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J U L Y 2 0 1 8
P A G E 1
The Way Forward
Ensure that the Manual is embedded into a broader “whole-of-
government” policy for regulatory governance and supported by
application of regulatory policy tools such as public consultation
mechanisms and impact assessments. As outlined by the 2012 OECD
Policy Recommendations on Regulatory Policy and Governance,
implementing a good legislation policy is a gradual process
necessitating the presence and systemic application of a set of
regulatory policy tools in place rather than the delivery of a single
product. Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) ex post and ex ante, review
of stock of legislation, administrative simplification, transparency and
communication, alternatives to regulation; and the issue of compliance
and enforcement require to be applied as a whole across the
government. 
Ensure high level political commitment and sustained support for the
effective implementation of the Manual. This should also assure that all
parties engaged in legislative drafting commit to follow them. Based on
OECD experience, a formal announcement and commitment by the
government which calls for proper application of the legislative drafting
instructions is critical to ensure legislative drafting manuals can deliver
their intended goals.
Design and publish a coherent approach and a “whole-of -government”
operational strategy on the implementation of the Egyptian Legislative
Drafting Manual. The strategy should cover the key steps to be taken on
the implementation of the Manual while allocating clear responsibilities
across relevant stakeholders and introducing timelines. It is important
that the strategy provides legal drafters with an understanding of the
significance of the application of the Manual on improving the quality of
legislation. It should also include a communication strategy to raise
awareness and to ensure sustained support for the successful
implementation of the Manual. The strategy should introduce short and
medium term goals to facilitate the monitoring of the progress.
Commit to report regularly on the implementation of the measures
outlined in the operational strategy and the Legislative Drafting
Manual. Regular monitoring and evaluation of the implementation allows
for measuring the effectiveness of implementation through tracking
progress over time; reveals potential bottlenecks and encourages the
formulation of appropriate responses.
J U L Y 2 0 1 8
P A G E 2
The Way Forward
Establish solid consultation and feedback mechanisms as well as an
institutionalised working party tasked with keeping the Manual
updated. Many OECD countries have introduced specific consultation
and feedback mechanisms to help obtain constant feedback from the
users of their manuals. Establishing a working party involving relevant
stakeholders ensures the transparency of the process and enables
collaboration across different institutions. The working party and
methods used for consultation process needs to be institutionalised for
effective feedback as well as monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. In
addition, a network could be formed to help create buy-in to the Manual
across different institutions and departments, and to keep the Manual
up-to-date.
Pilot the Manual across different institutions and ministries; and report
the feedback of users to the working party to update and revise the
Manual. The Egyptian Legislative Drafting Manual is a new tool and first
of its kind in Egypt. Piloting the Manual in different ministries and
bodies could be a useful initial approach to introduce the Manual, test
its applicability; and reveal potential challenges to address them
accordingly.
Ensure that the Manual is publicly accessible and widely disseminated.
It is of vital importance that all parties engaged in legislation have
access to the Manual and could benefit from it. This should ensure that
the Manual is publicly available online as well as on the internal
webpages of public institutions. Easy access to the Manual is crucial to
raise awareness about the presence and significance of the Manual and
ensure its effective utilisation.
Introduce special software packages incorporating drafting guidance
into the computer systems. Drafting assistance tools have been
introduced across a number of OECD countries to apply legislative
drafting manuals more effectively and easily. These software packages
also provide legal drafters with practical help and correspond to their
daily needs. 
Provide training, seminars and workshops on legislative drafting
principles, the use of the Manual and legislative drafting software tools
to all stakeholders engaged in legislative drafting. It is essential to
ensure that legislative drafters have adequate capacities and skills to
be able to accurately apply the Manual and to produce quality
legislation. This could also help ensure that all those concerned with
the preparation of legislation are made aware of the importance of good
legislation.

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Egyptian Legislative Drafting Manual: Key Recommendations

  • 1. J U L Y 2 0 1 8 P A G E 1 The Way Forward Ensure that the Manual is embedded into a broader “whole-of- government” policy for regulatory governance and supported by application of regulatory policy tools such as public consultation mechanisms and impact assessments. As outlined by the 2012 OECD Policy Recommendations on Regulatory Policy and Governance, implementing a good legislation policy is a gradual process necessitating the presence and systemic application of a set of regulatory policy tools in place rather than the delivery of a single product. Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) ex post and ex ante, review of stock of legislation, administrative simplification, transparency and communication, alternatives to regulation; and the issue of compliance and enforcement require to be applied as a whole across the government.  Ensure high level political commitment and sustained support for the effective implementation of the Manual. This should also assure that all parties engaged in legislative drafting commit to follow them. Based on OECD experience, a formal announcement and commitment by the government which calls for proper application of the legislative drafting instructions is critical to ensure legislative drafting manuals can deliver their intended goals. Design and publish a coherent approach and a “whole-of -government” operational strategy on the implementation of the Egyptian Legislative Drafting Manual. The strategy should cover the key steps to be taken on the implementation of the Manual while allocating clear responsibilities across relevant stakeholders and introducing timelines. It is important that the strategy provides legal drafters with an understanding of the significance of the application of the Manual on improving the quality of legislation. It should also include a communication strategy to raise awareness and to ensure sustained support for the successful implementation of the Manual. The strategy should introduce short and medium term goals to facilitate the monitoring of the progress. Commit to report regularly on the implementation of the measures outlined in the operational strategy and the Legislative Drafting Manual. Regular monitoring and evaluation of the implementation allows for measuring the effectiveness of implementation through tracking progress over time; reveals potential bottlenecks and encourages the formulation of appropriate responses.
  • 2. J U L Y 2 0 1 8 P A G E 2 The Way Forward Establish solid consultation and feedback mechanisms as well as an institutionalised working party tasked with keeping the Manual updated. Many OECD countries have introduced specific consultation and feedback mechanisms to help obtain constant feedback from the users of their manuals. Establishing a working party involving relevant stakeholders ensures the transparency of the process and enables collaboration across different institutions. The working party and methods used for consultation process needs to be institutionalised for effective feedback as well as monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. In addition, a network could be formed to help create buy-in to the Manual across different institutions and departments, and to keep the Manual up-to-date. Pilot the Manual across different institutions and ministries; and report the feedback of users to the working party to update and revise the Manual. The Egyptian Legislative Drafting Manual is a new tool and first of its kind in Egypt. Piloting the Manual in different ministries and bodies could be a useful initial approach to introduce the Manual, test its applicability; and reveal potential challenges to address them accordingly. Ensure that the Manual is publicly accessible and widely disseminated. It is of vital importance that all parties engaged in legislation have access to the Manual and could benefit from it. This should ensure that the Manual is publicly available online as well as on the internal webpages of public institutions. Easy access to the Manual is crucial to raise awareness about the presence and significance of the Manual and ensure its effective utilisation. Introduce special software packages incorporating drafting guidance into the computer systems. Drafting assistance tools have been introduced across a number of OECD countries to apply legislative drafting manuals more effectively and easily. These software packages also provide legal drafters with practical help and correspond to their daily needs.  Provide training, seminars and workshops on legislative drafting principles, the use of the Manual and legislative drafting software tools to all stakeholders engaged in legislative drafting. It is essential to ensure that legislative drafters have adequate capacities and skills to be able to accurately apply the Manual and to produce quality legislation. This could also help ensure that all those concerned with the preparation of legislation are made aware of the importance of good legislation.