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Day 3 symposium Simon Upton (OECD), Revisiting oecd policy guidance

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Day 3 symposium Simon Upton (OECD), Revisiting oecd policy guidance

  1. 1. EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY: REVISITING OECD POLICY GUIDANCE Simon Upton Director of Environment, OECD www.oecd.org Global Forum on Environment Tokyo, 19 June 2014
  2. 2. A Story of Industrial Entropy Photo credit: NASA Goddard Center; OECD. Debit 72 Gt RESOURCE STOCKS A Story of Industrial Entropy … Running Against the Earth’s Balance Sheet? SATURATION Atmosphere Aquasphere Litosphere RESERVOIRS 49 Gt of GHG 228 Mt of P ~12 Gt of solid waste Extracted & used 35 Gt (1980) . . . 72 Gt (today) . . > 100 Gt (2030) . . Increasing costs ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥
  3. 3. Two related features: • shifting of responsibility upstream to the producer and away from municipalities • to provide incentives to producers to incorporate environmental considerations in th design of their products. Defining Extended Producer Responsibility ..an environmental policy approach in which a producer’s responsibility, physical and/or financial …is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product’s life cycle
  4. 4. Extended Producer Responsibility by product type and instrument Packaging 17% Electronics 35% Vehicles/auto batteries 12% Tires 18% Other 18% EPR by product type Take-back 70% Deposit/Refund 11% ADF 17% Other 2% EPR by policy
  5. 5.  Guidance on EPR design  Guidance on policy instruments, including complementary policies  Discussion of roles and responsibilities  Discussion of trade and competition aspects 2001 OECD Guidance Manual
  6. 6. Changing context for EPR since 2001 2014 Rising intrinsic value of some waste streams Increasing pressure on land-fills Further globalisation of value chains and producers Millions more middle-class consumers in developing countries More internet sales and new market opportunities 2001 Increasing trade in waste
  7. 7. Governance Clear roles and responsibilities Early and full consultations Adequate transparency level Economic Multi-level competition assessment Clear performance targets & defining full costs recovery Encouraging “Design for Environment” and waste prevention Emerging issues Integrating the informal waste sector Anticipating impacts of changing waste value Free riding due to internet sales and new market conditions Overall EPR instruments tailored to specific product and country context Some key areas discussed at the Global Forum
  8. 8. • Build out guidance on competition concerns to distinguish competition impacts on different levels • Develop guidance on integrating the informal waste sector in EPR policies • Further research to develop guidance on how “Design for Environment” incentives can be more effective • Further research to develop guidance on how to adapt EPR to waste streams with positive value • … and more! 8 Recommendations from the Global Forum relevant for OECD’s review of guidance
  9. 9. Thank you! www.oecd.org
  10. 10.  Literature review and typology of EPR schemes  Case studies : Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, France, Japan, Korea, Slovakia, United States, and building on EU studies  Views exchanged here at the Global Forum in Tokyo Financial support from Japan and EU 10 Towards updating policy guidance

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