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Nils Ferrand (IRSTEA) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

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Nils Ferrand (IRSTEA) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

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Nils Ferrand (IRSTEA) - 6th WGI Meeting (2-3 November 2015, Paris)

  1. 1. 1 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway OECD WGI workshop on advanced participation for water governance Nils Ferrand & Patrice Garin, Emeline Hassenforder, Benjamin Noury, Sylvie Morardet, Sophie Richard, Delphine L’Aot, Bruno Bonté UMR/JRU G-EAU Managing Water, Stakeholders & Uses IRSTEA : French National Institute for Research and Technology on Environment and Agriculture - Montpellier, FRANCE
  2. 2. 2 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Context of this session • Session held on demand by the WGI board, in response to members’ request during the last internal survey – Organized by the Joint Research Unit « UMR G-EAU » (Gestion Eau Acteurs Usages / Management of Water, Stakeholders & Uses) a French public laboratory, expert in Water Governance and Management, member of the WGI (with N. Ferrand, S. Richard, L. Guerin-Schneider)  intervention on IRSTEA budget – Facilitators for this session : • Dr. Nils Ferrand, decision sciences, coordinator • Delphine L’Aot, international development • Dr. Emeline Hassenforder, participatory water governance • Benjamin Noury, participatory water governance • Dr. Sophie Richard, political scientist • Dr. Patrice Garin, senior water scientist • Dr. Sylvie Morardet, water economist • Dr. Bruno Bonté, modeller
  3. 3. 3 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Aims of the session • Consider new perspectives on participatory water governance, including multi-level stakeholders (together) & the general public • Introduce some original and useful participation methods, relevant for the water governance cycle. Discover some of them in practical sessions – Participatory modeling, simulation & planning – Pre-participation  « participating about governance processes » • Discuss needs and perspectives (NOT an overview, a course or an expert group)
  4. 4. 4 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway OECD principles from a participatory perspective Participatory !? Participatory !? Participatory !?
  5. 5. 5 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Workshop Schedule & Organization • 14:30-14:50 Welcome and workshop introduction • 14:50-15:45 Practical approach of participatory methods • 15:45-16:40 Self-design of a participatory governance process • 16:40-16:50 Individual feedback questionaire • 16:50-17:30 General discussion Working in small groups (6) with guidelines & material on your table and with our assistance.
  6. 6. 6 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Decision & Action Cycle Identification of a social-environmental issue Situation assessment & modelling, stakeholder analysis, preferences elicitation, data collection… Solution development Operational planning, decision making process, strategy, solution testing, monitoring & evaluation design Solution implementation Engineering implementation, monitoring Expansion Final evaluation, scaling up, dissemination, sustainability of the implemented activities DECISION & ACTION CYCLE Source: http://www.oecd.org/gov/regional-policy/OECD- Principles-on-Water-Governance-brochure.pdf
  7. 7. 7 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway an Many rationales for participation Create ownership Build trust Empower communities Educate and raise awareness Collect local data and knowledge Develop appropriate activities Gather various options and ideas Establish new cooperation Strengthen the effectiveness of the intervention OECD report on Stakeholder Engagement for Inclusive Water Governance: “there are many economic, environmental and social benefits to be gained from effectively engaging stakeholders in water policies and projects”. … Resolve conflicts Support engagement and institutional emergence
  8. 8. 8 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway IDENTIFICATION Engage the relevant stakeholders? Reveal and share representations? Collect local data and information? Frame and structure objectives? How can we strengthen participation throughout the cycle? DEVELOPMENT Prepare a decision making protocol ? Elaborate participatory planning? Explore and test various scenarios? Develop a shared Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) strategy? IMPLEMENTATION Engage stakeholders in autonomous transformation and its M&E? EXPANSION Transfer the responsibilities ? Autonomise the duplication of the intervention? Support policy makers to lead the scaling out? Resolve the use of Internet? HOW CAN WE?
  9. 9. 9 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway UN - Non-Governmental Liaison Service (sept. 2013) recommendations “f). Recognize civil society as a key partner in identifying issues, informing policies and achieving goals; and in monitoring and evaluating implementation, by mainstreaming participatory processes at various levels of policy-making, including the provision of access to information; <…> h) Adopt mechanisms and allocate resources to ensure that civil society, including associations of vulnerable and marginalized people, have the capacity to engage meaningfully in decision-making processes”
  10. 10. 10 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway P.W.G. : a wide range of actions, investigations & results Several methods / tools • Generic / procedural  Focus groups, citizen jury, deliberative polling, open forum, world café, forum theater, e-fora, PPGIS, town meeting, e-voting, … • Targeted at Participatory…  Political framing, Establishing principles or aims  Setting of Decision Agenda, Rules and Arbitration  Sensing / Mapping / Surveillance / Data collection  Modeling / Diagnosis / Assessment  Foresight / Future visioning  Simulation: role playing games,  Planning: proposing, integrating, selecting  Monitoring & Evaluation  Budgeting  Funding  Guarantee / Certification / Auditing  Building / Construction / « Making » / Maintenance  Policing / Control / Vigilance  Constitution / Institutionalization R&D Projects (e.g.) • European Research: HarmoniCOP, CatchMod, Aquastress, Newater, SLIM, GOVERN, WeSenseIt, Gover-Nat, G-FORS, I- FIVE, CADWAGO… • International: CGIAR CPWF, WLE, … Various Aims / contexts Integrated Water Management, Restoration, Planning, Public Utility Management (WASH), Climate Change Adaptation, Irrigation, Conflict resolution…
  11. 11. 11 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway An innovative participation strategy and toolbox from Irstea : CoOPLAaGE E.g., in a catchment, a group of water users would like to act to improve their situation and the socio-environmental viability. Guided by a process manager, they cycle with various tools. 1 Preparing a governance protocol Decide the principles and rules of the emerging participation process. 2 Exploring Justice Discuss the social justice principles for sharing land and water. 3 Creating a playable model Prepare a local model for participatory simulations of local situation and new options. 4 Elaborating an integrated action plan Propose and structure actions, and then assess their coherency, feasibility and efficiency 5 Testing and discussing plans Experiment the plan with the role playing game and validate a joint adaptation strategy. 6 Monitoring and evaluation Learn about the changes in knowledge, preferences, actions and relations
  12. 12. 12 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Example of Ugandan process in the AfroMaison project (2011-2014) 1 2 3 4 6 7 Procedural agreement Focal issue Implementation plan Modeling & plan testing through game Planning Actions identification 5 Resource allocation Monitoring & Evaluation
  13. 13. 13 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway M&E: a vital principle for P.W.G. ? OUTPUTS / OUTCOMES / IMPACTS Normative (e.g. rules) Cognitive (e.g. Views, perceptions) Operational (e.g. practices) Relational (e.g. trust) ... CONTEXT “INTERVENTION” • Participatory Planning Process • Implementation of Water Governance Principles • … KNOW WHAT WE DO KNOW WHAT WE GET Expectations Questionnaires Participatory observation Interviews Debriefing
  14. 14. 14 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Participatory modeling: the backbone for P.W.G. ? Participatory modeling : when ALL actors design together the relevant models (i.e. actionable representations) of their situation, options, responses, plans, which they can use to explore, formalize and engage in adaptation – Yes, « they » can… • Model their own complex hydro-social system • Model their own decision values, procedure & rules • Model their integrated multi-*** action plan & its impact • Use the modeling (& simulation) process to support co- engagement toward a shared future &… No, we don’t need computers  Simple transferable modeling kit (e.g. INIWAG)
  15. 15. 15 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway An innovative participation strategy and toolbox from Irstea : CoOPLAaGE E.g., in a catchment, a group of water users would like to act to improve their situation and the socio-environmental viability. Guided by a process manager, they cycle with various tools. 1 Preparing a governance protocol Decide the principles and rules of the emerging participation process. 2 Exploring Justice Discuss the social justice principles for sharing land and water. 3 Creating a playable model Prepare a local model for participatory simulations of local situation and new options. 4 Elaborating an integrated action plan Propose and structure actions, and then assess their coherency, feasibility and efficiency 5 Testing and discussing plans Experiment / simulate the plan with the role playing game and validate a joint adaptation strategy. 6 Monitoring and evaluation Learn about the changes in knowledge, preferences, actions and relations This workshop focus :
  16. 16. 16 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway What we’ll do next : Act « as if » you were real actors of a Water Catchment, to explore some participatory methods 1. Discover this common (abstract) case study 2. Model it with a simple (but integrative) tool 3. Simulate 2 scenarios 4. Design an action plan 5. Consider participatory actions & integrate them in the design of a decision procedure –hopefully participatory- for water management On the way, please comment, question on your individual feedback form.
  17. 17. 17 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Let’s consider a generic (abstract) case study « We live in a coastal region, in the Erhno catchment. Features : • A large city (500.000 px), high demographic growth (immigration), • Mixed agriculture with family farming, commercial orchards & wine (developing irrigation), vegetables and corn, • Intense & seasonal touristic activity near the coast, • Petrochemical (seaside) and food industry, • Brackish laguna with RAMSAR bird area downstream • Mountains & forests upstream in the natural park, • Large multi-purpose dam, hydroelectricity, tourism . • Shallow aquifer downstream between the city and the coast Issues: Summer scarcity, mid-season floods, pollution peaks
  18. 18. 18 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Map SEA Erhno Dam Laguna PetroChem Wine Wine Orchards Irrigation Corn Aquifer Food Processing unit
  19. 19. 19 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway This catchment challenges • For the last 15 years, recharge of the dam and the river flow have clearly diminished, with impact on aquifer and wetlands • Family farming made difficult by low surface water access • Water utilities in city should be expanded to match growth • Irrigation demand grows (commercial) but limited network • The two factories play a key economic role, but the PetroChem plant is challenged after a pollution spillover in the river and the protected laguna. • Overarching regulations ask for ecosystems protection  A new strategy for water and land management has to be decided and implemented
  20. 20. 20 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Participate to explore participatory modeling Please pick a role among: 1. Director of the Catchment & Water Agency 2. Mayor of the Heliopol city 3. Representative of the Environmental NGO 4. Delegate of the SmallHolders Farmers Association 5. Chair of the Commerce & Industry Chamber 6. « The People of Erhno » delegate (citizens’ group) In the next steps, please try to react as you think this actor would do in « real operations ».
  21. 21. 21 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Creating a playable model Prepare a local model for participatory simulations of local situation and new options. This Step :
  22. 22. 22 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 1 Participatory Modeling (15’) Step 1.1 Map Hydrosyst Select and organize elements from the *catchment mapping kit* to represent on your table your common vision (map, model) of the water system. Fill the dam bucket –if any- with 10 drops, mixed colors. Step 1.2 Create Create & add 1 or 2 new mapping elements if they are missing (Use Post-It to draw or name them) Step 1.3 Model Land-use Discuss, choose and install ~12~ *action cards* for your model. Only one *action card* goes on one land plot card. Step 1.4 Audit On the set situation, audit current operation cost for each actor, as well as population, jobs and satisfaction.  Get participants to build and share a common dynamic model of the situation, including biophysical, social, economic & policy issues  NOTA !!! This simplified version does not include management / governance actions  please feel free to invent them
  23. 23. 23 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Reading / using an action card Name Pollution sensitivity indicator Operation cost Water needs Dry Normal Population Jobs Returned water Dry year Normal year Income « Smiley » « Angry »
  24. 24. 24 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway This Step : 5 Testing and discussing plans Experiment / simulate the plan with the role playing game and validate a joint adaptation strategy.
  25. 25. 25 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 2 Participatory Simulation (20’) Step 2.1 Fill river Fill the *river bucket* with 15 water drops (blue). Put it upstream your river system. Step 2.2 Flow, use, return… Flow the *river bucket* step by step. Each user collects water from it (no filter = no sorting !), « consumes » it (for action), and returns directly *used water* (red drops) to the bucket. Step 2.3 Issues… Not enough water ? Or water too polluted for your activity ( max 50%, 0% !) ?  Failed activity !! Step 2.4 Impacts Monitor final economic situation (if successful) and monitor the river and dam status (quantity, quality), as well as other indicators. Anything else to observe ? Step 2.5 Climate change Repeat a second similar round with only 10 drops. Assess and discuss changing activities.  Get participants to explore together the dynamics of the socio-hydro system, to react and organize management & governance. Normal Climate Drought
  26. 26. 26 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Monitoring results Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Climate Normal Dry Operation costs Urban Agriculture Nature Industry Population Labor Input water Outlet water Clean Used Income Urban Agriculture Nature Industry # Activ. Failed Smileys # Angrys # Immeubles # Maisons # Friche urbaine # Forêts # Lande # Fruits et Legumes # Elevage industriel #
  27. 27. 27 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway ((( More Options if you wish and have time ))) Option 1 Add Resources Socio-hydrosystems do not run *only* on land, water, labor and money  you can specify other resources: e.g. food, energy, biodiversity, social willingness... Actions « use » or « produce » them. And they evolve in the natural or social environment. How ? Propose processes & rules if required. Option 2 Add Actions Many other actions can be proposed and used. Edit *blank action cards* to specify you own. Agree on values and specific rules. Option 3 Add Events Scenarii ? External Drivers ? Add events which can happen in time, as steps in the process or as random events. Many extensions are possible in the modeling process, considering needs, participants, etc.
  28. 28. 28 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 3 Integrative Planning CooPLAN (15’) Step 3.1 Aim Formulate aim(s) for your future catchment management plan. Write on your *COOPLAN* banner. Step 3.2 Propose Every participant can propose up to 2 new options (proposed interventions) using the *option model* card Step 3.3 Integrate Discuss to select some, and organize the sequence of options in your *COOPLAN*. Step 3.4 Assess Discuss coherency, feasibility and efficiency, looking at the *Requirements* (left) and *Impact* (right) sides Option Test How would you test this strategy with the simulation?  Get participants to build and discuss suitable actions, and integrate them in coherent actions plans.
  29. 29. 29 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Filling a CooPLAN Option Strip CooPLAN Option Card ©Irstea, 2015 Resources Requirements (Qualitative) Individual Local Regional > Nat COOPLAN Investment Operation cost LandUse Water Quantity Water Quality Legal Licenses Social support Nature Biodiversity Political willing Other Low + + + + + + + + + + +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 + Med ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 + High +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 + Anticipated impact / outcomes Detail Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection Citizens Well-Being Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions NAME RainWater Infiltration Open area for infiltrating water to the aquifer 1. Naming the option proposal & specify details 2. Specifying implementation level 3. Specifying the estimated levels / intensity of resources (material or immaterial) required for this option. 4 levels : 0 / + / ++ / ++++ Darken boxes with a marker 4. Describing the anticipated / expected impacts for each criteria  can be positive or negative
  30. 30. 30 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway CooPLAN Integration matrix SCALEIndividual Local Regional > Nat Time Short Mediu m Long Term CooPLAN Option Card ©Irstea, 2015 Resources Requirements (Qualitative) Individual Local Regional > Nat Equity Justice Anticipated impact / outcomes Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection CooPLAN matrix Aim : Detail Citizens Well-Being Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions COOPLAN Investment Operation cost LandUse Water Quantity Water Quality Legal Licenses Social support Nature Biodiversity Political willing Other Equity Justice NAME Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection Detail Citizens Well-Being Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions Low + + + + + + + + + + +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 Med ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 High +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 CooPLAN Option Card ©Irstea, 2015 Resources Requirements (Qualitative) Individual Local Regional > Nat COOPLAN Investment Operation cost LandUse Water Quantity Water Quality Legal Licenses Social support Nature Biodiversity Political willing Other Low + + + + + + + + + + +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 Med ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 High +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 CooPLAN Option Card ©Irstea, 2015 Resources Requirements (Qualitative) Individual Local Regional > Nat COOPLAN Investment Operation cost LandUse Water Quantity Water Quality Legal Licenses Social support Nature Biodiversity Political willing Other Low + + + + + + + + + + +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 Med ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 High +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 CooPLAN Option Card ©Irstea, 2015 Resources Requirements (Qualitative) Individual Local Regional > Nat COOPLAN Investment Operation cost LandUse Water Quantity Water Quality Legal Licenses Social support Nature Biodiversity Political willing Other Low + + + + + + + + + + +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 Med ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 +2 -2 High +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +++ +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 +3 -3 Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions Equity Justice NAMEDetail Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection Citizens Well-Being Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions Equity Justice NAME Anticipated impact / outcomes Detail Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection Citizens Well-Being Community Life Regional Economy Governance Institutions Equity Justice NAME Anticipated impact / outcomesNAME Anticipated impact / outcomes Detail Ecosystem s Water Quantity Water quality Flood Protection Citizens Well-Being
  31. 31. 31 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 4: Get Ready for PrePar (10’) Step 4.1 Consider the *Participatory Actions* and the *Participatory Roles* cards. Discuss them. Option 4.2 Propose Use the *Participatory Action* template to add other method(s) you want to propose. Explain them. Option 4.3 Evaluate Organize all of them on the feasibility / efficiency matrix. Discuss.  Get participants to understand possible participatory methods / tools In the next phase (PrePar), you’ll have to decide how the participatory process should be organized, with / by / for whom, with which method, in order to get your water management plan designed, agreed and implemented.
  32. 32. 32 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 5 Prepare Participation: PrePar (40’) Step 5.1 Look at the multi-level *PRE-PAR chart*. Understand: lines = scales, actors // columns = phases. Step 5.2 For each phase, you can specify up to 2 sub-steps (or not). Write captions on the headline with post-its. Step 5.3 For each step, WRITE *participatory actions* and/or *participatory role* (ref. cards) at their main implementation scales. If multi-level, specify WHO is engaged by *drawing* vertical lines or dots. Write Outcomes on the bottom line. Option 5.4 Add *Alert Stars* where you consider there is a risk / contingency in the plan. Discuss solutions. What happens in case of conflict during the process ?  Get participants to build and agree on a plan and rules for decision and participation, at different levels
  33. 33. 33 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 6 Individual feedback (10’) Please fill the individual feedback form on paper or online at : http://pwg.watagame.info
  34. 34. 34 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway Action 7 Global Discussion (40’) In your address, please specify topic: 1. Pros & Cons of Fostering Wider Participation for Water Governance 2. Value of new methods (please ref. to *Participatory Action* cards) 3. Participation to design participation  PrePar vs. usual engineering 4. Emerging needs and expectations
  35. 35. 35 http://watagame.info © Nils.Ferrand@IRSTEA.fr , 2015 OECD WGI 2015 Pleasedonotreproduce,photoortakeaway THANK YOU !!! All results will be shared through the OECD WGI coordination.

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