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The National Risk and Capability Assessment (NRCA)

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Presentation: Al Bender

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The National Risk and Capability Assessment (NRCA)

  1. 1. The National Risk and Capability Assessment (NRCA) December 4, 2019
  2. 2. Federal Emergency Management Agency The National Preparedness Goal  The National Preparedness Goal (“the Goal”) is the cornerstone of the National Preparedness System (NPS)  The Goal outlines five mission areas and 32 core capabilities that define preparedness  The NPS describes a whole-community process employed to build, sustain, and deliver the core capabilities to achieve the Goal 2 A secure and resilient Nation with the capabilities required across the whole community to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk
  3. 3. Federal Emergency Management Agency The National Risk and Capability Assessment (NRCA)  The NRCA is a suite of risk and capability assessments that when analyzed together paint a picture of national preparedness  Community-level Risk and Capability Assessment  National-level Risk Assessment and Capability Assessment  The NRCA looks at community capabilities and then asks what capabilities the rest of the Nation can provide to support those communities  These assessments will identify:  National requirements  Community capabilities  National and federal capabilities  National gaps 3 FEMA is required by law to establish “tiered, capability-specific performance objectives” to assess national preparedness
  4. 4.  In 2018, FEMA updated the methodology for the risk and capability assessments to simplify the overall process, standardize the data, and help communities conduct more comprehensive assessments Federal Emergency Management Agency 4 NRCA Components: Community Risk and Capability Assessment The Community Risk and Capability Assessment helps communities answer fundamental strategic questions about their preparedness
  5. 5.  Impacts are the likely outcomes of a threat or a hazard that drive capability requirements, which are measured by a capability target  Each target contains an impact and a timeframe metric structured around operational outcomes  Impacts drive the level of capability required to manage the events  Timeframe metrics describe when, or for how long, a capability needs to be delivered to manage the event Federal Emergency Management Agency 5 NRCA Components: Community Risk and Capability Assessment – Standard Language All communities that complete the Community Risk and Capability Assessment use standard impact and capability target language
  6. 6.  The 2019 National RiskAssessment follows the Community RiskAssessment process, using models and subject matter expert feedback to:  Identify threats and hazards that would most stress the Nation’s capabilities and their likely impacts  Describe the national capability required to manage those events  The National Capability Assessment (development beginning in 2020) will follow the Community capability assessment process and:  Assess the level of capability federal departments and agencies, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector can provide to support communities  Describe the national gaps that still remain after that support is provided Federal Emergency Management Agency 6 NRCA Components: National Risk and Capability Assessment The National Risk and Capability Assessments use the same metrics and processes as communities to determine national-level capability gaps
  7. 7. Federal Emergency Management Agency The NRCA and Emergency Management How the NRCA Drives Emergency Management:  Planning: Enables plans to more accurately reflect risk and capability  Exercises: Provides scenarios and data to support exercise development and evaluation  Operations: Helps to facilitate conversions about community capability and inform Federal operational support  Continuous Improvement: Supports the evaluation of existing capabilities to either validate them or identify areas for improvement  Training & Other Investments: Strategic investments help to target and prioritize funding and resources to the areas of greatest need, and to ensure grants are used effectively 7
  8. 8.  2019: Release National RiskAssessment  Published a document outlining the process and methodology (NationalTHIRA: Overview and Methodology) in July 2019  2020: Begin NationalCapabilityAssessment  The process to develop the National Capability Assessment will begin in 2020  When complete, FEMA will release public results of the NRCA through the National Preparedness Report Federal Emergency Management Agency 8 Next Steps: NRCA Products

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