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HEInnovate review in Bulgaria - Andrea Hofer (OECD LEED)


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Workshop held in Sofia, Bulgaria on HEInnovate

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HEInnovate review in Bulgaria - Andrea Hofer (OECD LEED)

  1. 1. HEINNOVATE REVIEW BULGARIA Andrea-Rosalinde Hofer |Sofia, 26 September 2014
  2. 2. The Entrepreneurial & Innovative HEI The HEInnovate working definition The entrepreneurial & innovative HEI is … • designed to empower students and staff to demonstrate innovation, creativity and enterprise in teaching, research and third mission • its activities are directed to enhance learning, knowledge production & exchange in a highly complex and changing societal environment • as an organisation, it is dedicated to create public value via processes of open engagement
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  4. 4. HEInnovate Review Objectives Provide an external expert/peer perspective in order to: 1. Identify key barriers & opportunities at HE system and HEI levels 2. Develop recommendations and introduce „learning models“ to remove barriers & to make use of opportunities
  5. 5. Review process - six phases 1. Preparation (January-March 2014) 2. Study visit (19-23 May) to five case study universities 3. Online surveys of HEI-Leader and students (June - October) 4. Intermediate report on case study universities (July ) 5. HEInnovate workshop (September) 6. Final report (October 2014)
  6. 6. HEI-Leader and student surveys Botevgrad Svishtov Student Survey Student Survey & HEI-Leader Survey HEI-Leader Survey
  7. 7. Student survey – subsample with high entrepreneurial intentions (n=196) • Gender: • Study progress: • Stay on in region?
  8. 8. Barriers in the higher education system 1. Absence of a clear & visible national strategic anchoring of HEIs´ role in local and regional development 2. Separation of teaching and research 3. Legal framework for public private partnerships and public procurement renders for public HEIs business collaboration difficult 4. Burdensome accreditation process 5. Lack of effective HEI-HEI coordination and collaboration at national and regional/local levels
  9. 9. Challenges for HEIs 1. HEIs are struggling to find strategic roles in local development; they are unaware of opportunities 2. Effective involvement of industry and business partners in curricula design & delivery is rare 3. Knowledge exchange activities are largely bound to personal motivation and not part of core-strategy 4. Too few examples of truly interdisciplinary education activities 5. LLL offer is receptive demand-driven instead of proactive demand-setting 6. Organising internships is difficult 7. Barriers in scaling up entrepreneurship promotion from individual initiatives to core-strategy 8. Links with the entrepreneurship ecosystem are largely underdeveloped
  10. 10. Session 2 Comment: Current HEI practices in entrepreneurship support and students` demand
  11. 11. Offer & demand for teaching methods in entrepreneurship education n: 17 HEIs, 196 students
  12. 12. Offer & demand for start-up support Access to research results Support business plan… Applications for public funds Incubators, co-working space,… Mentoring by university staff Referral to external… Support business plan… Facilitate contacts with… Assistance with IP Post start-up support Internationalisation support Support for prototype… Mentoring by entrepreneurs Assistance with finding co-… 0% 50% 100% Provision of financial resources Offered Planned n: 10 HEIs, 196 students
  13. 13. Perceptions of start-up barriers 0% 50% 100% Lack of capital Bureaucratic hurdles in registering/running a business Unfair competition Having insufficient technical knowledge and skills to implement the business idea Lack of a business idea Having insufficient business management knowledge and skills to implement the… Access to public financial support Access to technology and research Hiring and managing skilled workers Finding suitable office space/business premises Agree No opinion Disagree n: 196 students