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D2-PM - Session 7 - Brenda PEQUENO, Mexico


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This presentation was made by Brenda Pequeño, at the 3rd Experts Meeting on Gender Budgeting held at the OECD Conference Centre, Paris, on 19-20 September 2019

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D2-PM - Session 7 - Brenda PEQUENO, Mexico

  1. 1. Lessons from Gender budgeting for SDG’s The case of Mexico Paris, France September, 2019
  2. 2. • Since 2008, Mexico has included the gender component in the elaboration of the annual budget, PEF (for its initials in Spanish: Presupuesto de Egresos de la Federación) in order to promote actions that contribute to gender equality. • But it wasn’t until 2012 that this component was reflected into a federal law. So, the Federal Budget and Responsibility Law, in that year incorporate the paragraph that states that the PEF draft had to include a specific appendix in which every ministry is obligated to spend that amount on actions that promote gender parity. • INMUJERES and the Ministry of Finance jointly issue guidelines for monitoring that the ministries are actually being spent those resources on actions to promote gender equality called. These guidelines requires, among others: • Target population definition • General overview of gender gap • Analysis of outcomes • Explanation of achieved outcomes • Challenges and opportunities • And last but not least: deadlines to present this information. • INMUJERES launched a website in 2017 to inform to the general public the actions that the ministries are conducting under the gender appendix. • The Ministry of Finance also publishes the results that are presented to the Congress. A little bit of background... 2
  3. 3. How has the gender budget evolved in the recent years? 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 0.0 1,000.0 2,000.0 3,000.0 4,000.0 5,000.0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020* • In the past 12 years the average growth rate of the gender budget has been approximately 26%. Millionsofdollars %ofannualgrowth Gender Appendix: Annual Budget 3 + 50% + 30% Average growth: 24.6% Average growth: 21.2% (first 5 years: 10.5%)
  4. 4. A couple of examples 4 PEF 2019 Appendix 13 PEF 2018 Appendix 13
  5. 5. Example: 2019 Second Quarter Report 5 Ministries Number of indicators with an advance Categories % of progress
  6. 6. Example: 2019 Second Quarter Report 6 Target population: 173,154 women 0 men Attended population: 92,999 women 0 men Link with the PND
  7. 7. Example: 2019 Second Quarter Report 7 Indicators • Description (measure and frequency) • Responsibles • Goals • Progress
  8. 8. Example: 2019 Second Quarter Report 8 Past Actions Explanation if result is different from planned Further Actions
  9. 9. Link between SDG budget and PEF 9 • In 2015, the member countries of the United Nations (UN) approved the 2030 Agenda, with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. This new agenda strengthens and deepens the achievements made through the Millennium Development Goals (2000-2015). • Since that year, the Ministry of Finance with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) started the draw an outline of how the new SDG could be linked with the National Development Plan (PND) and with the annual budget. • So, after a couple of years of hard and dedicated work, in 2017, the Sustainable Development Goals Specialized Technical Committee was installed in Mexico. This Committee is led by the Presidency Office and the National Institute of Statistics and Geography. • The Ministry of Finance, with the feedback of the UNDP, defined suitable mechanisms to link the budget with the 2030 Agenda.
  10. 10. Link between SDG budget and PEF 10
  11. 11. Number of programs linked to target of SDG 5 11 ID ODS 2018 2019 2020 Number of bp Number of bp Number of bp 5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere 9 8 8 5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation 9 10 10 5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation 3 3 3 5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate 1 1 1 5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life 6 5 7 5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences 12 12 11 5.A Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws 3 3 6 5.B Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women 2 2 2 5.C Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels 9 9 9
  12. 12. Number of budgetary programs linked to each SDGs 12 SDGs goals 2018 2019 2020 Number of bp Number of bp Number of bp Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere 60 67 60 Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture 44 61 48 Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages 65 69 77 Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all 63 76 83 Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 26 28 32 Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all 17 19 22 Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all 58 58 65 Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all 82 94 101 Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation 111 110 105
  13. 13. Number of budgetary programs linked to each SDGs 13 SDGs goals 2018 2019 2020 Number of bp Number of bp Number of bp Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries 29 32 34 Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 77 86 79 Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns 41 40 39 Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts 20 20 21 Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 28 26 24 Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss 21 22 21 Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels 183 189 196 Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development 41 41 39
  14. 14. Challenges and next steps… 14 So far so good: üMonitoring üAccountability üTransparency üCoordination To improve: ✚ More commitment ✚ More coordination ✚ Better communication Next steps: üAcknowledge what does not work üFacing challenges üInstitutional and international cooperation
  15. 15. Thank you Merci Gracias