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2016 ENV Ministerial - Carlos Manuel Rodriguez - Costa Rica - Biodiversity breakout session

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2016 ENV Ministerial - Carlos Manuel Rodriguez - Costa Rica - Biodiversity breakout session

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2016 ENV Ministerial - Carlos Manuel Rodriguez - Costa Rica - Biodiversity breakout session

  1. 1. Carlos Manuel Rodríguez Mainstreaming biodiversity, The Costa Rican case.
  2. 2. Nitrogen flow Ocean acidity ? 50-60 70-80 Latest data 90-00 Pre- Ind. ? ? ? ? F.T.Chapin, U AK Fairbanks Rockström et al. Nature, Oct. ‘09
  3. 3. 1957
  4. 4. 1974
  5. 5. 2013
  6. 6. Unfortunately, Conservation has NOT been seen as contributing to economic and social development. Lack of integrated knowledge and awareness Hard to assign monetary value to nature’s services/public good Short-term benefits outweigh long-term value Difficult to scale up successes OBSTACLES
  7. 7. NATURAL CAPITAL AND DEVELOPMENT 2012 GDP /pc : $3,574 21% Forest cover Population: 2.7 million Energy: 70% Hydro, 30% Fossil fuel GDP /pc : $9,219 52% Forest cover Population: 5 million Energy: 98% Hydro, Wind & Geothermal, 5% fossil fuel
  8. 8. DEFORESTATION RATE IN COSTA RICA, 1960-2005 First forest incentives Elimination of perverse incentives Environmental Governance “improved”
  9. 9. National Parks 5.5 % Agriculture 7.7 % National Parks Contribution to the GDP 2012
  10. 10.  NationalTourism (70.2%). [Hospitality, food, transport]  Electricity generation (26.4%). [Estimate based on plants nearASP.]  Direct/indirect employment (1.7%)  Income from entrance fees (0.9%)  Funding for conservation of ASP (0.6%)  Others (0.15%). [Funding for research, visits, employment, PSA, land purchase.] Total: $1.4 Billion USD* *Exchange Rate: 573 colons per dollar Economic Benefit of National Parks to the Local Economy 2009
  11. 11. Rationale of the Carbon PES $ $ ¢ c c FONAFIFO COSTA RICA CARBON FUND TRANSFERABLE & NEGOTIABLE CERTIFICATE FUELTAX PAYMENTS HYDROLECTRIC COMPANIES’ PAYMENTS
  12. 12. 1. Support policies that recognize and reward ecosystem services and cover opportunity costs. 2. Support policies that ensure that private sector decisions account for non-market impacts and benefits in operations and site choices. 3. Support policies that identify and reduce perverse incentives. 4. Include green economy concepts/assessments at the highest possible level of development planning and policy. 5. Improve measurement: GDP does not account for key development issues – need to account for the green economy via credible, existing metrics. Support Appropriate Policy
  13. 13. ¡¡¡ MUCHAS GRACIAS !!! “Damn! They are spending my grandchildren’s inheritance !!

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