The OECD Skills Strategy: Better skills, better jobs, better lives - Joanne Caddy and Deborah Roseveare


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The OECD Skills Strategy: Better skills, better jobs, better lives - Joanne Caddy and Deborah Roseveare

  1. 1. The OECD Skills StrategyBetter skills, better jobs, better lives
  2. 2. Why do skills matter to countries? 2
  3. 3. Why do skills matter to people? 3
  4. 4. How can we improve skills and their use? 4
  5. 5. The OECD Skills Strategy
  6. 6. OECD Skills StrategyPillar 1: develop relevant skills
  7. 7. Skills beyond school Cross-sectional skill-age profiles for youth by education and work statusMean skill score320310 Youth in education300 Youth in and work290 education280270260 Youth in work250240230 Not in education,220 not in work 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Age Linear (In education only) Linear (In education and work) Linear (Work only) Linear (NEET)
  8. 8. Unused skills may be more likely to atrophy Skills by ageSkill score305295285275265255245235225 15 25 35 45 55 65 No adjustment Age Adjusted for immigrant status and education Adjusted for immigrant status, education and reading engagement
  9. 9. Improve the quantity and quality of skills developed• Encouraging people to learn – Good foundation skills for all – Demand-sensitive and relevant learning involving employers and engaging trade unions – Lifelong skills-oriented learning instead of qualifications-focused education upfront in life course• Encouraging skilled people to enter the country – More flexible labour-migration policies facilitating entry for skilled migrants, encouraging international students to stay, assisting skilled migrants to return – Cross-border skills policies
  10. 10. OECD Skills StrategyPillar 2: activate skills supply  Creating a better match between people’s skills and their jobs  Increasing the demand for high- level skills
  11. 11. 50 70 60 80 90 10 30 40 0 100 20 Sweden Switzerland Norway Estonie New Zealand Denmark Germany Portugal Canada Netherlands Finland Japan Great Britain Spain Austria Australia Czech Republic United StatesSlovak Republic Slovenia France Luxemburg Ireland OECD average Belgium Labour force participation varies Israel Greece Chile Percentage of 25-64-year-olds active in the labour market, 2010 Korea Poland Mexico Hungary Italy Turkey
  12. 12. Optimise the supply of skills• Activating people – Identifying inactive individuals, retrain them, create financial incentives to work, remove other barriers to participation in the labour force• Retaining skilled people – Prevent early retirement, improve employability in later life – Create incentives for skilled people to stay
  13. 13. OECD Skills StrategyPillar 3: use skills effectively
  14. 14. Changes in skills demand and use Problem solving Computer use 1.00 Teamwork 0.80 0.60 Internet use 0.40 Oral communication 0.20 0.00 -0.20 Basic numeracy -0.40 Influence others -0.60 -0.80 -1.00Advanced numeracy Plan own time Write Plan others time Read document type Fine motor skills texts Read prose type texts Gross motor skills Total Service (low-skill) Goods Information (low-skill) Information (high-skill) Managers Knowledge (expert)
  15. 15. Skills mismatches HIGH-SKILL MATCH 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10%MISMATCH-SKILL MISMATCH-SKILL 0% DEFICIT SURPLUS LOW-SKILL MATCH Goods Service (low-skill) Information (low-skill) Information (high-skill) Managers Knowledge (expert)
  16. 16. Ensure the effective use of skills• Matching skills supply and demand – Help employers to make better use of skills – Improve information and transparency in skills and qualifications systems – A strong start in the labour market – Facilitate mobility• Increasing demand for high-level skills – Create more high-skill and high value-added jobs – Help companies and local economies to move to higher value-added markets – Foster entrepreneurship
  17. 17. Next steps• Developing effective national & local skills strategies – New proposal to help countries build effective skills strategies based on the OECD Skills Strategy framework• The OECD Skills Outlook – The 1st edition of a regular flagship publication will be released in October 2013 featuring data from the OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)• skills.oecd – The portal featuring the OECD’s work on skills will be continuously developed and updated
  18. 18. Questions for discussion• How can HEIs adapt their programmes to support skills development?• What challenges will your students face when applying their skills in the world of work?• What do you see as the main skills mismatches?• How could HEIs contribute to shaping and delivering a national skills strategy?