Skills in Norway:
Prioritising Challenges
OECD SKILLS STRATEGY
KEY FINDINGS FROM THE SURVEY OF ADULT SKILLS

Prioritizatio...
Survey of Adult Skills
in brief
157 000 adults across
24 countries/economies
representing 724 million
Answered a questionn...
3
Challenge 1: Ensure Strong Foundation Skills For All
.

Distribution of numeracy proficiency scores
5th

25th

percentile
...
Challenge 1: Ensure Strong Foundation Skills For All
.

Distribution of literacy proficiency scores
.

5th
percentile

25t...
Mean score on numeracy by age group
55- 65

Korea

Spain

France

Poland

Finland

Netherlands

45- 54

Flanders…

Italy

...
All adult education and training
by literacy proficiency
Per cent

Below level 1

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4/5

10...
Challenge 2: Reduce Drop-outs

Literacy proficiency: score differences by educational attainment
Score point difference
70...
Challenge 3: Inform Educational Choices
Introduction of new processes or technologies
Per cent

Low-skilled
clerical

High...
Challenge 3: Inform Educational Choices

Relative earnings from employment by educational attainment
190

Index

Below upp...
13
Challenge 4: Enhancing Participation Among Those
Receiving Disability Benefit

Disability benefit recipients as a percenta...
Challenge 4: Enhancing Participation Among Those
Receiving Disability Benefit
.

Labour market status for adults at each l...
Challenge 5: Increase Attachment Among Low-Skilled
Effect of education and literacy on labour market participation
.

1.8
...
Challenge 6: Ensuring Norwegians Remain
Active Longer
Labour market status by age and gender

1
7
1
9
Challenge 7: Engaging Employers in Ensuring
a Highly-Skilled Workforce

Percentage of workers who are over/under qualified...
Challenge 8: Promoting Entrepreneurship
Self-employment as a share of total employment
.

2
2
Challenge 9: Enhancing the Use of Migrant
Worker Skills

2
4
Challenge 10: A Whole of Government Approach

Involving a broad set of stakeholders
.

• Successful skills strategies can
...
Challenge 11: Local Flexibility and Adaptability
Stark Disparities across regions
.

1
Oslo
0.8

Skills
Shortage

Akershus...
Challenge 12: Building Partnerships for
Implementation

• Building Partnerships
• Collecting Information
• Collecting info...
Thank you
Emily Farchy
Education and Skills
Emily.Farchy@oecd.org
Kristine Langenbucher

Employment, Labour and Social Aff...
Skills in Norway: Prioritising Challenges (OECD Skills Strategy - Key findings from the Survey of Adult Skills)
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Skills in Norway: Prioritising Challenges (OECD Skills Strategy - Key findings from the Survey of Adult Skills)

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Developing, activating and using skills; insights from the Norwegian skills system

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Skills in Norway: Prioritising Challenges (OECD Skills Strategy - Key findings from the Survey of Adult Skills)

