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ENV GLOBAL FORUM OCT 2016 - Session 2 - Peter BORKEY

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ENV GLOBAL FORUM OCT 2016 - Session 2 - Peter BORKEY
"Policy Guidance on Resource Efficiency"

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ENV GLOBAL FORUM OCT 2016 - Session 2 - Peter BORKEY

  1. 1. GOING FOR A RESOURCE EFFICIENT ECONOMY - SOME POLICY GUIDANCE Peter Börkey OECD, Environment Directorate Global Forum on Environment 24-25 October 2016
  2. 2. • Some key trends in resource efficiency • Key policy trends • Policy guidance – Mixes of policy instruments – Product lifecycle approaches – Policy integration • Some conclusions Outline
  3. 3. KEY TRENDS IN RESOURCE EFFICIENCY
  4. 4. Decoupling trends, 2000 to 2011 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Index 1980=100 material consumption GDP OECD 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Index 1980=100 material extraction GDP World
  5. 5. But overall very high levels of per capita material consumption in OECD
  6. 6. POLICY TRENDS
  7. 7. • Evolution in RE strategies: – Resource efficiency as part of green growth / circular economy / sustainable development strategies – Emphasis on downstream policies rather than upstream policies • Evolution in use of economic instruments for a richer policy mix: – Landfill and incineration taxes – Extended producer responsibility policies – Pay-as-you-throw charging of households Implementation of resource efficiency policies in the OECD
  8. 8. Landfill tax rates 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 EUR/ton 2013 High 2013 Low
  9. 9. • Fragmented policy landscape to address specific materials / products / lifecycle stages / market players  Risk of shifting environmental burden from one location, or one medium, or one phase of the lifecycle to another  Need for a carefully-designed policy mix to pursue a variety of objectives and target different materials and actors • Challenge of integration and coherence between policies Persistent challenges
  10. 10. POLICY GUIDANCE ON RESOURCE EFFICIENCY HIGHLIGHTS
  11. 11. The report builds on a number of OECD reports, including
  12. 12. 1. Apply mixes of policy instruments 2. Across the product lifecycle 3. Integrate RE into sectoral and cross-cutting policies 4. Strengthen monitoring, evaluation and data Key messages
  13. 13. Extraction Design ProductionConsumption Recycling 1. Apply mixes of policy instruments Disposal Environmental permitting Product standards for recyclability Emissions standards Environmental labelling Industrial symbiosis Landfill taxes
  14. 14. 2. Lifecycle approach: Extended Producer Responsibility 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Numberofpoliciesadopted Year Cumulative EPR adoption
  15. 15. 2. Extended Producer Responsibility: Issues • Successful at generating resources to finance separate collection and increasing material recovery rates. • But: – Very disparate performance in recycling rates and costs – Limited effects on incentivising environmental product designs • Updated Guidance on the design of EPR available
  16. 16. 3. Policy alignment and integration Correct misalignments with existing policies ECONOMIC TRADE COMPETITION FISCAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION SOCIAL INVESTMENT CLIMATE & RESOURCE EFFICIENY
  17. 17. • Finland, The Netherlands: – Circular Economy Roadmaps to support better co- operation across policy areas. • Sweden, Finland, Belgium, France: – Knowledge networks to support exchange of experience, learning and the development of partnerships. • United Kingdom – Far-reaching co-ordination for climate change: long- term objectives, independent review mechanism. 3. Policy integration: best practices
  18. 18. • Resource efficiency is an important challenge and a lot more needs to be done to reverse current trends; • Need to focus efforts upstream of end-of-life • Strengthen use of economic instruments in policy mix • Use a whole of life-cycle approach • Better integrate RE policies with sectoral and cross-cutting policies Conclusion
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention

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