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D1 pm - session 4 - Alicia del Olmo, Spain

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This presentation was made by Alicia del Olmo , at the 3rd Experts Meeting on Gender Budgeting held at the OECD Conference Centre, Paris, on 19-20 September 2019

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D1 pm - session 4 - Alicia del Olmo, Spain

  1. 1. Gender Budgeting in Andalusia: An integral strategy for promoting gender equality through public financing Alicia del Olmo Garrudo Head of GB Programme Institute of Finance Public Studies -IEHPA Regional Ministry for Finance, Industry and Energy Junta de Andalucía Senior Budget Officials (SBO) 3rd Experts Meeting on Gender Budgeting SESSION 4 / Sustainability of GB initiatives OECD Headquarters, París, 19-20 September 2019
  2. 2. Contents Public budget as a instrument to advance gender equality in Andalusia General Background1 2 3 Key factors of GB Sustainability in Andalusia Administration 2
  3. 3. General Background 1
  4. 4. Comunidad Autónoma de Andalucía - SPAIN • Total area: 87,597km2 • Population (2019) : 8,410,002 Men: 49.3% Women: 50.7% • Budget (2019): 36,495,5 M€ • GDP (2018): 160,812 M€ Andalusia SPAIN 1 4
  5. 5. • Activity rate: 50.7% women – 63.6% men (2T 2019) • Employment rate: 38% women -52.4% men (2T 2019) • Part-time employment rate: 26.9% women – 7.1% men (2T 2019) • Gender pay gap: 3,969€ (2017) 1 Despite the advances, gender inequalities still persist in Andalusian context 5
  6. 6. Gender inequalities. Some examples • Women killed in gender violence cases: - 14 (2015) - 5 (2016) - 7 (2017) - 12 (2018) 6 1
  7. 7. • Academic staff (teaching and research) 38.9% women – 61.1% men (2017) • Main researcher (R&I Groups): women (26.9%) in 2018. • Full professors: women (21.7%) in 2018 7 1 Gender inequalities. Some examples
  8. 8. For Andalusian Administration, Budgeting is a powerful tool for achieving gender equality Establishing priorities Centrality Programme annual revision Gender Equality Law Legal obligation Accountability 8 1
  9. 9. 9 • Contributes to increase economic growth since gender equality is not just a social justice issue but a sinequanon prerequisite for sustainable development and social cohesion. • It also enhaces policy efficiency, transparency and accountability. Gender Budgeting Strategy in Andalusia 1
  10. 10. Public budget as an instrument to advance gender equality in Andalusia 2
  11. 11. PHASE 1 Publication Law 18/2003 Gender Impact Commission of Budget PHASE 4 G+ Methodology (Launched in 2007) PHASE 2 Legal framework development PHASE 3 Gender mainstreaming in the budget process Gender Impact Budget Report RESEARCH, CAPACITY BUILDING AND AWARENESS RAISING – GOOD PRACTICES EXCHANGE Andalusian GB Strategy - 2003-2019 22 PHASE 5 GB Auditing (Since 2013) 11
  12. 12. 2003 2007 2013 CURRENTLY Integral StrategyGB AuditsG+ MethodologyLaw 18/2003 Timeline of GB Strategy 2 12
  13. 13. Chair Deputy chair Regional Ministries’ representatives Institute for Statistics Women’s Institute Secretary Vice-Ministry for Finance, Energy and Industry Director General for Budget Gender Impact Commission for Budget Legal framework development 2 13
  14. 14. An annual gender impact Budget Report FUTUREPRESENTPAST 3R-3T model REALITY Current situation of equality between men and women in: • Participation • Labour Market • Education • Domestic Violence • Use of time REPRESENTATION Distribution of power and representation between men and women in Andalusian Administration Institutions RESOURCES- RESULTS (BUDGET) Analysis of budgetary programs, including equality objectives, actions and evaluation indicators Legal framework development 14 published reports  First report elaborated on 2005 Budget and published on 2006 Budget.  By law.  It contributes to efficacy and transparency . 2 14
  15. 15. 1. R. Ministerial Order for the elaboration of annual budget Equality criteria, priorities and gender objectives for G+ and G programs 2. Elaboration of Gender assessment reports for preliminary draft budget 3. Gender Budget Impact Report 4. Other budget documents: Program basic document, Program description, Economic –Financial report, gender indicators, etc. 5. Gender Budget Audits May July October October January - December Key moments for gender mainstreaming in annual budget process 2 15
  16. 16. Criteria Programs that affect citizens direct or indirectly Relevance Yes No Power to transform Power to transform with regards to gender equality Low g1 Programs that affect citizens fundamentally internal or instrumental g0 Programs without direct effects on citizens Capacity to impact Number of citizens affected by the program's actions (qualitative/quantitative importance) Medium G Low impact programs Low change power, relevance and funcionality Functional relevance The context in which the program acts is recognised as strategic in terms of gender quality High G+ Highly interesting programs due to their power to transform reality. Strong impact and functional relevance Staff management The program has effects on staff management within the Andalusia Administration Criteria Affects people G+ Scale G+ Methodology Focusing efforts and resources in more relevant Budget programmes in terms of Gender Equality 2 16
