Prioritization-workshop-Peer-Learning:- Canada


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Developing, activating and using skills; insights from the Canadian skills system

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Prioritization-workshop-Peer-Learning:- Canada

  1. 1. The Challenges facing Norway’s skills system today Canadian experience Thomas Townsend October 22-23, 2013
  2. 2. The Canadian System Federal level functions – Macro economic policy – Business development – Employment Insurance • Income support • Retraining through transfers – Public Employment Services (Transfers to Provinces to manage PES) – Learner support ( individual loans and grants) – Immigration Federal level institutions • Department of Finance • Industry Canada • Regional Economic Development Agencies • Employment and Social Development Canada • Service Canada • Citizenship and Immigration
  3. 3. The Canadian System Provincial level functions • Education(all three levels) • Training • Social Assistance • Management of PES • Support to business • Immigration Provincial level institutions • Ministry of Education (Training Colleges and Universities) • Ministry of Employment (Social solidarity) • Ministry of Social Services • Ministry of Industry • Ministry of Innovation • Ministry of Immigration
  4. 4. The Canadian system Local* level functions • Local economic development • Employment services • Primary and secondary education • Community college/University • Poverty reduction • Immigrant settlement Local level institutions • Economic Development Corporation • Employment Centres (public or contracted) • School Board • Community College/University • Poverty reduction roundtable • Local immigration partnerships * Defined by municipal boundaries or administrative region
  5. 5. Canadian Experience of Relevance Canada has a small population, open resource based economy, and an educated population It has well developed systems of governance at all levels. Its geography means that it has a mixture of urban centres and small relatively isolated communities
  6. 6. Canadian experience of relevance to the challenges facing Norway’s skills system today
  7. 7. Strengthening Norway’s Skills System • Promoting a whole of Government approach to skills • Ensuring local flexibility and adaptability for nationally designed policies – Workforce Planning Boards – Program Advisory Committees • Building partnerships at the local and national level to improve policies – Local Immigration Partnerships
  8. 8. Developing relevant skills • Ensuring strong foundation skills for all • Reducing drop-outs – IDEO 16-17 and Youth in Action(educational persistence) – Born to Be and Launch(alternative pathways) • Informing educational choices – Future ready program and Bridge program – Hamilton employment crawl
  9. 9. Activating skills supply • Enhancing labour market participation among those receiving disability benefits • Encouraging labour market participation among low skilled youth – Mining readiness program • Ensuring Norwegians remain active longer – Second career
  10. 10. Using skills effectively • Engaging employers in ensuring a highly skilled workforce – The Act to promote workforce skills development and recognition – Workplace apprenticeship program • Promoting entrepreneurship – Entrepreneurial centre Shawinigan – Défi de l’entrepreneuriat jeunesse • Enhancing the use of migrant workers skills – Foreign credentials and skills recognition