta Lithuania Latvia Slovenia Cyprus Finland Greece Hungary Czech Republic Denmark Luxembourg Croatia Slovakia Portugal Austria Sweden Ireland Belgium Bulgaria Netherlands Poland France Germany United Kingdom Romania Spain Italy BAU Compliance and efficiency WS Compliance WW million EUR Source: OECD analysis based on European Commission and Eurostat data
  • 11. 11 Ways forward - Share of WSS expenditures in households’ disposable income 2011-15 annual average Note: Lack of household expenditure data for Croatia and Sweden. Source: OECD analysis based on EUROSTAT (household expenditures and income data)
  • 12.
  • 13. Challenges • Increase of the financing needs for water infrastructure–from 13.5 billions (2004) to 24 billions (2018) • Decrease in the workforce for projects implementation • Tendering legislation • IAS
  • 14. Main achievements in the water sector from 1990 to 2017 (1) • Improved service coverage. About EUR 7 billion were invested in the water and wastewater infrastructure over the past 20 years; due to this, about 12.6 million people benefit of water and sanitation services provided by large water utilities; • Regionalised water services. Regionalisation policy, as mechanism for provision of service to smaller communities, is largely in place; there are currently 43 ROCs that replaced hundreds of small and inefficient operators since 2007 and serve approx. 10 million population today; this has led to operational streamlining/efficiency improvements, reliable service contracts, and consistent tariff reforms; • Environmental compliance. Significant progress is recorded in meeting EU water and wastewater Directives through on-going investments and reforms; compliance with EU water standards is met in larger urban agglomerations, with a positive impact on the environment and population’s health Romania Water
  • 15. Main achievements in the water sector from 1990 to 2017 (2) • Long term investment planning prepared at regional level, including multi- annual tariff policies is in place (not available before); • New financing model. Co-financings loans by IFIs are mostly structured as utility loans, without state or municipal guarantees; about half of ROCs benefit of this lending model. • Improved financial and management performance is recognised in the water sector in relation with optimisation of resources and improved lending capability; • Benchmarking programme. With EBRD’s support, a benchmarking programme was implemented with 43 ROCs as participants; the programme is now successfully continued by the Romanian Water Association (“ARA”).
  • 16. Remaining gaps in the water sector • Intra-regional disparities. Compliance gap. The disparities between the urban and rural areas in Romania are huge; while larger municipalities are nearing compliance with EU standards, smaller communities (mainly in the rural areas), are considerably lagging behind • Funding Gap. Unsustainable funding Strategy. Further capital investments are needed in the water sector, roughly estimated at minimum EUR 22 bn., as many smaller agglomerations do not benefit of water services at EU standards • Sustainability/Asset Management Planning. There is need for long-term asset management in place, and the infrastructure built with significant EU and other public funds would quickly deteriorate if no action is taken • Enhanced regionalisation policy to take into account new realities and lessons learned from implementation of large investment programmes
  • 17. WWS Strategy Pillars • Upgrading the institutional framework • Guaranteeing affordable access to quality WSS services • Ensuring environmental compliance • Promoting efficient WSS utilities • Closing the financial gap • Moving towards a more resilient WSS sector
  • 18. Future consolidation in the water sector
  • 19. Thank you for your attention!