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Building an Effective Skills Strategy for Portugal: Moving from Diagnosis to Action – Skills Action Workshop, Lisbon 4 May 2017

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This OECD presentation first outlines the major trends impacting the demand for skills globally and the key skills challenges facing Portugal including the low qualifications of the adult population. It then presents the goals and priority areas of the Action Phase of the project “Building a National Skills Strategy for Portugal” and the objectives and structure of the Skills Action workshop held in Lisbon on 4 May 2017 with about 100 stakeholders from a wide range of sectors.

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Building an Effective Skills Strategy for Portugal: Moving from Diagnosis to Action – Skills Action Workshop, Lisbon 4 May 2017

  1. 1. Joanne Caddy, Team Leader, National Skills Strategies OECD Directorate for Education & Skills 4 May 2017 Building an effective skills strategy for Portugal: Moving from Diagnosis to Action Skills Action Workshop
  2. 2. Why focus on skills? 2
  3. 3. 3 Mega-trends with an impact on skills Changing: What jobs will be created How, where and by whom they are carried out Technology DigitalisationGlobalisation Environmental change Ageing Societies
  4. 4. 4 Changing demand for skills Source: Autor, David H. and Brendan M. Price. 2013. "The Changing Task Composition of the US Labor Market: An Update of Autor, Levy, and Murnane (2003)." MIT Mimeograph, June.
  5. 5. Labour productivity growth (2001 = 100) Manufacturing Services Source: OECD, The Future of Productivity, forthcoming Growing productivity gaps between firms
  6. 6. Inequality is rising 6 Trends in real household incomes Bottom, middle and top income earners; OECD average; 1985 = 1 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1985 1995 2005 Bottom 10% Bottom 40% Source: OECD Income Distribution Database (IDD) Note: OECD is the unweighted average of 17 countries (Canada, Germany, Denmark, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, New Zealand, Sweden and United States).
  7. 7. 7 Technology is transforming life and work  Robotics  Artificial intelligence  Internet of Things  3D printing  Synthetic biology  Brain enhancements  Nanomaterials  Etc.
  8. 8. Inspired by “The race between technology and education” Pr. Goldin & Katz (Harvard) Industrial revolution Digital revolution Universal public schooling Technology Skills Social pain Prosperity The Race between Technology and Skills Prosperity Social pain
  9. 9. 9 OECD Skills Strategy framework National Skills Strategy Country projects:  Cross-government  Engaging stakeholders  Systems thinking  User-centred
  10. 10. Moving from diagnosis to action 10
  11. 11. Mapping Portugal’s main skills challenges 11
  12. 12. Selected key indicators: changes from 2015 to 2017 Educational performance (PISA 2015) – Average score – % low performers – % high performers – Equity Labour market outcomes – Unemployment – Long term unemployed 12 Portugal’s skills landscape today
  13. 13. Portuguese adults have low qualifications… Percentage of 25-34 year-old adults with below upper seconary education, by gender (2015) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Total Men Women % Source: Figure A1.1 in Education at a Glance 2016: OECD Indicators. Over 30% of young adults aged 25-34 years have not completed upper secondary education. 13
  14. 14. …while participation in adult learning is too low Adult learning participation in Portugal is around the EU average, but has slightly declined since 2012. As many adults have low qualifications, more needs to be done. 14 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Switzerland Denmark Sweden Iceland Finland Mprway Netherlands France Luxembourg UnitedKingdom Austria Estonia Slovenia EU28 Spain Portugal CzechRepublic Germany Italy Malta Hungary Belgium Ireland Lithuania Latvia Turkey Poland Croatia Slovakia Macedonia Bulgaria Romania 2012 2015 Adult participation in lifelong learning 25-64 (2012 and 2015) Source: Eurostat 2016 (database on lifelong learning).
  15. 15. 15 Future demand in Portugal -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 Share employment 2015 Projected employment growth (2015-2025) Employment share 2015 and projected growth (% change) 2015-2015 by sector Source: OECD calculations based on employment by activities and status (OECD.Stat 2017) and CEDEFOP (Skills Panorama 2017).
  16. 16. Adult learning
  17. 17. 17 Goals for Portugal’s Action Phase National Skills Strategy Diagnostic Phase Recent data on Portugal Government of Portugal National Reform Programme #1 Qualifications of the Population Action Phase for Portugal Goal: deliver concrete recommendations for action Focus: adult learning, embedded in the wider skills system Timeline: Feb. 2017- Feb. 2018 Methods: two stakeholder workshops, technical meetings with National Project Team, OECD and national data
  18. 18. 18 Four priority areas for the Action Phase 1. Attractive to adult learners (raise awareness of value of skills) 2. Accessible, diverse and high quality 3. Relevant to Portugal’s labour market and economy 4. Sustainable (supported by effective financing) 2. Making adult learning more accessible and high quality 3. Making skills developed by adults more relevant to Portugal’s economy 4. Ensuring the effective financing of adult skills and learning 1. Raising awareness about the value of skills Improving adult learning in Portugal by…
  19. 19. Today’s action workshop 19
  20. 20.  To collect insights from a broad range of stakeholders on Portugal’s adult learning system to better understand: – Who are the users? – What is working well? – What could be improved?  To engage stakeholders in thinking about adult learning in new ways: – Focus on the demand for skills, now and in the future – The diversity of user needs and experiences – Making change work: the importance of implementation  To provide information and an opportunity for peer-learning across many different stakeholder groups Goals of the Skills Action workshop 20
  21. 21. Skills Action Workshop flowchart 21 DEMAND FOR SKILLS EXERCISE 1 USERS PROFILES EXERCISE 2 TODAY’S SYSTEM EXERCISE 3 TOMORROW’S SYSTEM EXERCISE 4 TOWARDS IMPLEMENTATION EXERCISE 5 Opening remarks Secretary of State of Employment European Commission OECD Closing remarks Minister of Education LUNCH Short presentations on Portugal’s adult learning system in practice
  22. 22. Next Steps for the NSS Action Phase for Portugal Which should be the focus of the Action Phase? What are key components, strengths and weaknesses of current system? What types of approaches would work for Portugal? What actions need to be taken, and by whom? Q1 2017 Q2 2017 Q3 2017 Q4 2017 Q1 2018 9-10 Feb. High- level seminar 22-24 March Short technical mission Portugal data and information OECD data and information KEY INPUTS 3-5 May Skills Action Stakeholder Workshop #1 + technical meetings Understand system and identify potential actions September/ October Skills Action Stakeholder Workshop #2 + technical meetings Discuss draft recommendations Feb. 2018 Final Action Report and Launch
  23. 23.  To provide your good practices about adult learning in Portugal, send them by 30 May 2017 to Patricia.mangeol@oecd.org  To discuss OECD’s work with countries on building more effective skills strategies, contact: Joanne.caddy@oecd.org  To learn more about the OECD’s work on skills visit: skills.oecd.org For feedback and more information…

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