Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing by Puji Pujiono


Published on

Presentation by Puji Pujiono at the OECD Workshop on Improving the Evidence Base on the Costs of Disasters (21 November 2014). Find more information at

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing by Puji Pujiono

  1. 1. The establishment of a basic range of disaster-related statistics in Asia Pacific: A Briefing Puji Pujiono Regional Adviser on Disaster Risk Reduction ICT and DRR Division November 2014
  2. 2. Statistics issues: Lack standards Insufficient int’l guide Data fragmentation Lack coordination Motivation Existing initiatives • Historical data /national disaster losses databases: e.g. DesInventar • Predictive loss and damage: e.g. SREX, IPCC • Risk Quantification: e.g. Risk index • Humanitarian assessment: e.g. IRA, MIRA • Post-Disaster Needs Assessment: e.g. DALA, PDNA Slide-1 Rationale Increases losses Disaster-development link Problems: DRM is peripheral in Dev. Data is not comparable Lack regional analysis Forward: linking with SDG & HFA-2
  3. 3. Requirement : methodological development to improve coherence, comparability, and inter-operability of disaster statistics  To enhance evidence-based for policymaking and planning  To improve cross-country and regional analysis  To integrate DRM into post-2015 SDG monitoring Mandate: Towards regional standard for coherent, comparable disaster statistics Tasks: - to establish a basic range of disaster statistics - to monitor member States’ resilience Instruction: To form an Expert Group To report the results to the 72nd ESCAP Commission Session Slide-2
  4. 4. Implementation Expert Group on Disaster-related Statistics in Asia and the Pacific UNESCAP COMMISSION Committee on DRRCommittee on Statistics Chair, Vice Chair(s) Consultative GroupExpert Group Government-nominated technical advisors Regional and international experts Resource persons / observers Secretariat Mar 2015 Jul 2015 2016 FUNCTIONS 1. Develop a strategy to establish a basic range of disaster stats 2. Identify the need for stats in DRM cycle 3. Develop a framework (classification, definitions and standards) 4. Develop guidelines (production and dissemination) 5. Recommend a list of indicators 6. Coordinate with FDES, HFA-2, SDG 7. Report to the Committees (Stats, DRR) Slide 3
  5. 5. • To provide a common framework (consistent concept, methods, guidelines) for collecting and reporting information about disaster occurrence and immediate/direct impacts • To develop and promote standards • To make use of data for meaningful analysis • To allow consistency over time and across sources. • To support policy and decision making • To facilitate exchange and comparability Why Disaster Statistics To provide the basis for DRR measurement and indicators Slide-4
  6. 6. Typical issues Typical decisions and plans Sample of data requirements Peace time: Risk identification, risk prevention  Disaster risks are not known  Dev. is not informed by risks  Dev. exacerbates/creates risks  How Dev. Could prevent/reduce risks ?  How to justify DRR investment ?  How to NOT create /exacerbate risks?  How to identify, predict, forecast risks?  Spatial & temporal dynamics of hazards  Development goals and targets  Vulnerability, exposure  Risk probability Peacetime: Risk reduction, preparedness  Risk profiles are changing  Elements-at-risk are also changing  Risks are accumulating / recurring  Less early warning  How to prevent hazards turning into disasters?  If unavoidable, how to mitigate impact?  How to do no-regret policy in Dev.?  How to ensure early warning & preparedness?  Policy, legal, institutional frameworks  Historical data, forecasted losses  Cost-benefit analysis of DRR  Risks monitors  Level of resilience  Underlying factors Response  Dire situations are rapidly worsening  Urgency to save lives and reduce suffering  Need to put crisis under control  Urgent demand to meet the overwhelming needs  How to determine the impacts and requirements?  How to respond quickly to put crisis under control?  How to manage enormous demands?  How to put help recovery while responding?  Disaster occurrence: temporal, spatial  Disaster type to determine the nature and dynamics of the impacts .  Immediate damage, disruptions  Impacts on people, property, assets  The rapidly changing needs  Types and level of response Medium and long term recovery  Residual humanitarian needs  Precarious post-emergency stability  Less spotlight, slipping into Dev. deficit  How to determine the requirements: rehabilitate, reconstruct, or redevelop?  How to prioritise the recovery sectors given the limited resources?  How to ensure that recovery is NOT rebuilding and worsening risks?  Comprehensive and credible damage, losses, and disruption  Magnitude of requirements to address recovery needs  Coping mechanisms of communities, localities and sectors Data Requirements in different phases of Disaster Risk Management Slide-5
  7. 7.  Countries do collect data  Definitions, terminologies, methods vary  No common classification  Different levels of reporting from local, sub-national to central level  Difficult to report overlap of disaster occurrences  Lack baseline  Issues of coordination between NSOs and DMAs  Various levels of data disaggregation Country Realities From country studies and country sharing Slide-6
  8. 8.  Focusing on occurrence and the immediate/direct impacts of disaster  Building and take forward on the existing works e.g. UNDP, EM-DAT, JRC, and IRDR  Stocktaking of countries’ current practices  Developing a draft framework and, at a later date, implementation guidelines Experts’ Recommendations Slide-7
  9. 9.  Conduct country survey (Nov – Dec)  Presentation at Expert Group meeting on SDG statistics (TBC)  2nd meeting at WCDRR – Sendai (Mar 15)  Reporting to Committees (Mar & Jul 15)  Continue developing the basic range,  Working with UNSD to link with SDG and with ISDR system for post-2015 Framework for DRR  Conducting country pilot implementation, pool of experts  Presenting to the Commission for policy endorsement (Jul ‘16) Follow through Slide-8
  10. 10. Puji Pujiono (Mr.) Regional Adviser on Disaster Risk Reduction ICT and DRR Division United Nations ESCAP Tel. +66 2 288 1332 Mobile +66 917 299 127 E-mail: Thank you