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2016 ENV Ministerial - Olaf Merk - ITF - Maritime transport - Air pollution breakout session

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2016 ENV Ministerial - Olaf Merk - ITF - Maritime transport - Air pollution breakout session

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2016 ENV Ministerial - Olaf Merk - ITF - Maritime transport - Air pollution breakout session

  1. 1. Air Pollution from Maritime Transport Olaf Merk 28 September 2016 Meeting of Environmental Policy Committee at Ministerial Level Paris, France
  2. 2. Shipping’s share of total global emissions 2 Local air pollutants Climate change 10% 30% 2% 10% 17% SOx NOx PM CO2 Black Carbon CO2 (2050) 5%
  3. 3. Shipping’s local pollutants; policy gaps 3 Emission Existing policy Gaps/concerns PM Sulphur content in ship fuel: • Global norms (3.5% by 2012) • Emission control areas (ECAs) • Global NOx caps (Tier I, II) • Tier III only in NOx ECA in North America No specific policy, co-benefits from SOx and NOx policies • 2020/2025 for 0.5% norm? • Global enforcement • NECA N. Europe proposed • No other NECAs planned Lacking target and application of instruments (e.g. filters)PM NOx SOx
  4. 4. Shipping and climate change; policy gaps 4 Emission Existing policy Gaps/concerns PM • Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) • Global fuel collection data Studies • “Target” under discussion • Review of EEDI, no other measures considered • Discussion on market- based mechanisms on hold No specific policy or measures Black Carbon CO2
  5. 5. Thank you Olaf Merk olaf.merk@itf-oecd.org Twitter: @o_merk

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