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ENHANCING SUSTAINABILITY AND EFFICIENCY OF WSS PROVISION
International Workshop
Tuesday 15-16 June 2021 via ZOOM
CHALLENGES TO ENSURE SUSTAINABLE
WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN RURAL BULGARIA
Water Management Directorate
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND WATER
BULGARIA
Content:
Management of WSS systems and investment
EU Water Directives: quality of WSS service and concerns
Difficulties and ways forward
2
1.
2.
3.
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
Directives with highest influence to WSS sector
 UWWTD (Directive 91/271/EEC concerning urban waste water
treatment )
 DWD (Directive (EU) 2020/2184 on the quality of water intended
for human consumption (recast))
 WFD (Directive 2000/60/EC establishing a framework for the
Community action in the field of water policy)
 Bathing Water Directive (Directive 2006/7/EC concerning the
management of bathing water quality)
 Nitrate Directive (Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the
protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from
agricultural sources)
3
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
Sustainable WSS operators – sustainable projects
1 Region – 1 WSS Association - 1 WSS operators – 1 price for
water services – National Regulator
 Public ownership of the WSS facilities for public services
 Management and relations - contract between parties
 Planning and development on regional level
 Regional Feasibility Studies
 Investments
4
Investment needs for water supply and sewage (WSS)
 In 2019 - Regional Feasibility studies (RFS) in 15 regions -
over EUR 3,72 billion
 In 2019 – in 13 regions - no up-to-date investment needs
5
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
• Collecting taxes for raw water use and discharge into surface waters
• Collecting fines for incompliance with the national legislation;
• Providing financial support to municipalities for construction or
reconstruction of WSS
Enterprise for management of environmental protection activities
Loans
National budget
6
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
EU funding
• Water Supply and Sewage – agglomerations above 10 000 p.e.
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
28 regions in Bulgaria - 28 WSS Associations
Consolidation process
Regions and Regional Feasibility Studies
7
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
 Drinking water resources and alternative resources
 quality
 quantity
 Individual and other appropriate systems (IAS)
 Sewerage discharged to rivers without treatment
 Sludge treatment, monitoring and re-use of sludge
 Investments in WSS for rural areas
8
9
87%
13%
332 agglomerations (2020)
Generated load – 7 060 902 PE
Агломерации над 10 000 е.ж. (107 бр.)
Agglomerations between 2 000 and 10 000 pe – 13% GL (233
aggl.)
Agglomerations over 10 000 pe – 87 % GL (99 aggl.)
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
Urban Waste Water Treatment
 Setting priorities - starting with biggest
agglomerations (generated load) and with highest
impact on water bodies
 Emission standards for UWWTP in rural areas and IAS
 Good status in small rivers
Summary
10
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria
Management of WSS systems and investment
EU Water Directives: quality of WSS service and concerns
Difficulties and ways forward
1.
2.
3.
• EU legislation has been transposed into Bulgarian legislation
• There is visible progress in compliance
• For several years the process of consolidation is almost completed
• The investment needs are assessed and planned on the basis
of consolidated areas
• EU funds are the main source of investments in the WSS systems
• The available national resources in Bulgaria support in priority WSS projects
• Basic difficulties are related to the need of investments
• We look for sustainable WSS operators and projects and
prioritization of investments
http://www.moew.government.bg/
https://www.moew.government.bg/bg/vodi/opazvane-na-
vodite-ot-zamursyavane/kanalizacionni-sistemi/dokladi/
https://www.moew.government.bg/bg/vodi/planove-za-
upravlenie/planove-za-upravlenie-na-rechnite-basejni-
purb/planove-za-upravlenie-na-rechnite-basejni-2016-2021-g/
11
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
БЛАГОДАРЯ ЗА ВНИМАНИЕТО!
Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural
Bulgaria

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Joint workshop on Enhancing efficiency and sustainability of Water Supply and Sanitation presentation - Boryana Georgieva

  • 1. ENHANCING SUSTAINABILITY AND EFFICIENCY OF WSS PROVISION International Workshop Tuesday 15-16 June 2021 via ZOOM CHALLENGES TO ENSURE SUSTAINABLE WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN RURAL BULGARIA Water Management Directorate MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND WATER BULGARIA
  • 2. Content: Management of WSS systems and investment EU Water Directives: quality of WSS service and concerns Difficulties and ways forward 2 1. 2. 3. Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria
  • 3. Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria Directives with highest influence to WSS sector  UWWTD (Directive 91/271/EEC concerning urban waste water treatment )  DWD (Directive (EU) 2020/2184 on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast))  WFD (Directive 2000/60/EC establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy)  Bathing Water Directive (Directive 2006/7/EC concerning the management of bathing water quality)  Nitrate Directive (Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources) 3
  • 4. Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria Sustainable WSS operators – sustainable projects 1 Region – 1 WSS Association - 1 WSS operators – 1 price for water services – National Regulator  Public ownership of the WSS facilities for public services  Management and relations - contract between parties  Planning and development on regional level  Regional Feasibility Studies  Investments 4
  • 5. Investment needs for water supply and sewage (WSS)  In 2019 - Regional Feasibility studies (RFS) in 15 regions - over EUR 3,72 billion  In 2019 – in 13 regions - no up-to-date investment needs 5 Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria
  • 6. • Collecting taxes for raw water use and discharge into surface waters • Collecting fines for incompliance with the national legislation; • Providing financial support to municipalities for construction or reconstruction of WSS Enterprise for management of environmental protection activities Loans National budget 6 Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria EU funding • Water Supply and Sewage – agglomerations above 10 000 p.e.
  • 7. Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria 28 regions in Bulgaria - 28 WSS Associations Consolidation process Regions and Regional Feasibility Studies 7
  • 8. Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria  Drinking water resources and alternative resources  quality  quantity  Individual and other appropriate systems (IAS)  Sewerage discharged to rivers without treatment  Sludge treatment, monitoring and re-use of sludge  Investments in WSS for rural areas 8
  • 9. 9 87% 13% 332 agglomerations (2020) Generated load – 7 060 902 PE Агломерации над 10 000 е.ж. (107 бр.) Agglomerations between 2 000 and 10 000 pe – 13% GL (233 aggl.) Agglomerations over 10 000 pe – 87 % GL (99 aggl.) Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria Urban Waste Water Treatment  Setting priorities - starting with biggest agglomerations (generated load) and with highest impact on water bodies  Emission standards for UWWTP in rural areas and IAS  Good status in small rivers
  • 10. Summary 10 Challenges to ensure sustainable wastewater treatment in rural Bulgaria Management of WSS systems and investment EU Water Directives: quality of WSS service and concerns Difficulties and ways forward 1. 2. 3. • EU legislation has been transposed into Bulgarian legislation • There is visible progress in compliance • For several years the process of consolidation is almost completed • The investment needs are assessed and planned on the basis of consolidated areas • EU funds are the main source of investments in the WSS systems • The available national resources in Bulgaria support in priority WSS projects • Basic difficulties are related to the need of investments • We look for sustainable WSS operators and projects and prioritization of investments