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The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing by Puji Pujiono

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Presentation by Puji Pujiono at the OECD Workshop on Improving the Evidence Base on the Costs of Disasters (21 November 2014). Find more information at http://www.oecd.org/governance/risk/workshoponimprovingtheevidencebaseonthecostsofdisasters.htm.

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The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing by Puji Pujiono

  1. 1. The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing Puji Pujiono Regional Adviser on Disaster Risk Reduction ICT and DRR Division November 2014
  2. 2. Statistics issues: Lack standards Insufficient int’l guide Data fragmentation Lack coordination Motivation Existing initiatives • Historical data /national disaster losses databases: e.g. DesInventar • Predictive loss and damage: e.g. SREX, IPCC • Risk Quantification: e.g. Risk index • Humanitarian assessment: e.g. IRA, MIRA • Post-Disaster Needs Assessment: e.g. DALA, PDNA Slide-1 Rationale Increases losses Disaster-development link Problems: DRM is peripheral in Dev. Data is not comparable Lack regional analysis Forward: linking with SDG & HFA-2
  3. 3. Requirement : methodological development to improve coherence, comparability, and inter-operability of disaster statistics  To enhance evidence-based for policymaking and planning  To improve cross-country and regional analysis  To integrate DRM into post-2015 SDG monitoring Mandate: Towards regional standard for coherent, comparable disaster statistics Tasks: - to establish a basic range of disaster statistics - to monitor member States’ resilience Instruction: To form an Expert Group To report the results to the 72nd ESCAP Commission Session Slide-2
  4. 4. Implementation Expert Group on Disaster-related Statistics in Asia and the Pacific UNESCAP COMMISSION Committee on DRRCommittee on Statistics Chair, Vice Chair(s) Consultative GroupExpert Group Government-nominated technical advisors Regional and international experts Resource persons / observers Secretariat Mar 2015 Jul 2015 2016 FUNCTIONS 1. Develop a strategy to establish a basic range of disaster stats 2. Identify the need for stats in DRM cycle 3. Develop a framework (classification, definitions and standards) 4. Develop guidelines (production and dissemination) 5. Recommend a list of indicators 6. Coordinate with FDES, HFA-2, SDG 7. Report to the Committees (Stats, DRR) Slide 3
  5. 5. • To provide a common framework (consistent concept, methods, guidelines) for collecting and reporting information about disaster occurrence and immediate/direct impacts • To develop and promote standards • To make use of data for meaningful analysis • To allow consistency over time and across sources. • To support policy and decision making • To facilitate exchange and comparability Why Disaster Statistics To provide the basis for DRR measurement and indicators Slide-4
  6. 6. Typical issues Typical decisions and plans Sample of data requirements Peace time: Risk identification, risk prevention  Disaster risks are not known  Dev. is not informed by risks  Dev. exacerbates/creates risks  How Dev. Could prevent/reduce risks ?  How to justify DRR investment ?  How to NOT create /exacerbate risks?  How to identify, predict, forecast risks?  Spatial & temporal dynamics of hazards  Development goals and targets  Vulnerability, exposure  Risk probability Peacetime: Risk reduction, preparedness  Risk profiles are changing  Elements-at-risk are also changing  Risks are accumulating / recurring  Less early warning  How to prevent hazards turning into disasters?  If unavoidable, how to mitigate impact?  How to do no-regret policy in Dev.?  How to ensure early warning & preparedness?  Policy, legal, institutional frameworks  Historical data, forecasted losses  Cost-benefit analysis of DRR  Risks monitors  Level of resilience  Underlying factors Response  Dire situations are rapidly worsening  Urgency to save lives and reduce suffering  Need to put crisis under control  Urgent demand to meet the overwhelming needs  How to determine the impacts and requirements?  How to respond quickly to put crisis under control?  How to manage enormous demands?  How to put help recovery while responding?  Disaster occurrence: temporal, spatial  Disaster type to determine the nature and dynamics of the impacts .  Immediate damage, disruptions  Impacts on people, property, assets  The rapidly changing needs  Types and level of response Medium and long term recovery  Residual humanitarian needs  Precarious post-emergency stability  Less spotlight, slipping into Dev. deficit  How to determine the requirements: rehabilitate, reconstruct, or redevelop?  How to prioritise the recovery sectors given the limited resources?  How to ensure that recovery is NOT rebuilding and worsening risks?  Comprehensive and credible damage, losses, and disruption  Magnitude of requirements to address recovery needs  Coping mechanisms of communities, localities and sectors Data Requirements in different phases of Disaster Risk Management Slide-5
  7. 7.  Countries do collect data  Definitions, terminologies, methods vary  No common classification  Different levels of reporting from local, sub-national to central level  Difficult to report overlap of disaster occurrences  Lack baseline  Issues of coordination between NSOs and DMAs  Various levels of data disaggregation Country Realities From country studies and country sharing Slide-6
  8. 8.  Focusing on occurrence and the immediate/direct impacts of disaster  Building and take forward on the existing works e.g. UNDP, EM-DAT, JRC, and IRDR  Stocktaking of countries’ current practices  Developing a draft framework and, at a later date, implementation guidelines Experts’ Recommendations Slide-7
  9. 9.  Conduct country survey (Nov – Dec)  Presentation at Expert Group meeting on SDG statistics (TBC)  2nd meeting at WCDRR – Sendai (Mar 15)  Reporting to Committees (Mar & Jul 15)  Continue developing the basic range,  Working with UNSD to link with SDG and with ISDR system for post-2015 Framework for DRR  Conducting country pilot implementation, pool of experts  Presenting to the Commission for policy endorsement (Jul ‘16) Follow through Slide-8
  10. 10. Puji Pujiono (Mr.) Regional Adviser on Disaster Risk Reduction ICT and DRR Division United Nations ESCAP Tel. +66 2 288 1332 Mobile +66 917 299 127 E-mail: pujiono@un.org Thank you

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