  17. 17. Gender integration in 2019 Budget G+ programmes represent 72.4% of 2019 budget Estrategia andaluza de presupuestos con enfoque de género 12 17
  18. 18. Resources-Results 18 1 G+ Classification Number of programmes Initial Credit % G+ 45 19,603,196,345 72.4% 3.7% 707,223,809 G 44 5,774,059,493 21.3% 8.4% 449,740,105 g1 22 1,471,187,759 5.4% 24.9% 292,896,343 g0 6 210,517,590 0.8% 3.4% 6,859,731 TOTAL 117 27,058,961,187 100.0% 5.7% 1,456,719,988 2019: initial discountedcredit toservicethedebt, FAGA, PIE, section35.00andInstitutions. 2018: initial discountedcredit toservicethedebt, FAGA, PIE, section35.00andInstitutions. 2019 Variation 2019/ 2018 Variation 2019 – 2018 Evolution of the budgetary programmes according to the G+ classification 2
  19. 19. Objective: Assess the degree of gender integration in planning and performing of budget programmes and public entities.  Plan 2013-2014: 5 budgetary programmes.  Plan 2015-2017: 26 programmes and public entities.  Plan 2018-2019: 4 budgetary programmes. 2 GB Audit: Evaluation for improving resources efectiveness 19
  20. 20. Audit Agenda: Progress report Technical meetings GB Audit reports GB Audit toolsDOE G+ Audit tools GB Audit Model developed by Andalusian Administration 20 2
  21. 21. GB Audits Audit reports approved by the Budget Commision DOE G+ : Strategic Planning 35 31 14 In process 21 2
  22. 22. Key factors of GB Sustainability in Andalusia Administration 3
  23. 23. Legal Framework Strategic Leadership Continous innovation in tools and methodologies Holistic approach- Complete Budget Cycle Permanent Cultural Change work Key factors of sustainability 23 3
  24. 24. • 18/2003 Law of Fiscal and Administrative Measures Art. 139. • 12/2007 Law for the Promotion of Gender Equality in Andalusia. Art. 8 • 1/2010 Decree, which approuves Modified Text of General Law of Public Finance of Andalusian Government. • 9/2018 Law, which modifies previous Gender Equality law 12/2007. Art. 8 Legal Framework Legal Framework 24 3
  25. 25. • Medium-term GB Strategy leaded by Regional Ministry of Finance since the very beginning…. …..Although Gender equality goals are established by Law and by the Regional Ministry in charge of it. • Supported by high level technical managers through the Commission. Strategic Leadership Strategic Leadership 25 3
  26. 26. Continous auto-innovation • Tailored Tools and Intruments, adapted to the needs of Administration • Auto-innovation • Integrated in Budget Annual Process • Creating incentives for improvement and recognition: G+ Fund in 2011 Gender Impact Report for the Budget G+ Methodology Auto- innovative tools and intruments 26 3 Gender Audit Model
  27. 27. Complete Budget Cycle Holistic approach –Complete Budget Cycle 27 3 Annual Budget Planning Gender Budget Working Groups (July) Gender Impact Report for the Budget Other Budget Documents: Economic Report, Budget GB Auditing Plan Gender Impact Commission for the Budget Audit Reports and Results NEW Strategic Gender Budgeting Planning Gender Equality Objectives G+ Map Integrated Strategy
  28. 28. Cultural change strategies Annual Training Plan in GB: • To avoid knowledge gaps due to staff mobility • Andalusian Institute for Public Administration: • 4 annual in-service programmes (25 each) in Budget planning, evaluation and auditing. • On line Training • More than 2,200 trained staff in GB. Annual Awarenness Raising Plan in GB: • Bulletin on Economy and GB (monthly) and Newsletter (weekly) etc. addressed to medium and high level positions in the whole Administration. • Social networks: Twitter, Facebook… • Regional Ministry Gender Budgeting Website • International Conference on Economy and Gender Budgeting. - Next Conference in Seville 2019 - Permanent Cultural Change Work 28 3
  29. 29. Andalusia Administration has been recognized by international organizations on several occasions during last years for this work on GB. • OECD (2017) Gender budgeting in OECD countries. Results of the 2016 OECD survey of gender budgeting practices. • EIGE (2017): https://eige.europa.eu/gender-mainstreaming/methods- tools/gender-budgeting • IMF(2017) Gender Budgeting in G7 countries. • Quinn, Sheila (2016) Europe: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts. IMF Working papers 16/155. 29 3
  30. 30. • Consolidated strategy led by Ministry of Finance, tailored to Andalusian Administration. • Established by Law (Autonomy Statute, Gender Equality Law and Finance Law). • Analyses expenses side of the Budget. • Integral and holistic strategy affects the whole administration and whole Budget cycle. • Auto-innovative tools and methodologies. • Based on continuous staff capacity building. • Creating a sustainable gender culture through the budget. Conclusions 3 30
  31. 31. Thank you very much for your interest! https://juntadeandalucia.es/organismos/haciendaindust riayenergia/areas/presupuestos/genero.html

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