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Towards youth budgeting - Moritz ADER, OECD

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This presentation was made by Moritz ADER, OECD, at the OECD-MENA meeting dedicated to Budgeting for Societal Outcomes: Gender, Youth and Sustainable Development Goals Budgeting, held in Caserta, Italy, on 18-19 July 2019

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Towards youth budgeting - Moritz ADER, OECD

  1. 1. Towards Youth Budgeting? Evidence from the OECD Moritz Ader, Policy Analyst, Public Governance Directorate
  2. 2. Key facts about youth in MENA – Highest unemployment levels worldwide as a region – Barriers to youth entrepreneurship (e.g. limited access to financial means) – Lack of trust among young people in government institutions – Limited opportunities to shape policy priorities and outcomes  MENA-OECD Governance Programme works with MENA countries on a broader governance agenda Relevance
  3. 3. Embedding mainstreaming tools into a whole-of-government strategy
  4. 4. Governance pillars for positive youth outcomes
  5. 5. Youth-sensitive budgeting is one among several governance tools to mainstream youth concerns in policy making and service delivery – Youth checks – Systematic youth engagement/consultation – National youth laws – Youth-sensitive budgeting Mainstreaming tools
  6. 6. Proposed definition by OECD: “integrate a clear youth perspective within the overall context of the budget process, through the use of special processes and analytical tools, with a view to promoting youth-responsive policies.” (OECD Youth Stocktaking Report, 2018)  It is not about promoting separate budgets for every sub-group in society Youth-sensitive budgeting
  7. 7. • “Youth-sensitive budgeting” suggests that: 1. Budget information should be provided in a way young people can access and understand it and hold government accountable 2. Opportunities exist for youth to shape public expenditure decisions 3. Tools exists to analyse the “youth share”/ inter-generational impact of public expenditures to ensure inter-generational equity 4. Programmes exist to foster financial education and financial literacy among young people Youth-sensitive budgeting
  8. 8. Evidence from the Youth Stocktaking Report 1. Youth-friendly budget information Slovenia: using infographics on public expenditure to present the budget in a youth-friendly way
  9. 9. Evidence from the Youth Stocktaking Report 2. Youth shaping public expenditure decisions Portugal: First country-wide participatory youth budgeting initiative: Orcamento Participativo Jovem Portugal (OPJP)
  10. 10. Evidence from the Youth Stocktaking Report 3. Analysing the inter-generational impact Canada: Gender-Based Analysis Plus (GBA+) presents expected inter-generational impacts
  11. 11. Evidence from the Youth Stocktaking Report 3. Analysing the child-share of public expenditures Mexico: adopted a law introducing “child spending markers” to estimate and create a baseline of government spending on children
  12. 12. 4. Financial education and financial literacy OECD report on financial education in schools (2012): explains why and how children should be prepared to take charge of their own financial future Evidence from the OECD
  13. 13. • 52 participating countries • Explores at global scale the performance of governments and public administrations in delivering deliver youth- responsive policies and services The way forward: OECD Youth Governance Survey
  14. 14. • Budget-related questions: – Share of annual public budget going to ministry in charge of (coordinating) youth affairs – Share of budget available for national youth strategy – Budget actually used for youth policies and services - depends on institutional structure of ministry – Cases of participatory budgeting targeting youth The way forward: OECD Youth Governance Survey
  15. 15. https://www.oecd.org/gov/ youth-stocktaking- report.pdf OECD data collection exercises
  16. 16. Moritz.Ader@oecd.org http://www.oecd.org/mena/governance/promoting-youth-inclusion-and-empowerment/ Thank you

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