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Social Europe
National Youth Guarantee
Schemes
Capacity Building Seminar –
Supporting Youth in Entrepreneurship
Brussels, ...
Social Europe
Key problems for youth employment
• Macro-economic environment
• Young people dropping out of education or w...
Social Europe
A Youth Guarantee
Council Recommendation of 22 April 2013: Member States
 ensure that all young people up ...
Social Europe
Self-employment under the Youth
Guarantee
• Self-employment is a valid offer under Youth
Guarantee, if appro...
Social Europe
Examples of measures to support YG on
entrepreneurship and self-employment
• YG recital 14 on
entrepreneursh...
Social Europe
Youth entrepreneurship in the YGIPs
• Youth Guarantee Implementation Plans (YGIPs)
from all 28 MS setting ou...
Social Europe
Some promising examples…
Social Europe
Promising example from Estonia
• Entrepreneurship education is already embedded
into school system.
Social Europe
Promising example from Lithuania
• Entrepreneurship education will be provided as
continued education.
• YGI...
Social Europe
Promising example from Portugal
• The Youth Investment Initiative is a new
measure, which aims at supporting...
Social Europe
Promising example from Finland
• Measures include supporting and developing new
forms of entrepreneurship th...
Social Europe
Promising example from France
• Entrepreneurship are envisaged to be a part of
school programmes.
• PEPITES ...
Social Europe
Promising example from Malta
• There is a specific measure (Youth
Entrepreneurship Scheme) to promote
entrep...
Social Europe
Promising example from Poland
• The Youth Guarantee includes support for
entrepreneurship.
• The Academic Ca...
Social Europe
Promising example from Ireland
• Entrepreneurship education is a new measure,
which was initiated in 2014.
•...
Social Europe
Promising example from Croatia
• Entrepreneurial learning is being rolled out
nationally at all levels, and ...
Social Europe
Promising example from Slovenia
• Entrepreneurship education is integrated at all
levels of education.
• YGI...
Social Europe
Promising example from Slovenia (2)
Implementation The Plan explicitly addresses
"preventive action" and for...
Social Europe
Promising example from the UK
• Support to entrepreneurs is provided through the
New Enterprise Allowance pr...
Social Europe
Promising example from the UK (2)
• Entrepreneurship included in schools' careers
advice.
• Support for entr...
Social Europe
Promising example from Spain
• The ES YGIP fits into a comprehensive national
strategy, called the Youth Ent...
Social Europe
But also, lack of strategic approach
to entrepreneurship
within the YG schemes…
Social Europe
Country A
• There is no indication if entrepreneurship
education is, or will be provided in school or as
con...
Social Europe
Country B
• There is no information on the provision of
entrepreneurship education, although measures
to sup...
Social Europe
Country C
• Entrepreneurship initiatives exist but integration
into the strategic framework of the YG scheme...
Social Europe
Country D
• No explicit reference to entrepreneurship
education i.e. at secondary level. This could be an
in...
Social Europe
Country E
• School based entrepreneurship education is not
reflected in the formal education system.
Social Europe
Country F
• There is no information on the provision of
entrepreneurship education, although some
measures t...
Social Europe
Good measures are listed in the YG schemes
but
need for a more strategic and integrated approach
to fosterin...
Social Europe
Youth
employment/entrepreneurship –
top political priority
President Juncker – Political Guidelines for nex...
Social Europe
What are we doing?
1) Increase knowledge on entrepreneurship
and self-employment
2) Raise awareness, facilit...
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National Yuth Guarantee Schemes

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The aim of this High-Level Capacity Building Seminar is have an international exchange of information on inclusive entrepreneurship actions across the European Union and on how the European Union Structural Funds can be used to support actions that combine entrepreneurship promotion and social inclusion.

