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Mona Chammas, Session 6


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Presentation by Mona Chammas at the OECD Global Conference on Governance Innovation which took place in Paris on 13-14 January 2020. Further information is available at

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Mona Chammas, Session 6

  1. 1. ACCOUNTABILITY & LIABILITY IN AN A.I. WORLD Mona Caroline Chammas OECD 14 Jan 2020 Governance Innovation Conference ©GOVERN&LAW
  2. 2. 2 « How do we manage liability and accountability in an A.I.-driven world? » ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. 3©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. DISTINGUISH: Focus: Something to get done, Someone to take care of Focus: Norms to care about, Comply and explain Focus: Harm, wrongdoing TO ACCOUNT, BE ANSWERABLE FOR ACTION, DECISION AUTHORITY, CONTROL ON RELEVANT ACTION REPAIR, PUNISHED IF GOES WRONG CRIMIN / ADMIN / CIVIL 4©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  5. 5. 5©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  6. 6. 6 Today’s headache: government is used to focus on REGULATE & ENFORCE = a Liability World ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  7. 7. Liability shortcomings in an A.I. world: - Wait for harm or wrongdoing - Dark side of A.I. & regulation - Opposes innovation ↔ government / people - Iceberg tip, 99% gone unknown - Too late, too expensive, too small - Case by case, nothing universal 7©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. 8 A.I. LAWS Today’s challenge: THE TWO BLACK BOXES Can artifical and legal intelligence become « intelligible »? ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  9. 9. INNOVATORS & GOVERNMENTS biggest opportunity & urgency: ACCOUNTABILITY 1 . E C O S Y ST E M R E C I P R O CA L I N T E L L I G E N C E 2 . R I S K M A N AG E M E N T & P R I O R I T I E S 3 . N E W S C R E E N I N G G R I D + W AY S TO CO M E F O R W A R D 4 . S U S TA I N A B L E I N V E ST M E N T & R E S P O N S I B L E I N N O VAT I O N GOOD FOR EVERYONE FOR SALE ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 9
  10. 10. Artifical Intelligence Legal/ethical Intelligence Unaddressed questions… New duty to self-assess To come forward To be ready for checks To account for. Smart exposure analysis 10©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  11. 11. 1. Accountability in light of what? ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 11
  12. 12. What is your one-page grid of binding core rules/values for any innovation? LAW and A.I. HAVE IN COMMON: - S hape how humans act and i nteract w ith each other s and their environment - S uffer fro m mul tipl icity, opaci ty, comp lexity, inconsistency, v ar iab ility REGULATION IS DEAD... LONG LIVE HUMAN RIGHTS? ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 12
  13. 13. 2. Who’s behind the A.I. wheel? ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 13
  14. 14. Artificial = man-made... Multiplicity, complexity, inter-dependency, invisibility Novel universal duty on AI actors, contributors: (i) to map their respective involvement & governance (ii) to map actual and potential risks ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 14
  15. 15. ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 15
  16. 16. 3. The trolley problem is dead. Long live the legitimacy question. ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 16
  17. 17. 17 « The critical question is not whether the self-driving car should kill its passenger or the pregnant pedestrian. It is who is legimitate to make that decision in the first place? » GOVERN&LAW #Democracy #Legitimacy #A.I.Integrity ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved
  18. 18. 4. Who’s best placed to hold accountable? ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 18
  19. 19. ©GOVERN&LAW - All Rights Reserved 19
  20. 20. GOVERN & LAW Integrity. Good Governance. Better Law. Mona Caroline Chammas Attorney & Integrity Director | +33 (0)7 77 46 53 03 Ideas and models herein contained are the intellectual property of ©GOVERN&LAW. Thanks for respecting it. We look forward to working further with you.