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CCXG Global Forum 19 March 2015 Breakout Group 1 summary

CCXG Global Forum 19 March 2015
Breakout Group 1 summary

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CCXG Global Forum 19 March 2015 Breakout Group 1 summary

  1. 1. Climate Change Expert Group (Intended) nationally determined contributions Olai Uludong and Pete Betts
  2. 2. 2 Climate Change Expert Group “Strategic review” of mitigation contributions
  3. 3. 3 Climate Change Expert Group General  Strategic review shaped by understanding of NDCs, target setting process  Would encompass both individual and aggregate contributions – not clear where emphasis should be  Expectations and peer pressure can be drivers for ambition  Consider how the process could usefully impact national policies…  …and how it might impact long-term private investment decisions  Would require better data  Distinct from/not a substitute for legal form
  4. 4. 4 Climate Change Expert Group Areas of convergence  Strategic review/ambition assessment could be important part of political signal in Paris, given mitigation gap  Strategic review takes place within the context of a dynamic cycle of contributions  The ultimate aim of the process is to enhance ambition  Nationally-determined contributions can be compatible with a multilateral process  Need to consider existing and past review processes, and how to build on these  Outcome of strategic review process unlikely to be prescriptive
  5. 5. 5 Climate Change Expert Group Areas of divergence  Scope of the review: mitigation only?  Timing of the review: midway through implementation (impacting existing contributions), end of implementation period (impacting future contributions) o Whether ex ante or ex post review process most effective  Basis of the review: NDCs, or some other type of contribution/commitment in the future  Process: focus on better identifying gaps and actions (clarification)? have recommendations delivered by Convention body?  Striking right balance between forward- and backward- looking elements
  6. 6. 6 Climate Change Expert Group Use of transferred mitigation in (I)NDCs
  7. 7. 7 Climate Change Expert Group General  Markets play an important role, including in engaging the private sector  Clear signal needed for markets to be up-and-running for 2020; this requires actions in the very short term  Some contribution types can make it difficult to robustly account for international transfers  INDCs can provide a strong political signal on markets, e.g. Switzerland  No provision for markets could be a concern: limits confidence regarding double counting and environmental integrity  Important to have a provision or placeholder in agreement enabling use of markets, with details to be determined later