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8th annual expert meeting of the initiative on Employment
and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia (ESSSA) and
4th Regional...
Contents
1. Technical and Vocational Education and
Training(TVET) in Laos.
2. Draft of National Qualification Framework
3....
1. Technical and Vocational Education
and Training(TVET) in Laos.
TVET under two ministries - Ministry of Education and
Sp...
2. (Draft) Lao National Qualification
Framework(NQF)
QF
Level
Higher Education
(MoES)
TVET
(MoES)
Skill Development
(MoLSW...
3. Scope of Skills Levels
Qualification Job level Skill, Knowledge and Ability
Certificate 1 1. Basic skilled worker Under...
Construction Sector (2009-11)dard
1. Reinforced concrete
2. Brick laying
3. Cast Plaster and Faced Cornice
4. Plumbing
5. ...
5. Development on Matching Skills and Jobs
- Established in 2009, nine employment service job centers
(ESJCs) have increas...
Lack of competent instructors/ trainers;
Teaching and learning methods are not regularly
updated;
Employers are less en...
Budget and programs for enhancing the skill
development system is limited;
Practical testing and certification are carri...
Not all of the current standards have been
inclusive in the current development of skills
training curriculum due to the ...
7. Decree on Fund for TVET and Skills Development
With reference to the Law on Labour, the decree has been
drafted that ai...
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The role of the private sector in Skills Development and Employment

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The 2016 Education and Skills Network meeting is jointly organised by the Department of Labour and Employment, Philippines, ADB, OECD and GIZ and the latter’s regional programme RECOTVET (“Regional Cooperation Programme to Improve the Training of TVET Personnel”), which aims at supporting and creating personnel, institutional and thematic preconditions for quality improvement and regional harmonisation of the education and training of training personnel in South East Asia over the next years.

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The role of the private sector in Skills Development and Employment

  1. 1. 8th annual expert meeting of the initiative on Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia (ESSSA) and 4th Regional Policy Dialogue on TVET “The role of the private sector in skills development and employment” Sourisack Souphanthong Deputy Director of Division of Skills Standard Development, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Laos 11-12 October, 2016 Cebu, Philippines
  2. 2. Contents 1. Technical and Vocational Education and Training(TVET) in Laos. 2. Draft of National Qualification Framework 3. Scope of Skills Levels 4. Current National Skills Standards 5. Development on Matching Skills and Jobs. 6. Challenges and Issues. 7. Decree on Fund for TVET and Skills Development
  3. 3. 1. Technical and Vocational Education and Training(TVET) in Laos. TVET under two ministries - Ministry of Education and Sports(MoES) and Ministry of labour and Social Welfare(MoLSW). - MoES for vocational and technical education(diploma courses from 1 up 3 years) and higher education. There are 154 providers; mostly they are private - MoLSW for skills development and training ; courses in up to six months; its certification is so called skills levels(1-5). There are now 11 providers. Seven of these are public. National Council for Vocational and Skills Development Training has been established in 2010 and chaired by Minister of MoES while Vice Minister of MoLSW and President of Lao National Chamber of Commerce and Industry are vice chairs.
  4. 4. 2. (Draft) Lao National Qualification Framework(NQF) QF Level Higher Education (MoES) TVET (MoES) Skill Development (MoLSW) 8 Doctoral Degree 7 Master’s Degree 6 Bachelor’s Degree 5 Advanced Diploma Certificate Level 5 - Supervisor 4 Diploma Certificate Level 4 - Tradesman 3 Certificate 3 Certificate Level 3 – Skilled worker 2 Certificate 2 Certificate Level 2 - Semi- Skilled worker 1 Certificate 1 Certificate Level 1 - Basic Skilled worker 4
  5. 5. 3. Scope of Skills Levels Qualification Job level Skill, Knowledge and Ability Certificate 1 1. Basic skilled worker Understands safety requirements. Has basic practical skills and operational knowledge in a defined range of tasks. Can carry out routine tasks under direction with limited responsibility. Can access and record information. Certificate 2 1. Semi-skill worker Understands safety requirements. Has basic practical skills and operational knowledge in a defined range of tasks. Can perform routine tasks given clear direction under skilled worker. Can receive and pass on information. Can access and record information. Certificate 3 2. Skilled worker Understands safety requirements. Has practical skills and operational knowledge in a range of tasks. Can carry out skilled tasks on own. Can advise others whose skills are lower. Certificate 4 3. Tradesman Has theoretical knowledge with a range of well developed skills. Can apply solutions to routine problems. Can interpret available information. Can take responsibility for output of others. Certificate 5 4. Supervisor Has a broad knowledge base, and can apply some theoretical concepts Can identify, apply skills and knowledge, and analyze information Understands and secure quality, safety and environmental issues 5
  6. 6. Construction Sector (2009-11)dard 1. Reinforced concrete 2. Brick laying 3. Cast Plaster and Faced Cornice 4. Plumbing 5. Welding 6. Electric installation 7. Wood furniture 8. Floor and wall tiling 9. Aluminum and glass 10. Painting 6 4. Current National Skill Standards(27 areas) 1. Electrical/Electronic system 2. Engine Performance 3. Chassis 4. Air Conditioning/Heating 5. Auto body Painting 6. Auto body Repairer 7. Drive train and axles Automotive Sector(2012-13) ICT Sector (2013-14) Tourism and Hospitality Sector (2013-14) 1. Front Office 2. Tour Guide 3. Food and Beverage 4. Cooking 1. Computer Maintenance 2. Computer Network Maintenance 3. Software Development 4. Database Development 5. Web Design 6. Mobile Phone Maintenance
  7. 7. 5. Development on Matching Skills and Jobs - Established in 2009, nine employment service job centers (ESJCs) have increasingly provided for job seekers career guidance, employability support and counseling. - 15 recruitment agencies including one state enterprise facilitate in employment promotion and services. - Job fairs. - Skills training and vocational education providers have counseling units. However, there are some factors resulting to mismatching between job vacancies with skills and professions, and in unemployment: - Inappropriate decision on course/subjects. - High supply with less demand.
  8. 8. Lack of competent instructors/ trainers; Teaching and learning methods are not regularly updated; Employers are less engaged in skills development and employment promotion; Physical facilities and equipment are not consistent with industrial requirements; 6. Challenges and Issues
  9. 9. Budget and programs for enhancing the skill development system is limited; Practical testing and certification are carried out individually; There is a need to develop the quality assurance of skills development; Limited Labour Market Information and Programs 6. Challenges and Issues(cont.)
  10. 10. Not all of the current standards have been inclusive in the current development of skills training curriculum due to the lack of assessors, infrastructure, equipment…; National Qualification Framework(NQF), in terms of level descriptors, needs further development and endorsement in order to help improving training mechanism and the regional integration; 6. Challenges and Issues(cont)
  11. 11. 7. Decree on Fund for TVET and Skills Development With reference to the Law on Labour, the decree has been drafted that aims at raising revenue to finance skills development and training. The decree defines the clauses as follows: - An employer shall contribute amount equivalent to 1% of the salary/wage of his employees; this support is sent to the national monetary fund at Ministry of Finance. - The amount of 1% from income tax that employees pay to national monetary fund. The Ministry of Finance transfers these contributions to National Council for Vocational and Skills Development Training to manage. Besides the financial support from these sources, loans, overseas development assistance, revenue/interest generated from the fund itself are other adds on to the fund.
  12. 12. Thank your!

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