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National Yuth Guarantee Schemes

  1. 1. Social Europe National Youth Guarantee Schemes Capacity Building Seminar – Supporting Youth in Entrepreneurship Brussels, 22-23 September 2014 Ulrike STOROST, Team Leader Unit Sectorial Employment Challenges, Youth Employment & Entrepreneurship European Commission - DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
  2. 2. Social Europe Key problems for youth employment • Macro-economic environment • Young people dropping out of education or work; low skilled youth most at risk of unemployment and exclusion in the longer term • Difficult school-to-work transitions • Growing skills and geographical mismatches  2 million vacancies across EU • Transitions more difficult in countries with segmented labour markets  Macro-economic instruments  Youth Guarantee schemes  Increase the supply of high-quality traineeships and apprenticeships  Reforms in labour market regulation  Labour mobility
  3. 3. Social Europe A Youth Guarantee Council Recommendation of 22 April 2013: Member States  ensure that all young people up to 25  receive a good-quality offer of  employment, continued education, an apprenticeship or a traineeship  within four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education.
  4. 4. Social Europe Self-employment under the Youth Guarantee • Self-employment is a valid offer under Youth Guarantee, if appropriate and if it is likely to lead to sustainable labour market participation  the quality element • The Council Recommendation mentions incentives for self-employment and start-ups among the measures that can make the Youth Guarantee schemes a success.
  5. 5. Social Europe Examples of measures to support YG on entrepreneurship and self-employment • YG recital 14 on entrepreneurship education • Encourage schools and employment services to promote and provide continued guidance on entrepreneurship and self- employment for young people. • YG recital 19 on start-up support • Ensure greater availability of start-up support services • - Training of employment services’ staff and teachers • - Development & implementation of entrepreneurship courses in secondary education • - Training for unemployed young people • - Cooperation between employment services, business support and finance providers (e.g. employment fairs and networking events) • - SME start-up support • - Self-employment support • - Training in business skills for e.g. for unemployed persons, accompanied by entrepreneurship grants
  6. 6. Social Europe Youth entrepreneurship in the YGIPs • Youth Guarantee Implementation Plans (YGIPs) from all 28 MS setting out national YG schemes: 14 Member States – entrepreneurship integrated into the YG schemes 7 Member States – no explicit mentioning of entrepreneurship as part of their YG schemes 7 Member States – very limited allusion to entrepreneurship in YGIPs
  7. 7. Social Europe Some promising examples…
  8. 8. Social Europe Promising example from Estonia • Entrepreneurship education is already embedded into school system.
  9. 9. Social Europe Promising example from Lithuania • Entrepreneurship education will be provided as continued education. • YGIP provides a list of initiatives to develop a network of vocational guidance services in a real and virtual environment, to organise entrepreneurship promotion events and to disseminate information about the YG.
  10. 10. Social Europe Promising example from Portugal • The Youth Investment Initiative is a new measure, which aims at supporting the creation of new businesses by providing "financial support to the investment in the form of a repayable subsidy". • Entrepreneurship education is provided, however only at higher education level.
  11. 11. Social Europe Promising example from Finland • Measures include supporting and developing new forms of entrepreneurship through training, guidance and start up grants, which have already been piloted by regional authorities.
  12. 12. Social Europe Promising example from France • Entrepreneurship are envisaged to be a part of school programmes. • PEPITES are partnership programmes between secondary and higher education. Common programmes between PEPITE and "missions locales" aim to increase access to entrepreneurship for low qualified young people.
  13. 13. Social Europe Promising example from Malta • There is a specific measure (Youth Entrepreneurship Scheme) to promote entrepreneurship.
  14. 14. Social Europe Promising example from Poland • The Youth Guarantee includes support for entrepreneurship. • The Academic Career Offices are mentioned in the context of informing about career possibilities; there will be special measures targeted at the graduates of higher education (e.g. stimulation of entrepreneurship, financial support for starting a company, voucher for a further training, counselling, practical training in a company, etc.)
  15. 15. Social Europe Promising example from Ireland • Entrepreneurship education is a new measure, which was initiated in 2014. • All newly unemployed with low probability of finding another job quickly have group engagement within 2 weeks and individual session with case officer for setting up a Personal Progression Plan - this can include referral to entrepreneurship.
