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Information on effectiveness and adequacy of adaptation - Snapshot Vietnam, by Thea Konstantinidis

Breakout Group D: presentation by Thea Konstantinidis

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Information on effectiveness and adequacy of adaptation - Snapshot Vietnam, by Thea Konstantinidis

  1. 1. Information on effectiveness and adequacy of adaptation - Snapshot Vietnam Thea Konstantinidis, Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) OECD CCXG - Global Forum on the Environment and Climate Change, 15-16 March 2016, Paris
  2. 2. Outline 1. Brief overview status quo of climate change policy in Vietnam 2. Information on adaptation and adaptation effectiveness 3. 6 theses on adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation and related information needs 4. Additional questions for discussion
  3. 3. State of climate change policy in Vietnam … Strengths  very extensive policy landscape regarding climate change national and sectoral  2 NC and BUR  INDC including adaptation and a technical report Challenges  Policy coherency and coordination  Implementation gap  Green growth and climate change strategy are not integrated.  Data quality, availability and accessibility sets the backdrop for discussion.
  4. 4. Vietnam’s adaptation INDC at a glance  21 adaptation actions in 3 key areas and 5 indicators with timeline  No figure reg. support needs for adaptation (“dependent on national resources and international support”)  Losses from disaster in the past 30 years. amount to 1.5 % of GDP.
  5. 5. Source: Vietnam Climate Change Public Expenditure Review -CPEIR (MPI, Worldbank, UNDP 2015) Adap- tation 90% Mitiga- tion 2% Both 8% Distribution of climate relevant spending of 5 line ministries Infra- structure 91% Capacity building 7% Gover- nance 2 % Distribution of adaptation expenditure
  6. 6. Top expenditures in key climate policies  National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS): Food and water security  Vietnam Green Growth Strategy (VGGS): Development of sustainable infrastructure  Support Program for Response to Climate Change – (SPRCC): Coastal and riverbank protection
  7. 7. Most is not spent by the Ministry for Environment but the by the Ministry of Agriculture. Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Development -MARD Total national adaptation spending (irrigation & reservoirs) 82% Total national mitigation spending 65% Total national spending both adaptation and mitigation 65%
  8. 8. What can we learn from the CPEIR:  Majority of CC-response projects by line ministries: Low or marginal relevance to CC response  Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development - MARD app. 50 %, has only indirect adaptation or mitigation benefits.
  9. 9. Theses: 1. Thinking about how to achieve reporting on effectiveness and adequacy cannot be separated from thinking about improving adequacy and effectiveness of adaptation itself. It must be seen not only as ensuring compliance under the UNFCC but as an opportunity to address current challenges, shortcomings and gaps on the national and subnational level. 2. Discussions on global stock-take requirements for adequacy and effectiveness must promote needs-based approaches, start with downstream information and improve its availability and quality for informed decision-making nationally and sub- nationally to ensure effectiveness along the policy cycle of existing and new policies (evidence-based approaches, vulnerability and needs assessment, M+E ). 3. A “balancing the burden with benefits” - approach will have to rest on both generating multiple benefits and maximizing synergies linked to a country-specific incentive structure e.g. increased access to funding through better priorisation.
  10. 10. Theses: continued 4. Improving the process qualities including through e.g. broad stakeholder involvement (NGOs and private sector ) is a low cost option to make adaptation more effective. Including bottom-up mechanisms alongside integrated top-down approaches is also essential. 5. Building on what is there and using what is available - e.g. Joint Principles for Adaptation – a set of good practices and standards for effective and inclusive adaptation from civil society - can accelerate action. 6. Information and guidance will have to flow both ways. Creating both multi-stakeholder learning and exchange mechanisms/platforms nationally and establishing exchange with differentiated and multiple peer groups globally around shared interests (regional, development status-related) creates feedback mechanisms can help overcome current knowledge and capacity gaps. `
  11. 11. How do we ensure that the momentum that global stock-taking requirements on adequacy and effectiveness creates helps to  move from wish-lists to informed decisions on prioritized and feasible adaptation actions?  contribute to and promote policy coherency and institutional capacity?  unlock multiple benefits?  link the international better with the national and the local level?  create processes that involve relevant stakeholders such as civil society, academia and private sector?  ensure benefits and increased capacity for non- party actors/subnational stakeholders – often the implementers of adaptation actions on the ground?
  12. 12. Thank you very much. Contact: Thea Konstantinidis, / Climate Change Working Group: