Climate finance/Scale-up & replication CCXG GF March 2014

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Scale-up and replication -Initial insights from experience-

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Climate finance/Scale-up & replication CCXG GF March 2014

  1. 1. Climate Change Expert Group www.oecd.org/env/cc/ccxg.htm Takayoshi Kato, OECD takayoshi.kato@oecd.org Based on the discussion paper “Scaling up and replicating effective climate finance interventions” by Takayoshi Kato, Jane Ellis, Pieter Pauw and Randy Caruso Scale-up and replication -Initial insights from experience- CCXG Global Forum 18 March 2014
  2. 2. 2 Climate Change Expert Group Presentation Outline Why focus on scaling-up and replication? Three aspects to facilitate replication and scaling-up Initial insights from the research Discussion questions
  3. 3. 3 Climate Change Expert Group Why focus on scale-up and replication? To mobilise further climate finance more efficiently To encourage more private climate finance  Building on accumulated knowledge and experience from pilot activities;  Private investors: reluctant to invest in too innovative or unfamiliar activities in a short run; and  Replication and scale-up can help to disseminate innovation in the longer-term.
  4. 4. 4 Climate Change Expert Group What does the paper look into? Already Replicated or scaled up examples Three aspects through which replication and scaling-up have been facilitated 2. Demonstrating successful interventions 2. Demonstrating successful interventions Replication & scale-up Replication & scale-up 3. Enhancing enabling environments 3. Enhancing enabling environments • In developing countries • Private and public interventions • Project, programme or fund level • In developing countries • Private and public interventions • Project, programme or fund level 1. Designing suitable institutional structure 1. Designing suitable institutional structure
  5. 5. Initial insights from replicated and scaled up interventions • Balanced provision • Institutional structure • Information gap
  6. 6. 6 Climate Change Expert Group Difficulty in balanced provision It is challenging to achieve… i) balance between mitigation and adaptation ii) geographical or sectoral balance …although pursued under GCF. In terms of mobilising more public - privateIn terms of mobilising more public - private finance;finance; • Often revenue generating (thus, self-sustaining) • Relatively long history • Quantifying /attributing specific benefits to specific interventions challenging • Early days in evaluating, replicating or scaling up MitigationMitigation AdaptationAdaptation
  7. 7. 7 Climate Change Expert Group Difficulty in balanced provision Already scaled up/replicated activities tend to be; MitigationMitigation AdaptationAdaptation Easier to demonstrate financial sustainability; Yet, concentrated in certain technologies; More scale-up/replication examples found in middle income countries Mainly No- or Low-regret adaptation; In limited sectors (agriculture, insurance, food etc.) ; Supported mostly by public finance in other sectors (e.g. capacity development, disaster management)
  8. 8. 8 Climate Change Expert Group Bridging the information gap Bridging the information gap is a key part of replication and scaling up. Public sector can play a key role in bridging the gap Pilot interventions Replicated   or scaled-up interventions Tailor the designTailor the design as neededas needed Information; •From monitoring and evaluation for pilot activities •On local needs and contexts •On actors’ capacities
  9. 9. 9 Climate Change Expert Group Enabling environments and institutional structure Replication and scaling-up Institutional structure ofInstitutional structure of climate finance sourceclimate finance source •Aims, decision-making, scale, etc. can affect. •Lessons learned from sources of climate finance (c.f. Next session for details) Policies to enhancePolicies to enhance enabling environmentsenabling environments •Enabling environments •Absorbing capacities •Co-ordination among policies Provision of climate finance Basis for replication and scaling up
  10. 10. 10 Climate Change Expert Group Discussion questions 1. What are broad lessons from replication and scaling-up experience to date? 2. To pursue the balanced provision, what would be distinction in ways of mobilising climate finance between mitigation and adaptation?

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