  1. 1. Skills in Norway: Prioritising Challenges OECD SKILLS STRATEGY KEY FINDINGS FROM THE SURVEY OF ADULT SKILLS Prioritization Workshop Oslo 23rd October
  2. 2. Survey of Adult Skills in brief 157 000 adults across 24 countries/economies representing 724 million Answered a questionnaire about themselves Provided information about the skills they use at work Completed internationally agreed assessment of literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments 1
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Challenge 1: Ensure Strong Foundation Skills For All . Distribution of numeracy proficiency scores 5th 25th percentile percentile Mean and .95 confidence interval for mean 75th percentile 95th percentile Japan Finland Flanders… Netherlands Sweden Norway Denmark Slovak Republic Czech Republic Austria Estonia Germany Average Australia Canada Korea England/N.… Poland Ireland France United States Italy Spain 100 150 200 250 300 350 Scor 400
  5. 5. Challenge 1: Ensure Strong Foundation Skills For All . Distribution of literacy proficiency scores . 5th percentile 25th percentile Mean and .95 confidence interval for mean 75th percentile 95th percentile Japan Finland Netherlands Australia Sweden Norway Estonia Flanders… Czech Republic Slovak Republic Canada Average Korea England/N.… Denmark Germany United States Austria Poland Ireland France Spain Italy 100 150 200 250 300 350 Scor 400
  6. 6. Mean score on numeracy by age group 55- 65 Korea Spain France Poland Finland Netherlands 45- 54 Flanders… Italy Austria 35- 44 Australia Ireland 25-34 Estonia Germany 16 - 24 Average Canada Czech… Slovak… Japan Sweden Denmark Norway United States England/NI… Challenge 1: Ensure Strong Foundation Skills For All Score 325 300 275 250 225 200 6
  7. 7. All adult education and training by literacy proficiency Per cent Below level 1 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4/5 100 80 60 40 20 0 8
  8. 8. Challenge 2: Reduce Drop-outs Literacy proficiency: score differences by educational attainment Score point difference 70 60 50 Difference between tertiary and below upper secondary Difference between tertiary and upper secondary 40 30 20 10 0 -10 9
  9. 9. Challenge 3: Inform Educational Choices Introduction of new processes or technologies Per cent Low-skilled clerical High-skilled clerical Low-skilled manual High-skilled manual Total 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 Poland Greece Hungary Czech Republic Slovenia Spain Italy Portugal France Slovak Republic Estonia Average Austria Korea Germany Belgium Ireland Netherlands United Kingdom Denmark Norway Finland Sweden 20 Share of workers who reported introduction of new processes or technologies in their current workplace during previous three years that affected their work 10
  10. 10. Challenge 3: Inform Educational Choices Relative earnings from employment by educational attainment 190 Index Below upper secondary education Tertiary education Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education 170 150 130 110 90 70 New Zealand Sweden Denmark Norway Korea Belgium Australia Estonia Canada Spain Finland France Japan Italy Greece OECD average Switzerland Austria Germany Netherlands United Kingdom Ireland Poland Portugal United States 50 11
  11. 11. 13
  12. 12. Challenge 4: Enhancing Participation Among Those Receiving Disability Benefit Disability benefit recipients as a percentage of the population aged 20-64 1 4
  13. 13. Challenge 4: Enhancing Participation Among Those Receiving Disability Benefit . Labour market status for adults at each literacy skill 15
  14. 14. Challenge 5: Increase Attachment Among Low-Skilled Effect of education and literacy on labour market participation . 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 Odds ratio Years of education Proficiency in literacy Statistically significant differences are marked in a darker tone
  15. 15. Challenge 6: Ensuring Norwegians Remain Active Longer Labour market status by age and gender 1 7
  16. 16. 1 9
  17. 17. Challenge 7: Engaging Employers in Ensuring a Highly-Skilled Workforce Percentage of workers who are over/under qualified over/under-skilled (literacy) . Under-skilled Sweden Underqualification Overqualification Finland Over-skilled Canada Netherlands Estonia Poland Denmark Flanders… England/N… Norway United… Australia Japan Average Korea Italy Slovak… Germany Ireland Czech… Spain Austria %40 % 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 % 40
  18. 18. Challenge 8: Promoting Entrepreneurship Self-employment as a share of total employment . 2 2
  19. 19. Challenge 9: Enhancing the Use of Migrant Worker Skills 2 4
  20. 20. Challenge 10: A Whole of Government Approach Involving a broad set of stakeholders . • Successful skills strategies can be characterised by ‘institutional thickness’ - supported by a dense network of stakeholders from both the public and private sectors • Many stakeholders have a role to play including public employment services, economic development actors, vocational education institutes, universities, unions, e mployers, industry representatives Employment Services Vocational training / universities Unions Economic development Local councils actors Employers & employers associations 2 7
  21. 21. Challenge 11: Local Flexibility and Adaptability Stark Disparities across regions . 1 Oslo 0.8 Skills Shortage Akershus Rogaland High Skill Equilibrium 0.6 Hordaland 0.4 Buskerud Sør-Trøndelag 0.2 -1 -0.8 Møre og Romsdal Vest-Agder Aust-Agder Troms Romsa Sogn og Fjordane 0 Telemark Vestfold -0.6 -0.4 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 Østfold-0.2 Nordland Finnmark -0.2 Hedmark Nord-Trøndelag Oppland Rural Intermediate 0.8 -0.4 -0.6 Low Skill Equilibrium -0.8 -1 Skills Surplus 1 Metropolitan
  22. 22. Challenge 12: Building Partnerships for Implementation • Building Partnerships • Collecting Information • Collecting information • Using information • Effecting Evaluation • Scale up success • Scale down those that are not working
  23. 23. Thank you Emily Farchy Education and Skills Emily.Farchy@oecd.org Kristine Langenbucher Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Kristine.Langenbucher@oecd.org Jonathan Barr Local Employment and Economic Development Jonathan.Barr@oecd.org Pierce O’Reilly Centre for Tax Policy Pierce.oreilly@oecd.org 30

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