Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Public Participation - Mihaela BRONIC, Croatia

18 views

Published on

This presentation was made by Mihaela BRONIC, Institute of Public Finance, Croatia, at the 14th CESEE SBO meeting held in Zagreb, Croatia, on 24-25 May 2018.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Public Participation - Mihaela BRONIC, Croatia

  1. 1. Croatia: Public participation in national level budget process Mihaela Bronić Institute of Public Finance Zagreb, Croatia Senior Budget Officials CESEE - SBO Zagreb, May 25, 2018
  2. 2. The structure of presentation • National level public participation in budget process is not satisfactory • Obstacles are numerous • A way forward might include: • increased budget literacy/citizens education • more opportunities for PP.
  3. 3. Numerous obstacles for PP Graph 1. Online survey about PP in Croatia (in %) Source: Ott and Bronic, 2015. Citizen Participation in Fiscal Policy and Budgetary Processes in Croatia, Newsletter, No. 96. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Have personally tried to take part in the BP Citizens should take part in the BP Too few opportunities for citizens to be involved in the BP Central and local governments hide some budgetary facts from citizens
  4. 4. Numerous obstacles for PP Graph 2: Croatia - Citizens dissatisfaction with: Source: European Commission, 2017. Standard Eurobarometer 88 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Political parties National government Parliament Regional or local government Public administration 2016 2017
  5. 5. Numerous obstacles for PP - Engaging citizens is not easy 1. Few opportunities for PP in BP on national level 2. Public criticism and distrust → PP is not worth • politicians are corrupt • decisions have already been made by politicians • citizens do not know have their inputs been used • it is not safe to participate (you may even lose your job if you work in public sector) 3. Lack of • interest and understanding of the PP in BP (importance of PP, how and where to participate) • understanding of technically presented long budget documents and deciding what is (not)important (too much details) • citizens' time (too much work or personal obligations) Source: Partly adopted from Giering , S. 2011. PP Strategies for Transit.
  6. 6. Numerous obstacles for PP (within government institutions) • Inadequate financial and staff resources • Difficulties obtaining interest from the elected top officials • Lack of will (government employees have many other tasks, they do not want more tasks) • Lack of time - the budgets are made in the last minute • Most of the budget items are already predefined (e.g. employees costs…) Source: Partly adopted from Giering , S. 2011. PP Strategies for Transit.
  7. 7. Increased budget literacy/citizens education along with more PP opportunities (multiple mechanisms, not dependent on time and space) are needed citizens should be motivated
  8. 8. Aimed at 1. improving LBT 2. an interactive tool for direct communication between citizens and the mayor • Citizens • get acquainted with the actual budget • choose projects which they would like to see realized, which are not included in the existing budget • The statistics relating to the chosen projects is used when the budget is planned for the next year Good example: Online Educational Budget Game Proracun(ajme) – City of Rijeka Source: https://www.vojko-obersnel.com/hr/proracunaj-me/2018
  9. 9. 1. Homepage Introductory text about the current budget and the game Educational part: keywords are explained (e.g. communal fee) Proracun(ajme) – City of Rijeka
  10. 10. 2. Game (1. part) Citizens choose projects that are not in their current budget (Total maximum amount of selected projects: ≈ US$ 10 mil.)
  11. 11. 2. Game (2. part) By reducing items of current budget or raising communal fees citizens provide funds for the implementation of selected projects Alarms alert citizens to what happens when an item of current budget decreases or communal fee increases
  12. 12. 3. Report: Selected projects and how are they funded Comparison of citizens' budget to the current budget
  13. 13. Increased budget literacy/citizens education along with more PP opportunities (multiple mechanisms, not dependent on time and space) are needed citizens should be motivated How to increase national level PP?
  14. 14. 1. Online educational budget game (like in Rijeka) on the level of each line ministry? 2. Online surveys, focus groups – to find out • who is (not)participating and why? • opinions of the performance indicators in strategic plans of different ministries (are they adopted too ambitious/modest)? • like in Standard Eurobarometer – opinions on EU 2020 targets – e.g. Target - To increase energy efficiency in EU by 20% by 2020? 3. Introducing budget literacy courses into school curricula (as a part of civil education at all levels of education)? How to increase national level PP?
  15. 15. Thank you  Your comments and suggestions are welcome… 15

×