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The role of Private Sector on IN-CT: A sharing from Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic - Indonesia


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The 2016 Education and Skills Network meeting is jointly organised by the Department of Labour and Employment, Philippines, ADB, OECD and GIZ and the latter’s regional programme RECOTVET (“Regional Cooperation Programme to Improve the Training of TVET Personnel”), which aims at supporting and creating personnel, institutional and thematic preconditions for quality improvement and regional harmonisation of the education and training of training personnel in South East Asia over the next years.

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The role of Private Sector on IN-CT: A sharing from Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic - Indonesia

  1. 1. THE ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR ON IN-CT : ©polmanastra2016 Tonny Pongoh 8th Annual Expert Meeting of the Initiative on ESSSA and 4th Regional Policy Dialogue on TVET 11-12 October, 2016, Cebu - Philippines A Sharing from Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic - Indonesia
  2. 2. Current Situation in Indonesia  Skill Gap in Industry  Academic Pathway is remain more popular compared to Vocational Pathway  Small number of companies which are already familiar with German Dual System  According to the regulation, In-Company Training is a compulsory  In-Company Trainer Method has not been yet standardized and formally managed
  3. 3. Astra International Established 1957 Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic is managed by one of Astra Foundations not only as a CSR but also as a strong commitment in developing VET in Indonesia
  4. 4. Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic (est 1995)
  5. 5. In-CompanyTraining inAstra International (fromAstraManufacturingPolytechnic’sPerspective)  Most companies in Astra International are joint ventures  Most of App/Internship is still following principal’s system  The length of app/internship Program is about 6-12 months  Involved in Improvement Project  Currently most of In-CT method is still referring to principal’s methods with various standard.  Good technical mentors with sound pedagogical skill will enhance the outcome of In-Company Training Company Vocational Secondary School University Polytechnic
  6. 6. Mutual Benefit of In-Company Training  Objectives and Frameworks  Achievements Total NQI by 200 Students per Year  Example Increasing Capacity of Cartridge Repackaging Station with Line Balancing Method at PT. Komatsu Marketing and Support
  7. 7. In-CompanyTrainerTraining • Firstly introduced by AHK/IHK • Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic has been invited by AHK and involved in preparing of 1st ADA Training in Indonesia since 2014 • 1st ADA Training (AHK version) in Semarang, November 2015 • 2nd ADA Training (AHK version) in Astra, April 2016 • The length of training is 5 days
  8. 8. • Indonesia was invited to participate in GIZ-Mekong In-CT in August 2015 • Currently, the on-going process is in conducting Master Trainer Training (GIZ Mekong In-CT) through cooperation with Training Center of APINDO (Indonesian Employers Association) • GIZ Mekong In-CT gives an opportunity to develop more adaptive In-CT system for Indonesia • In the near future, In-CT Training would be delivered and managed by APINDO Training Center in order to reach wider business sectors • The project has not obtain enough financial support from the government and most business associations The Implementation of GIZ Mekong In-CT in Indonesia
  9. 9. • Clear internship/apprenticeship scheme in companies • Standard requirements for In-Company Trainer candidates (working experience is essential) • Strong partnership between industry and education institutions/training centers • High skill mentors with sufficient pedagogical skill • Adoption the essence of ‘German Dual System’ to Indonesian VET system • Sociological aspect (Academic vs Vocational) • Integration Standard & Certification Body • Implementation in various business culture (joint ventures) • Training schedule & length of program • Cost & Business Situation Key Success Challenges
  10. 10. Recommendation • Closer cooperation between business associations with the government to support ‘Dual System’ & vocational education and training (including In-CT) • Bigger commitment from private sector, especially big-companies, to accommodate vocational education / training (including In-CT) • Mandatory Regulation and One National System of In-CT
  11. 11. Tonny Pongoh Deputy Director Astra Manufacturing Polytechnic ©polmanastra2016