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Wildifires – the road to a new model

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Investing in infrastructure: Costs, benefits and effectiveness of disaster risk reduction measures.

Presentation made by:
José Oliveira
Deputy Director for Prevention and Risk Management
National Authority for Emergency and Civil Protection
PORTUGAL

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Wildifires – the road to a new model

  1. 1. Wildifires – the road to a new model José Oliveira Deputy Diretor for Prevention and Risk Management National Authority for Emergency and Civil Protection PORTUGAL OECD – High Level Risk Forum Paris 18-19 September 2019
  2. 2. Portugal is exposed to several (and potential severe) risks  Earthquakes  Tsunamis  Dam breaks  Floods  Wildfires  Industrial accidents  … 01-NOV-1755
  3. 3. Wildfires represent the biggest challenge!!!  Frequent - occur every year  Impact on people – potential victims  Impact on local economy (forest, agriculture, agrofood, …)  Impact in the environment  Visibility Public opinion - political pressure!
  4. 4. Who is affected?  People living in small villages - remote areas  Elderly, low income  Owners of small farms  No insurance policies
  5. 5. Consequences  The end of local economy  Land abandonment  Fostering vulnerability for local communities  Huge economic losses – more than 1 billion euros (worst years)  Environmental consequences (carbon emission targets), rivers, landslides
  6. 6. 1st aproach to solve the problem!  2006 – reform of the civil protection system - following the forest fires of 2003 & 2005  Strengthening responde (firefighting)  New Decree-law for prevention Visible results  Improvement on fire fighting operations (response side)  But… Still not enough… no effective changes in landscape… Why? No economic value… progressive abandonment of rural areas, ageing of population
  7. 7. Trigger to change the model  Wildfires in 2017 • 17 June • 15 October both outside critical period - ~110 victims  2 independent commissions of technical experts have reported the need for structural and significant changes in several dimensions
  8. 8. Reccomendations from Techical experts:  Governance  Land management  Knowledge  Qualification  ICT support and integration  Risk communication (population)  Council of Ministers Resolution – nº 157-A/2017, of October 27th  Integrated National wildfire Management Plan 20-30
  9. 9. Council of Ministers Resolution nº 157-A/2017, of October 27th 4 strategic areas (72 initiatives)  Reform the functional model  Improve communities resilience  Improve territory resilience  Capacitation and Qualification
  10. 10. Governance To manage risk efficiently  Integrate prevention & combat (response)  Integrate plans – land use plan, municipal wildfire defence plans, civil protection plans – include forest fire risk in land use planning and decision!  Support local organizations who are involved in wildfire mitigation efforts  Dedicate material and financial resources to community mitigation efforts – fuel management, communitary machinery, water points, structural shelters reinforcement … CMR 157-A/2017
  11. 11.  “Safe Village, Safe People” programme - 1961 villages covered until now  Improve risk communication  national campaign on self protection and risk reduction (behavior)  automatic population warning network implemented at district level (almost 20M SMS sent in 2018 and 12M SMS in 2019 (sept) ) Improve community resilience > To modify human behaviour CMR 157-A/2017
  12. 12. 3 integrated initiatives –> 1 programme “Safe village” , “Safe people”, “Warning systems” Program “Safe village” • establish "structural measures for the protection of people and property, as well as buildings situated at the urban-forest interface • implementation and management of buffer zones to protect the clusters and strategic infrastructures • identifying critical points and places of refuge and shelters. Program "Safe People" Aims to promote awareness-raising campaigns against risky behaviour, encourage self-protection measures and stage evacuation drills, in liaison with local authorities.“ Warning Systems Implementation of warning systems to inform the population during periods of high forest fire risk. CMR 157-A/2017
  13. 13. Stakeholders • National Civil Protection – Overall coordination of the Programmes – Definition of guidelines – Implementation of national awareness campaigns and national warning systems. • Municipalities and Parishes – Implementation of the Programmes at local level (direct link with the population). • Local safety officers ~ 1550 already nominated “Safe village, Safe people” programme  Village leaders  Volunteers that facilitate dialogue between CP authorities and population  Assist awareness, warning, evacuation and shelter/refuge activities
  14. 14. • Identification of critical clusters and creation of buffer zones to protect the clusters; • Implementation of expedited warning mechanisms to alert the population; • Kits of signs for shelter and direction • Identification and signalling of shelters or places of refuge in the clusters; • Evacuation Plans (728), identifying and signalling evacuation routes; • Drills (204) to test plans and warning mechanisms; • Local awareness campaigns of self-protection measures
  15. 15.  TV spots  Radio announcements  Advertisements in newspapers  Social media  Website  Interactive game (online) • Leaflets in Portuguese (1M/y) • Leaflets in English • Leaflets in other 5 languages
  16. 16. Investment • Civil Protection – national level 2,2 M euros investment (2018, 2019) + 1 M euros investment for SMS • Local level – Municipalities (9 M euros available for projets – start 2020)  Fuel reduction equipments  Awareness campaigns  Improvement of operational centers “Safe village, Safe people” programme
  17. 17.  Credit lines for fuel management (Municipalities Private Owners) – 50 M€/year  Reduced VAT for forestry services  Forestry fund reinforced  Fiscal beneficts available for forestry related investments  Programme for maintenance of wildfire defence structures with pasturage – pilot projects ongoing  Promotion of biomass transformation units National campaign for fuel management  National Programme for Ignition Reduction, with a call center for supporting citizens wishing to burn in a safe context Improve Territory resilience CMR 157-A/2017
  18. 18. Investment Known budgets – public entities  Prevention - Forest & conservation agency (agriculture and environment)  Monitoring and inspection - National Guard (internal affairs)  Fire suppression - Civil Protection, Fire Brigades, aereal assets (internal affairs) Investment Prevention Response 2016 28 M 115 M (80%) 2019 163 M 192 M (54%)  Municipalities  Private entities  Unknown budget
  19. 19. Integrated National Wildfire Management Plan 2030
  20. 20. Phases 1. Planning Governance 6. Post-event 5. Suppression & emergency Qualification 2. Preparedness 3. Prevention IT & Risk Communication 4. Pre- suppression
  21. 21. Integrated National Wildfire Management Plan 2030  Strategic objetives  Activities / Calendar  Targets / goals  Key indicators  Budget (annual / multiannual)  Involved entities (Responsible / Sponsor / …)
  22. 22. Conclusions / Challenges  Economic problem // Social problem  Changing paradigm for investment – from response to prevention  Accountability - need to know integrated budget, need to improve risk communication  DRR efforts need to have integrated view  Promote territorial cohesion  Programmes to promote local business, agrofood related activities…  Effective tax breaks to foster rural economy  Increase resilience - self protection  Public acceptance / support  Who benefits from wildfires?
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention!

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