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2016 GGSD Forum - Parellel Session A: Presentation by Ms. Lola Vallejo. Policy Analyst, Environment Directorate, OECD

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Climate-resilient infrastructure: Getting policies right

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2016 GGSD Forum - Parellel Session A: Presentation by Ms. Lola Vallejo. Policy Analyst, Environment Directorate, OECD

  1. 1. CLIMATE- RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE: GETTING POLICIES RIGHT Lola VALLEJO Analyst– Climate Change Adaptation & Development Environment Directorate, Climate Water and Biodiversity Division 10 November 2016 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum OECD Headquarters, Paris
  2. 2. • Global infrastructure investments needs: USD 90 trillion for 2015-2030 • Climate-related disruptions: – 2012 superstorm Sandy (US): 5.4 million stranded commuters – 2007 summer floods (UK): 350 000 people without access to main water supply for 17 days 2 Making infrastructure climate resilient
  3. 3. • Construction of second runway at the Brisbane airport in Australia 4.1 meters above sea level • Construction of drainage infrastructure in Copenhagen through a network of permeable roads, greenspaces and waterways • Modifying the maintenance regime of France’s nuclear power plants to face summer heats 3 Examples of climate-resilient infrastructure
  4. 4. • Research questions – In which ways can governments ensure their infrastructure is climate-resilient? – What’s the current state of adaptation action? • Focusing on national-level action in OECD countries • Building a framework for action 4 Scope
  5. 5. Overall findings 5 Policy levers How much are they used? Future challenges? Evidence provision High Capacity-building Accounting for climate risks in projects financed by governments Low Transparency Enabling resilience through policy and regulation Med Cost-effectiveness Disclosure of climate risks Low Coordination with financial sphere
  6. 6. • Screening and decision-support tools – Prevalent in development banks: Multilateral (EBRD, Nordic Investment Bank, ADB, WB), bilateral (JICA, AfD, KfW) – Rare evidence in OECD domestic investment (EU structural funds commitment, EIB) • Contractual arrangements – Belgium’s state and national railway operator (SNCB) management contract – Australian local governments infrastructure plans 6 Accounting for climate risks in projects financed by governments - Procurement/concession framework may be an obstacle… but hard to influence - Several tools developed by those investing in most vulnerable countries
  7. 7. • Sectoral regulation – Technical e.g. nuclear power in France, hydropower in Switzerland – Economic e.g. UK energy, rail and water sectors • National and international climate-resilient standards – Governance (ISO, UK, USA, Oz) or technical (Eurocodes) – Led by industry (PIANC, CIBSE) or by public standards institutions – Mostly across sectors, but the specific ones focus on transport (particularly road drainage) 7 Enabling resilience through policy and regulation - Growing use of national standards, which can take many shapes
  8. 8. • Increasing levels of action in OECD countries for resilient infrastructure – Urban areas: right scale for further innovation • Lessons to be learnt on risk screening from investments in developing countries’ infrastructure 8 Remaining questions

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