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2016 GGSD Forum - Session 2: Presentation by Prof. Walid Oueslati, Senior Economist, Environment and Economy Integration, OECD

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Urban Sprawl: Trends and policies

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2016 GGSD Forum - Session 2: Presentation by Prof. Walid Oueslati, Senior Economist, Environment and Economy Integration, OECD

  1. 1. Walid Oueslati GGSD Forum, 09-10 November 2016 Urban Sprawl Trends and policies
  2. 2. Sprawl: what is at stake? 2 Market failures versus policy failures
  3. 3. Cities are increasingly sprawling worldwide…but especially in Europe, Northern America and Oceania
  4. 4. 4 Population and built-up area growth rate in OECD countries, 2000-2050 Land consumption for built-up areas will increase more rapidly than the population in 30 out of 34 OECD countries. Source: OECD 2015: The Metropolitan Century
  5. 5. 1975 Urban development in Paris region
  6. 6. 1990 Urban development in Paris region
  7. 7. 2000 Urban development in Paris region
  8. 8. 2014 Urban development in Paris region
  9. 9. 9 Measuring urban sprawl Urban sprawlPopulation density Fragmentation Composition: Dispersion - Polycentricity
  10. 10. 10 OECD SPINE Project Policies : environmental effectiveness + economic efficiency Urban sprawl : measurement and policies Policy Topics • GHG emissions • Air pollution • Open Space • Resilience • Breakthroughs in transport Empirical track Modelling track
  11. 11. For more information: walid.oueslati@oecd.org

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