Information on effectiveness and adequacy of adaptation - Snapshot Vietnam, by Thea Konstantinidis
Climate Change Working Group
OECD CCXG - Global Forum on
the Environment and Climate
Change, 15-16 March 2016, Paris
1. Brief overview status quo of climate
change policy in Vietnam
2. Information on adaptation and
3. 6 theses on adequacy and effectiveness
of adaptation and related information
4. Additional questions for discussion
State of climate change
policy in Vietnam …
2 NC and BUR
adaptation and a
Green growth and
strategy are not
sets the backdrop for discussion.
Vietnam’s adaptation INDC at
21 adaptation actions in 3 key areas and
5 indicators with timeline
No figure reg. support needs for
adaptation (“dependent on national
resources and international support”)
Losses from disaster in the past 30 years.
amount to 1.5 % of GDP.
Source: Vietnam Climate Change Public Expenditure Review -CPEIR (MPI,
Worldbank, UNDP 2015)
Distribution of climate relevant
spending of 5 line ministries
Distribution of adaptation
Top expenditures in key
National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS): Food
and water security
Vietnam Green Growth Strategy (VGGS):
Development of sustainable infrastructure
Support Program for Response to Climate Change
– (SPRCC): Coastal and riverbank protection
Most is not spent by the Ministry for
Environment but the by the Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural
Total national adaptation
spending (irrigation &
Total national mitigation
Total national spending
both adaptation and
What can we learn from the CPEIR:
Majority of CC-response projects by line
ministries: Low or marginal relevance to
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
- MARD app. 50 %, has only indirect
adaptation or mitigation benefits.
1. Thinking about how to achieve reporting on effectiveness and
adequacy cannot be separated from thinking about improving
adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation itself. It must be
seen not only as ensuring compliance under the UNFCC but as
an opportunity to address current challenges, shortcomings
and gaps on the national and subnational level.
2. Discussions on global stock-take requirements for adequacy
and effectiveness must promote needs-based approaches,
start with downstream information and improve its availability
and quality for informed decision-making nationally and sub-
nationally to ensure effectiveness along the policy cycle of
existing and new policies (evidence-based approaches,
vulnerability and needs assessment, M+E ).
3. A “balancing the burden with benefits” - approach will have to
rest on both generating multiple benefits and maximizing
synergies linked to a country-specific incentive structure e.g.
increased access to funding through better priorisation.
4. Improving the process qualities including through e.g. broad
stakeholder involvement (NGOs and private sector ) is a low cost
option to make adaptation more effective. Including bottom-up
mechanisms alongside integrated top-down approaches is also
5. Building on what is there and using what is available - e.g. Joint
Principles for Adaptation – a set of good practices and standards
for effective and inclusive adaptation from civil society - can
6. Information and guidance will have to flow both ways. Creating
both multi-stakeholder learning and exchange
mechanisms/platforms nationally and establishing exchange with
differentiated and multiple peer groups globally around shared
interests (regional, development status-related) creates feedback
mechanisms can help overcome current knowledge and
capacity gaps. `
How do we ensure that the momentum
that global stock-taking requirements on
adequacy and effectiveness creates helps
move from wish-lists to informed decisions on
prioritized and feasible adaptation actions?
contribute to and promote policy coherency and
unlock multiple benefits?
link the international better with the national and the
create processes that involve relevant stakeholders
such as civil society, academia and private sector?
ensure benefits and increased capacity for non-
party actors/subnational stakeholders – often the
implementers of adaptation actions on the ground?
Thank you very much.
Contact: Thea Konstantinidis,
firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Climate Change Working Group: