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OECD SUPPORT PROJECT FOR RISK
MANAGEMENT IN MOROCCO
Workshop on Knowledge and Risk Assessment
3-4 April 2017, Rabat
NATION...
Mexico,
a diverse
country
Mexico, a country with multiple risks
Eartquakes
Volcanoes
Hurricanes
Landslides
Drought index
Wild Fire
Climate Change (Extreme phenomena)
Risk Agenda
Phenomena
established in the
General Law of Civil
Protection
Regulatory framework
Article 19. The executive coordination of the National System will fall to the secretariat through
the National Coordinati...
Chapter XVII Of the Analysis of Risks
Article 110. Risk analysis is an orderly and
systematic method for identifying and
e...
Article 113. The elaboration of the National
Atlas of Risks can be carried out in a
permanent way and by progressive stage...
I. General provisions
II. Disturbing phenomena
III. Components of a risk atlas
IV. Geological phenomena
V. Hydrometeorolog...
System Design
Information and communication technologies
Diagram 1.- CENAPRED Network
LAN and WAN connections
Switch Layer 2 / Layer3
Switch Layer 2
Optical fiber single-mode 12-w...
ANR
National Risk Atlas
Risk Information System
Metadata Catalog
Inter-institutional coordination
Federal Public
Administation
Federative Entities
Municipalities
Perimeters of urban
consolidation
Flood hazard
Seismic haz...
The National Risk Atlas
Systems integrated in the National Atlas of Risks
Level of complexity
Number
of Layers
(dynamic)
Number
of visits,
Monthly...
Examples of use
Other tools in Mexico
Recommendations
• Facilitate linkages across risk atlases at
all levels, and develop synergies
between
SAVER and R-FONDEN....
10 keys for risk assesment
1. Use standards (OGC)
2. Only one geographic framework (projection, datum)
3. Make metadata
4....
10 keys for risk assesment
7. Make clear the importance of risk assessment, which is useful to
convince users and other in...
What have we learned?
• Risk assessment is a difficult and long-term task.
• There must be an institution with technical c...
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique
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Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique

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Projet d'appui de l'OCDE pour la gestion des risques au Maroc - 3-4 Avril 2017. Info : www.oecd.org/fr/gov/risques/projet-appui-ocde-gestion-risques-maroc-atelier-avril-2017.htm

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Oscar Zepeda Ramos : Atlas national des risques au mexique

  1. 1. OECD SUPPORT PROJECT FOR RISK MANAGEMENT IN MOROCCO Workshop on Knowledge and Risk Assessment 3-4 April 2017, Rabat NATIONAL RISK ATLAS The Mexican Experience
  2. 2. Mexico, a diverse country
  3. 3. Mexico, a country with multiple risks
  4. 4. Eartquakes
  5. 5. Volcanoes
  6. 6. Hurricanes
  7. 7. Landslides
  8. 8. Drought index
  9. 9. Wild Fire
  10. 10. Climate Change (Extreme phenomena)
  11. 11. Risk Agenda
  12. 12. Phenomena established in the General Law of Civil Protection
  13. 13. Regulatory framework
  14. 14. Article 19. The executive coordination of the National System will fall to the secretariat through the National Coordination, which has the following powers in matters of civil protection: XXII To supervise, through CENAPRED, that the national atlas of risks be carried out and kept up to date, as well as those corresponding to the federative entities, municipalities and delegations; (9) 1.General Law of Civil Protection (05/12/2000) Article 12. The executive coordination of the National System will fall to the Ministry of the Interior, which has the following powers in matters of civil protection: XVII. Develop and update the National Risk Atlas; (1) 2. General Law on Civil Protection (06/06/2012) Article 2. National Risk Atlas: Comprehensive information system on disturbing agents and expected damages resulting from a spatial and temporal analysis of the interaction between hazards, vulnerability and the degree of exposure of affected agents;
  15. 15. Chapter XVII Of the Analysis of Risks Article 110. Risk analysis is an orderly and systematic method for identifying and evaluating damages that may result from natural and anthropogenic hazards and hazards, as well as vulnerabilities of buildings, buildings, infrastructure or human settlements within the site under study , In the near environment and in its basin. Regulation to the General Law of Civil Protection (05/13/2014) Chapter XVIII Risk Atlas I. Information system II. Hazard Maps III. Susceptibility map for landslides IV. Inventory of exposed goods. V. Vulnerability Inventory VI. Risk Maps VII.Scenarios of Risk
  16. 16. Article 113. The elaboration of the National Atlas of Risks can be carried out in a permanent way and by progressive stages. Each of these stages will develop or improve one or more of the components listed in the previous article. Updates of the National Risk Atlas will reduce the uncertainty of the information, increase the resolution or improve the capabilities of the National Civil Protection System. The National Risk Atlas must comply with the guidelines and terminology, based on the provisions of the guidelines established for that purpose by the National Center for disaster prevention. Article 114. The supervision for the elaboration and updating of the National Atlas of Risks and of the State and Municipal Atlas of Risks referred to in article 19, section XXII of the Law, shall be of an eminently preventive nature.
  17. 17. I. General provisions II. Disturbing phenomena III. Components of a risk atlas IV. Geological phenomena V. Hydrometeorological phenomena VI. Chemical-technological phenomena VII. Sanitary-ecological phenomena VIII. Socio-organizational phenomena IX. Attachment references Minimum content guide for the elaboration of the National Risk Atlas
  18. 18. System Design
  19. 19. Information and communication technologies
  20. 20. Diagram 1.- CENAPRED Network LAN and WAN connections Switch Layer 2 / Layer3 Switch Layer 2 Optical fiber single-mode 12-wire Optical fiber multimode 12 wires 62.5 m UTP (twisted pair) cat.6 Private network CISCO ASA Firewall REDUNAM Anthropological Site CENAPRED network Storage 24 TB Raw Oracle VM Virtualization High availability 2 virtual machines 4 cores 16 GB RAM 1 virtual machine 8 cores 32 GB RAM
  21. 21. ANR National Risk Atlas Risk Information System Metadata Catalog
  22. 22. Inter-institutional coordination
  23. 23. Federal Public Administation Federative Entities Municipalities Perimeters of urban consolidation Flood hazard Seismic hazard, landslide Order of the Territory Urban Development BASE INFORMATION Single Housung Registration PROCESSES PRODUCTS Autonomous agencies Social sector Private sector
  24. 24. The National Risk Atlas
  25. 25. Systems integrated in the National Atlas of Risks Level of complexity Number of Layers (dynamic) Number of visits, Monthly average ANR Database More than 40,000 records 276 1,601 3,675 80030030,000 Portal Public ANR system Restricted ANR system
  26. 26. Examples of use
  27. 27. Other tools in Mexico
  28. 28. Recommendations • Facilitate linkages across risk atlases at all levels, and develop synergies between SAVER and R-FONDEN. • Harmonise federal support for the development of risk atlases at sub- national levels. • Strengthen financial and technical support of municipal risk atlases. • Take stronger account of potential tsunamis in risk atlases. • Develop the National Atlas on Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability. • Reinforce engagement of the private sector in risk assessment processes at all levels.
  29. 29. 10 keys for risk assesment 1. Use standards (OGC) 2. Only one geographic framework (projection, datum) 3. Make metadata 4. Make the risk analysis public, be more useful and can be verified 5. Uses formal information sources, it does not matter if they are not updated 6. The integration of information for different levels of analysis requires harmonization
  30. 30. 10 keys for risk assesment 7. Make clear the importance of risk assessment, which is useful to convince users and other information providers. 8. There must be a leading institution that integrates and publishes the information on the same site. 9. Define one methodologies and procedures for risk assessment, you must update them in a constant manner whit the participation of all related institutions. 10. It integrates communicators and specialists in design and usability, the systems will be more used.
  31. 31. What have we learned? • Risk assessment is a difficult and long-term task. • There must be an institution with technical capacity to coordinate and integrate the information generated for all instances. • It is necessary to generate indicators that allow to evaluate the use of the systems and their impact in the decision making. • National risk information systems are the frame of reference for the generation of public policies for disaster risk management

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