Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

2016 GGSD Forum - Parellel Session A: Presentation by Ms. Lola Vallejo. Policy Analyst, Environment Directorate, OECD


Published on

Climate-resilient infrastructure: Getting policies right

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

2016 GGSD Forum - Parellel Session A: Presentation by Ms. Lola Vallejo. Policy Analyst, Environment Directorate, OECD

  1. 1. CLIMATE- RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE: GETTING POLICIES RIGHT Lola VALLEJO Analyst– Climate Change Adaptation & Development Environment Directorate, Climate Water and Biodiversity Division 10 November 2016 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum OECD Headquarters, Paris
  2. 2. • Global infrastructure investments needs: USD 90 trillion for 2015-2030 • Climate-related disruptions: – 2012 superstorm Sandy (US): 5.4 million stranded commuters – 2007 summer floods (UK): 350 000 people without access to main water supply for 17 days 2 Making infrastructure climate resilient
  3. 3. • Construction of second runway at the Brisbane airport in Australia 4.1 meters above sea level • Construction of drainage infrastructure in Copenhagen through a network of permeable roads, greenspaces and waterways • Modifying the maintenance regime of France’s nuclear power plants to face summer heats 3 Examples of climate-resilient infrastructure
  4. 4. • Research questions – In which ways can governments ensure their infrastructure is climate-resilient? – What’s the current state of adaptation action? • Focusing on national-level action in OECD countries • Building a framework for action 4 Scope
  5. 5. Overall findings 5 Policy levers How much are they used? Future challenges? Evidence provision High Capacity-building Accounting for climate risks in projects financed by governments Low Transparency Enabling resilience through policy and regulation Med Cost-effectiveness Disclosure of climate risks Low Coordination with financial sphere
  6. 6. • Screening and decision-support tools – Prevalent in development banks: Multilateral (EBRD, Nordic Investment Bank, ADB, WB), bilateral (JICA, AfD, KfW) – Rare evidence in OECD domestic investment (EU structural funds commitment, EIB) • Contractual arrangements – Belgium’s state and national railway operator (SNCB) management contract – Australian local governments infrastructure plans 6 Accounting for climate risks in projects financed by governments - Procurement/concession framework may be an obstacle… but hard to influence - Several tools developed by those investing in most vulnerable countries
  7. 7. • Sectoral regulation – Technical e.g. nuclear power in France, hydropower in Switzerland – Economic e.g. UK energy, rail and water sectors • National and international climate-resilient standards – Governance (ISO, UK, USA, Oz) or technical (Eurocodes) – Led by industry (PIANC, CIBSE) or by public standards institutions – Mostly across sectors, but the specific ones focus on transport (particularly road drainage) 7 Enabling resilience through policy and regulation - Growing use of national standards, which can take many shapes
  8. 8. • Increasing levels of action in OECD countries for resilient infrastructure – Urban areas: right scale for further innovation • Lessons to be learnt on risk screening from investments in developing countries’ infrastructure 8 Remaining questions