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2016 GGSD Forum - Parallel Session B: Presentation by Ms. Myriam Linster, Environmental Performance & Information, Environment Directorate, OECD


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Monitoring progress towards Green Growth - OECD approach

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2016 GGSD Forum - Parallel Session B: Presentation by Ms. Myriam Linster, Environmental Performance & Information, Environment Directorate, OECD

  1. 1. Monitoring progress towards Green Growth - OECD approach OECD Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 10 November 2016 Myriam Linster, OECD Environmental Performance and Information Division
  2. 2. Green Growth indicators • Long-standing experience and pioneering work – Environment, Green growth, Well-being, … – International cooperation: common approaches, convergence around core issues (UNEP, WB, GGKP,…) • Indicators can be powerful tools to – Track progress – Monitor performance and inform about results (accountability) – Support decision making and policy implementation – Inform public debates, encourage public participation, raise awareness … If well designed and communicated – For which purpose? For which use? For which audience? … and well used – Do not tell the full story  Only one tool to be complemented with additional information and analysis 2 Using indicators Some lessons from OECD work
  3. 3. Green Growth indicators • Pragmatic and flexible approach • International consensus • Sets of indicators of manageable size • Easy to adapt to countries’ circumstances • Easy to apply at different levels and scales • Easy to improve and develop further • Regular use • OECD policy studies and country reviews • Feedback on relevance and interpretation • Communicating indicators • Headline indicators to facilitate communication with policy makers, the media and citizens: simple messages about multi-dimensional issues • No composite indicator: perceived opacity, potential for misinterpretation, risk to distract attention from message conveyed • Balance between the wish to have as few indicators as possible and the need to keep each as intelligible, robust and transparent as possible 3 OECD approach to indicators
  4. 4. Green Growth indicators • What do we mean by Green Growth? Green growth is about fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that the natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services on which our well-being relies. To do this it must catalyse investment and innovation, which will underpin sustained growth and give rise to new economic opportunities • How do we monitor Green Growth? • By using a conceptual measurement framework that reflects the multiple dimensions of GG and enables linking “green” and “growth” • By selecting indicators that capture the main features of GG • By using these indicators in policy studies and country reviews • How do we identify the most appropriate indicators? • Drawing upon / adapted from existing OECD indicator sets • Using agreed selection criteria: relevance, analytical soundness, measurability Monitoring progress towards Green Growth
  5. 5. Green Growth indicators Monitoring progress towards green growth Indicator groups and topics The environmental and resource productivity of the economy 1 • Carbon and energy productivity • Resource productivity: materials, waste, water • Multi-factor productivity adjusted for environmental services The natural asset base of the economy2 • Renewable and Non-renewable resources: water, forest, minerals • Biodiversity and ecosystems: land, soil, species The environmental dimension of quality of life 3 • Environmentally induced health risks and costs • Exposure to natural & industrial risks and costs • Environmental services and amenities: access to sanitation and drinking water Economic opportunities and policy responses 4 • Technology and innovation • Environmental goods & services • Financial flows, prices, transfers • Skills, training, regulations, management approaches Socio-economic context and characteristics of growth • Economic growth, productivity, trade • Labour markets, education and income • Socio-demographic patterns 1. CO2 productivity 3. EA-Multifactor productivity 2. Non-energy material 6. Air pollution (population exposure to PM 2.5) Placeholder – no indicator specified 4. Natural resource index 5. Changes in land cover HEADLINE INDICATORS Inclusiveness Well-being
  6. 6. Green Growth indicators • An important measurement agenda remains – Continued progress in OECD countries – Great variability across countries (data availability, data quality) • Coherence between environmental and economic information • Economic opportunities • Quality of life • Measurement issues exacerbated at urban level – Rarely available from statistical offices – Explore other, new data sources: geospatial (satellite images), big data • Land cover and soil quality • Access to environmental services, exposure to degraded environment 6 Monitoring progress towards Green Growth A dynamic process
  7. 7. Green Growth indicators • Identify purpose and use • Identify right scale of measurement in line with purpose • City, city and suburbs, metropolitan area? • How does this affect comparability? Interpretation? • What needs to be compared? • Identify right indicators tailored to the purpose and to the urban specificities • Core indicators: coherent with national/international indicators, benchmarking across cities, across countries • Specific urban indicators: planning, budgeting, performance management, public communication, reporting on results 7 Monitoring green growth Applying measurement at “urban” level
  8. 8. Green Growth indicators Green growth indicators For more information, see Thank you!
  9. 9. Green Growth indicators 9 Monitoring progress towards green growth The foundations and the overall indicator architecture Monitoring progress towards Green Growth Socio-economic & growth characteristics Environmental and resource productivity Natural asset base Environmental quality of life Economic opportunities and policies OECD indicators and statistical databases Economic performance National accounts Productivity Environmental performance Resource productivity Science &Technology Innovation Entrepreneurship Development aid Investment Trade Employment Education Energy Agriculture Transport UNEP, WB SEEA EU Measuring the progress of societies – GDP and beyond Member and partner countries IGOs National indicators UN SDGs Measuring well-being and inclusiveness • Better life index • How’s life? • Income inequality UNECE Review & selection: •Policy relevance •Analytical soundness •Measurability