4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance

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  • Allocating clear roles & responsibilities:
    Producers to optimise design (for the environment)
    After sales/repair services to optimise life time and return of critical parts
    Consumers to sort and bring back to collection points
    Municipalities to ease separate collection and ease collection convenience
    Retailers to act as collection points
    Collection operators to preserve recovery opportunities
    Recyclers to respect stringent standards and enable fine recovery
    Civil society to raise awareness and promote sustainable behaviours
    PRO to monitor and report in full transparency
    Authorities to ensure enforcement and orient towards resource efficiency
  • 4.5 S. Arditi, NGO perspective on policy guidance

    1. 1. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 1 OECD Global Forum on Extended Producer Responsibility Tokyo Japan 17-19/06/2014 Setting EPR in a resource constrained economy EPR & Design for the environment Stephane Arditi Product & Waste Policy Manager
    2. 2. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 2 EEB: the environmental voice of European citizens, observer in the OECD Working party on Resource Productivity and waste prevention We stand for environmental justice, sustainable development and participatory democracy. Our aim is to ensure the EU secures a healthy environment and rich biodiversity for all. The European Environmental Bureau (EEB)
    3. 3. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 3 EPR in context upstreampolicy.org  One instrument among others (regulatory, economic, information)  No one fits all solution, depends on economic situation, history and maturity of waste policy,...  Polluter pay principle, but not necessarily leading to resource use optimisation Question: Can we model EPR to deliver on resource productivity and waste prevention in a more and more resource constrained economy?
    4. 4. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 4 A prospective view on EPR  Make EPR work for resources use optimisation & reducing environmental impacts?  What scope for EPR?  What possible governance of EPR? powerhouse360.com
    5. 5. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 5 EPR & Design for the environment Ensuring a feedback loop between waste and product policy ... WASTE PRODUCT ... Making the feedback loop a virtuous circle EPR EcodesignTreatment standard Design costEnd of life fees Regulatory/ technology push Market pull/ resource pricing
    6. 6. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 6 Operational approaches to make EPR work for DfE  More consistency between ecodesign requirements and treatment standards (e.g in Europe: Packaging & packaging waste law; Ecodesign & WEEE)  Modulation of end of life fees / Individualisation of EPR (e.g in Europe: French way of developing EPR schemes, Taiwan and ADF differentiation)  Performance contract for B2B /Leasing B2C (e.g all over the world: Paying for the copiers service)  End of life fees paid according to return rate (experience still to be documented... Oregon and Washington mentioned) Note: the 2 last ideas = moving EPR beyond waste management, towards waste prevention, product durability, service providing
    7. 7. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 7 greenpeace.org en.wikipedia.org Landfill or burn EPR untreated streams = miss opportunitiesValuable material wasted => benefits wiped out Discussing an option (For Europe? And beyond?): Today, landfilled or burnt EPR untreated streams=> not separately collected => not handled and generally not paid by EPR schemes (with exceptions such as Belgium). Tomorrow, paid by EPR, but not to collection operators, rather to independent (environment) agency reinvesting the fund for DfE innovation, waste prevention and improved separate collection actions.
    8. 8. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 8 Questioning the scope of EPR yesterday today Challenges:  Poor collection performances: a loss for all Not addressing collection within EPR means not addressing the costly part, but is collection under control of producers?  If collection not covered by EPR, “cherry picking” risks increase Overall waste management for EPR covered streams (simplistic view) profits collection collection treatment treatment costs
    9. 9. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 9 “Cherry picking” issue Interrupt the feedback loop between product design and end of life costs (des-incentivise design efforts) Foster sub-standard collection and treatment practices (getting the most valuable material for the cheapest cost) Undermine proper reporting on/monitoring of collection and recycling First answer: Implement instruments for improved and comprehensive collection: collection targets, including for specific product categories (EU example); differentiate remuneration to collection operators (JP&FR examples);  and proper enforcement
    10. 10. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 10 Optimising collection costs radically ? lagerverkauf-cottbus.com From whole appliances to critical parts... Design for durability, for repair, for service Tomorrow? collection treatment profitscosts sz-wholesaler.com www.rspinc.com
    11. 11. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 11 Towards a value chain governance Optimising products for the environment, while keeping control on value chain to avoid leakages of most valuable/hazardous materials. Producing Repairing Consuming Collecting Recycling ? Authorities PRO Producing Repairing Consuming Collecting Recycling Authorities PRO Informing Informing Fom... To...
    12. 12. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 12 Challenge: sharing not diluting responsibility Direction 1: EPR orchestrating responsibilities Actors along the value chain remunerated according to fulfilment of responsibilities Enhanced internal control as none have interest to lose their remuneration possibility Authority to strategically frame towards resource productivity and enforce Direction 1 bis: Focus on non valuable streams (experience in Kenya) But also considering hazardous legacy & the certainty that “valuable” is assessed versus proper treatment standards.
    13. 13. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 13 EPR to lever resource productive circular economy Material ownership Product as a resource reservoir Maximising business opportunities/minimised material input mrw.co.uk
    14. 14. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 14 Conclusion EPR to help combine more product and waste policies and deliver resource productivity results. Next step of EPR could aim at direct waste and resource use prevention in a logical complementary step after securing sound treatment and maximizing recycling. How to create through EPR scheme (but not only) incentives for product durability, upgradability & reparability - product modularity? Concrete implementation existing here and there and concrete opportunities existing in Europe with revision of packaging and packaging waste legislation, and with the current definition of WEEE standards combined with possible resource use requirements in ecodesign policy. A possibility could be to gather together these existing practices and opportunities and document them within OECD updated guidance
    15. 15. OECD-Global Forum – EPR & Design for the environment Tokyo 17-19 June 2014 15 Thanks for your attention Stephane Arditi Product & Waste Policy Manager

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