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D1 am - session 2 - Alison McDermott, Canada


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This presentation was made by Alison McDermott, at the 3rd Experts Meeting on Gender Budgeting held at the OECD Conference Centre, Paris, on 19-20 September 2019.

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D1 am - session 2 - Alison McDermott, Canada

  1. 1. The Canadian Context Session 2: Gender Budget Statements . 3rd Experts Meeting on Gender Budgeting Paris, September 2019
  2. 2. 2 Gender Equality Apowerfulsourceofeconomicgrowth The Impact of Women's Participation in the Workforce Real GDP per Capita 30,000 35,000 40,000 45,000 50,000 55,000 60,000 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016 33% ($8,287) 2016, dollars Estimated without higher female employment Actual real GDP per capita Canadian approach to gender budgeting • Gender impacts inform individual budget decisions • The budget plan is assessed from a GBA+ perspective • Gender equality outcomes inform budget priority-setting The “plus” in GBA+ reflects the intersectionality of identity factors that each individual holds, like ethnicity, age, income and education levels, etc.
  3. 3. 3 Evolution of Gender Budgeting in Canada Fromhigh-levelcommitmenttointegratedbudgetpractice 2016 Fall Economic Statement Public Commitment to GBA+ for Future Budgets: “… submit Budget 2017, and all future budgets, to more rigorous analysis by completing and publishing a gender-based analysis of budgetary measures” • Previously, GBA+ was part of the internal budget briefing process, with little-to-no public exposure Budget 2017 Gender Statement First public assessment of the budget from a gender perspective • Concise picture of gender in Canada today: Presented key socio- economic trends and challenges remaining in Canada • High-level GBA+ of Budget Measures: Content informed almost exclusively by departmental gender-based analysis Budget 2018’s Equality Chapter Gender equality was a central focus of the budget • Focus on Results: Drive gender equality objectives in budget priority-setting • Improved analysis: Ongoing institutional (and cultural) shift towards gender mainstreaming in policy • More Transparency: Consider further steps to open analysis and data to the public Budget 2019 Canadian Gender Budgeting Act (Dec. 2018) Gender budgeting & GBA+ has become a core pillar • Continued focus on results (Gender Results Framework) • More comprehensive GBA+ analysis published for all budget measures (Gender Report) • Gender and diversity mainstreaming in policy with a strong focus on evidence-based analysis
  4. 4. 4 Components of Canada’s Gender Statements Over Time Budget 2017 Budget 2018 Budget 2019 Analysis of the current challenges for gender equality in Canada ● ● ● Summary of budget measures that aim to address these challenges and improve gender equality ● ● ● GBA+ of the budget as a whole ● ● Comprehensive reporting of individual budget measures ● ● ●
  5. 5. The Gender Results Framework is aligned with the Government of Canada’s policy of GBA+, ensuring that gender is considered in relation to other intersecting identity factors. 5 Gender Results Framework Education and Skills Development Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development Economic Participation and Prosperity Equal and full participation in the economy Leadership and Democratic Participation Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision- making Gender-Based Violence and Access to Justice Eliminating gender- based violence and harassment, and promoting security of the person and access to justice Poverty Reduction, Health and Well-Being Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes Gender Equality Around the World Promoting gender equality to build a more peaceful, inclusive, rules-based and prosperous world. Canada’s economic future depends on people having equal opportunity to reach their full potential, regardless of gender. Instruments for Advancing Gender Equality
  6. 6. Instruments for Advancing Gender Equality 6 •The Gender Results Framework: o presents statistics on a number of GRF indicators o reflects the Government’s commitment to tracking progress o helps the Government see where Canada was, where it is now, and where it can be in relation to gender equality
  7. 7. 7 Value of Measures, by Target Group Percentage of Measures, by Direct Benefits Instruments for Advancing Gender Equality •Quantitative analysis of budget measures at the aggregate level: o Allows for a clear understanding of budgetary impacts on equality o Gives decision-makers an opportunity to evaluate where to focus efforts, year over year Income Distributional Impacts Intergenerational Impacts
  8. 8. •Comprehensive reporting of the GBA+ impacts for individual budget measures increases transparency and opens analysis to the public for their input o Timing of analysis o Target population (Policy intent) o Expected direct benefits (Gender) o Expected impacts (Income, Age) o Gender Results Framework (if applicable) o GBA+ Responsive Approach (if applicable) • specific approaches to minimize possible negative impacts on certain individuals or groups, or proactively reduce barriers to participation 8 Instruments for Advancing Gender Equality
  9. 9. Instruments for Advancing Gender Equality – Gender Report 9
  10. 10. 10 Key Supports •Statistics Canada’s Centre for Gender, Diversity and Inclusion Statistics •Canadian Gender Budgeting Act o Introduced in December 2018 to make gender budgeting a permanent part of the federal budget- making process and to establish reporting requirements for new budget measures, tax expenditures, and existing government program expenditures o Promotes the principle of gender equality and greater inclusiveness in society as part of the annual federal budget o Considers gender and diversity in taxation and resource allocation decisions, including direct spending and transfers to persons and other levels of government; o Makes information available to the public on the impacts of Government decisions in terms of gender and diversity, in order to enhance transparency and accountability
  11. 11. 11Budget 2018