Betty-Ann Bryce - Increasing employment opportunities in rural areas


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Presentation by Betty-Ann Bryce, Policy Analyst, Rural and Regional Development, OECD

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Betty-Ann Bryce - Increasing employment opportunities in rural areas

  1. 1. 9th Annual Meeting IMPLEMENTING CHANGE: A NEW LOCAL AGENDA FOR JOBS AND GROWTH In co-operation with the EU Presidency, Irish Government and Pobal 26-27 March 2013, Dublin-Kilkenny, IrelandWORKSHOP C: EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL INCLUSION IN RURAL AREAS Betty-Ann Bryce Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate, OECD
  2. 2. Increasing employment opportunities in rural areasWorkshop C: Employment and social exclusion in rural areasBetty-Ann BryceRural and Regional ProgrammeRegional Development Policy DivisionPublic Governance and Territorial Development Directorate
  3. 3. OECD New Rural Paradigm… Two principles characterise the “new rural paradigm”: 1.  a focus on places instead of sectors and 2.  a focus on investments instead of subsidies. Old approach New approach Equalisation, farm Competitiveness of rural areas,Objectives income, farm valorisation of local assets, exploitation of competitiveness unused resources Various sectors of rural economies (ex.Key target rural tourism, manufacturing, ICT Agriculturesector industry, etc.)Main tools Subsidies Investments All levels of government (supra-national, National governments, national, regional and local), various localKey actors stakeholders (public, private, NGOs) farmers
  4. 4. Encouraging job creation in rural areas: policy responses1.  Adopt a holistic approach to the rural economy – modernise the rural economy2.  Encourage expenditure on priority economic sectors (areas of opportunity) to enable diversification e.g. Tourism, local foods.3.  Support skill building initiatives e.g skills needed for priority sectors
  5. 5. Rural areas: Opportunities and threats Opportunities Threats•  Cutting-edge tourism •  Impacts on single strategies industry towns•  Reimagining forests •  Demographic change•  Renewable energy •  Climate change effects•  Local food strategies •  Declining local fiscal capacity
  6. 6. Opportunity HighlightsCutting-edge tourism •  Important for communities to “differentiate product” •  Tie tourism to other activities – agriculture or nearby urban opportunities •  Governments can help define integrated regional and provincial strategies that include rural venuesReimagining forests •  Recognize the recreational use of forests •  Forests can produce valuable non-timber products •  Model Forests can provide useful management ideas
  7. 7. Opportunity HighlightsRenewable Energy •  Almost all renewable energy is produced in a rural setting •  Communities have to be proactive if they want to maximize local benefits from energy projects •  Limited transmission capacity can “lock in” power making it less valuableLocal Food Strategies •  Local food may be a larger market than organic food •  Local food builds urban and rural cohesion •  Local food has to be integrated into the total food supply system
  8. 8. Policy response: encouraging job creation in rural areas1.  Encourage “ Rurban” – rural-urban Partnerships2.  Improve rural business related services e.g. financing (access to venture capital) loan programmes, ICT etc.3.  Encourage innovative service delivery schemes with fiscal incentives and regulation: there are areas that the private sectors can be encourage to enter increasing employment opportunities.
  9. 9. Flexibility in identifying service providers•  Flexibility in “who” provides the services. The inclusion and active participation of a wide range of stakeholders is proving indispensable for improving rural service delivery. In particular, NGOs, private businesses, financial institutions, and citizens. –  Public-private partnerships, are being increasingly applied for the provision of public services in rural Spain. This scheme has the advantage of mobilising new resources for both infrastructure and services in rural areas. –  La Caixa, one of Spain’s leading savings bank, recently set itself the social objective to “develop the rural territory with the aim of maintaining the rural population as well as providing inhabitants with a standard of living similar to that of urban areas. 8