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Item 5.2 NDB finance for sdgs

NDB

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NDB’s Operational Experience
Mobilizing and effectively using
finance for water-related SDG
24 November 2020
Outline
New Development Bank
Overview
E&S Framework &
Our Approach
Case Studies – Water
Sector
New Development Bank
NDB is a multilateral development bank established in 2015 by Brazil, Russia, India,
China and South Africa (BRICS), with a mandate to:
“mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS
and other emerging market economies and developing countries (EMDCs)
complementing the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for
global growth and development”
Headquartered in Shanghai (China)
Regional offices:
South Africa – Johannesburg
Brazil – Brasilia and São Paulo
Russia – Moscow
India – soon to be established
 Development of sustainable infrastructure, being one of the key priorities for emerging
economies in the coming decades, is the core focus of NDB’s operations
 NDB Board of Directors has approved 65 projects in all member countries for a total amount of
US$ 20.6 billion*
Support for Infrastructure and Sustainable Development
1.5
1.9
4.7
7.2
5.5
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0
8.0
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
(up to end-Q3)
Actual project approvals
Yearly project approvals
USD billion
*Source: NDB data (up to end-Q3, 2020)
Clean Energy
18%
Transport
Infrastructure
23%
Irrigation,
Water
Resource
Management
and Sanitation
10%
Urban
Development
18%
Environmental
Efficiency
6%
Social
Infrastructure
24%
Multi-area
1%
By key area of operation
As at end-Q3 2020
Using the NDB funds in a
cost-effective way for
sustainable development:
the role of the NDB
Environment and Social
Framework (ESF)
NDB’s Environment and Social FrameworkObjectives
Manage E&S risks and impacts
Manage operational and reputational risks on NDB and its stakeholders
Mainstream E&S considerations into decision-making processes of all parties
Encourage international good E&S practices in operations and strengthen country systems
Environment and
Social Framework
Part 1:
Environmental and Social
Policy
Part 2:
Environmental and Social
Standards
ESS
ESS 1. E&S
Impact
Assessment
ESS 2.
Involuntary
Resettlement
ESS 3.
Indigenous
People

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Item 5.2 NDB finance for sdgs

  • 1. NDB’s Operational Experience Mobilizing and effectively using finance for water-related SDG 24 November 2020
  • 2. Outline New Development Bank Overview E&S Framework & Our Approach Case Studies – Water Sector
  • 3. New Development Bank NDB is a multilateral development bank established in 2015 by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS), with a mandate to: “mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging market economies and developing countries (EMDCs) complementing the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global growth and development” Headquartered in Shanghai (China) Regional offices: South Africa – Johannesburg Brazil – Brasilia and São Paulo Russia – Moscow India – soon to be established
  • 4.  Development of sustainable infrastructure, being one of the key priorities for emerging economies in the coming decades, is the core focus of NDB’s operations  NDB Board of Directors has approved 65 projects in all member countries for a total amount of US$ 20.6 billion* Support for Infrastructure and Sustainable Development 1.5 1.9 4.7 7.2 5.5 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 (up to end-Q3) Actual project approvals Yearly project approvals USD billion *Source: NDB data (up to end-Q3, 2020) Clean Energy 18% Transport Infrastructure 23% Irrigation, Water Resource Management and Sanitation 10% Urban Development 18% Environmental Efficiency 6% Social Infrastructure 24% Multi-area 1% By key area of operation As at end-Q3 2020
  • 5. Using the NDB funds in a cost-effective way for sustainable development: the role of the NDB Environment and Social Framework (ESF)
  • 6. NDB’s Environment and Social FrameworkObjectives Manage E&S risks and impacts Manage operational and reputational risks on NDB and its stakeholders Mainstream E&S considerations into decision-making processes of all parties Encourage international good E&S practices in operations and strengthen country systems Environment and Social Framework Part 1: Environmental and Social Policy Part 2: Environmental and Social Standards ESS ESS 1. E&S Impact Assessment ESS 2. Involuntary Resettlement ESS 3. Indigenous People
  • 7. NDB’s Environment and Social Policy Key principles: • Applies to all NDB supported projects • Requires project to meet ESF/ESS • Promotes to use of country systems • Sets roles and responsibilities • Defines “Exclusion List” Key requirements: • Screening and categorization • E&S assessment and management plans • Public consultations • Information disclosure • Monitoring and reporting • Grievance redressal mechanism
  • 8. The correct implementation of the ESF leads to:  The materialization of project benefits  Effective mitigation of risks and impacts of projects  The application of sustainable practices through provisions in the Environmental and Social Impact Management Plan (ESIMP) Example: ESF as a tool to Enhance SGD’s Reach SDG’s 1 and 16 E&S Impact Mitigation Project Impact Involuntary resettlement The involuntary resettlement safeguards covers physical and economic displacement, involuntary acquisition of land, and involuntary restrictions on land use. Free, prior & informed consent. Effective environmental & social impact assessment (ESIA) process covering consultation, resettlement, and compensation aspects. 1. No Poverty 1.3. Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems {…} 1.4. Ensure that all, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, {…} 16. Peace Justice and Strong Institutions 16.7. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 9. SDG17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development - Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favorable terms - Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals ESF: From Mitigation of Impacts to Contribution to SDGs
  • 10. Case Study: Water Supply and Sanitation Systems in India, China and Russia
  • 11.  Project:  Construction and upgrade of drinking water supply system covering almost entire Manipur State  E&S Impacts:  clearance of existing land, vegetation or building; generation of wastes and scraps during construction and demolition works; community safety risks due to accidents, where structural elements or components of the Project are accessible to the community.  E&S benefits and development objectives:  provide household level water supply to urban and rural population in the state  enhance level of water supply as recommended by national guidelines  improve quality of water supplied through water treatment  improve operation and maintenance (O&M) of the water supply infrastructure  enhance the institutional capacity of PHED Water Supply System Project in India Clean Water and Sanitation SDG Alignment Based on Project Results
  • 12.  Project:  enhancement of hydraulic circulation, including rehabilitation of irrigation canals and river courses, construction of diversion water pipelines, dredging in lakes and wetlands, construction of sewage treatment stations and associated interception pipelines, construction of water pumping stations, and installation of ecological flood retention embankments along lake shores and riverside;  creation of vegetated buffer zones along riparian area.  Key potential negative E&S impacts and risks:  erosion, change of habitats, land acquisition, occupational health and safety  E&S benefits and development objectives:  improved surface water supply in water-scarced Chongzuo new downtown area  improved water quality and connectivity  increased wetland ecological function areas  enhanced urban flood protection capacities  improved public health Chongzuo Water Rehabilitation Project SDG Alignment Based on Project Results Sustainable cities and communities Clean Water and Sanitation Climate Action
  • 13.  Project: upgrade of two sewage treatment facilities including expansion of a wastewater sludge incineration plant  Key potential negative E&S impacts and risks:  Air emissions and noise from sludge incineration facilities due to proximity to residential areas  Increased pressure on receiving water bodies’ ecosystems due to increased volume of wastewater discharge  Hazardous chemicals used for wastewater and sludge treatment  Mitigation measures:  BAT-compliant flue-gas treatment systems. Emissions modelling demonstrated compliance with air quality standards  Treated wastewater quality will meet national and international standards  E&OHS management systems certified to ISO 14001, 45001  E&S & SDG benefits:  Reduction of untreated wastewater discharge to the environment and the associated environmental pollution  Reduction of the wastewater sludge disposal at landfills St. Petersburg Wastewater Treatment Upgrade Project, Russia Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all SDG Alignment Based on Project Results