  16. 16. Social Europe Promising example from Croatia • Entrepreneurial learning is being rolled out nationally at all levels, and there are well- presented plans on support for entrepreneurship as an employment option at all levels. • It is positive that there are tailor made programmes for specific sectors, in the Croatian case for young farmers.
  17. 17. Social Europe Promising example from Slovenia • Entrepreneurship education is integrated at all levels of education. • YGIP identifies a need for the entrepreneurial training of teachers which will help to ensure that entrepreneurship education is embedded into the curriculum. • There is a one-stop-shop for young entrepreneurs for training, advice and assistance.
  18. 18. Social Europe Promising example from Slovenia (2) Implementation The Plan explicitly addresses "preventive action" and foresees some measures including in the field of entrepreneurship and innovation. Hiring incentives are planned, as well as start-up support. Financial incentives for recruitment of young people are indicated, also in sectors such as social entrepreneurships, youth and NGOs organisations, in the field of agriculture.
  19. 19. Social Europe Promising example from the UK • Support to entrepreneurs is provided through the New Enterprise Allowance providing access to business mentoring and offering financial support to unemployed people aged 18 and over who want to start their own business. • Start Up Loans scheme supports entrepreneurship. It provides applicants with a mentor, access to resources (including free accounting software) and a loan.
  20. 20. Social Europe Promising example from the UK (2) • Entrepreneurship included in schools' careers advice. • Support for entrepreneurship as a career is provided, both financially and through 'enterprise clubs' which encourage the exchange of support and advice. • Entrepreneurship is being supported through start up loans and allowances.
  21. 21. Social Europe Promising example from Spain • The ES YGIP fits into a comprehensive national strategy, called the Youth Entrepreneurship and Employment Strategy 2013-2016 • Entrepreneurship education is foreseen both in schools and at public employment services with the collaboration of dedicated stakeholders (microcredit providers, employer support entities). • Associations of young entrepreneurs and representative youth organisatiosn participated in the consultation process.
  22. 22. Social Europe But also, lack of strategic approach to entrepreneurship within the YG schemes…
  23. 23. Social Europe Country A • There is no indication if entrepreneurship education is, or will be provided in school or as continued education, only reference to an entrepreneurship seminar for beneficiaries under the Integrated Intervention measure.
  24. 24. Social Europe Country B • There is no information on the provision of entrepreneurship education, although measures to support the young unemployed to become entrepreneurs are included.
  25. 25. Social Europe Country C • Entrepreneurship initiatives exist but integration into the strategic framework of the YG scheme rather underdeveloped.
  26. 26. Social Europe Country D • No explicit reference to entrepreneurship education i.e. at secondary level. This could be an integral part of career guidance for secondary school pupils.
  27. 27. Social Europe Country E • School based entrepreneurship education is not reflected in the formal education system.
  28. 28. Social Europe Country F • There is no information on the provision of entrepreneurship education, although some measures to support the young unemployment to become entrepreneurs are mentioned.
  29. 29. Social Europe Good measures are listed in the YG schemes but need for a more strategic and integrated approach to fostering youth entrepreneurship! •Good practice:  Enhancing skills to facilitate labour market integration through integration of entrepreneurship education into schools/higher education/vocational training centres  Active role for employment services to promote and provide continued guidance and courses on entrepreneurship and self-employment  Ensure greater availability of start-up support services
  30. 30. Social Europe Youth employment/entrepreneurship – top political priority President Juncker – Political Guidelines for next Commission: Emphasis on climate of entrepreneurship and job creation Importance of fostering entrepreneurial mind- sets, of making start-up support services and microfinance more available Use of EU funding to support young entrepreneurs
  31. 31. Social Europe What are we doing? 1) Increase knowledge on entrepreneurship and self-employment 2) Raise awareness, facilitate mutual learning and build capacities in Member States and regions 3) Support entrepreneurship financially The ESF Regulation 2014-2020 investment priority "self-employment, entrepreneurship and business creation"

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